Review Category : Health

Kids Will Never Turn Their Noses Up at a Treat

Digital Vision/Thinkstock(BRISBANE, Australia) — Moms know how it goes: no matter if their toddler has a belly full of food, they’ll still be able to stuff their face with a treat if one’s at hand.

Nutrition researcher Holly Harris at Queensland University of Technology in Australia says this seems to be the case with all children, all the way down to age three.

Harris conducted a study with 37 kids ages three and four and every single one of them went for a high-energy treat even though they weren’t hungry. In fact, eight of ten admitted to being really full just 15 minutes prior to getting the snack.

Meanwhile, boys and girls had different reasons for eating a treat in the absence of hunger. Apparently, when boys are pressured by moms to finish their meals, it seems to fuel their desire to have a snack when they don’t really crave one. Meanwhile, the same kind of pressure did not compel girls to continue eating although they couldn’t resist having a treat either.

According to Harris, people are born with the innate ability to control their feeding practices. However, “as we grow older, we become increasingly aware of the abundance and rewarding value of food, and in turn, our ability to respond appropriately to our appetite may diminish,” she added.

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Ebola in America: Timeline of the Deadly Virus

iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — Ebola, a virus that is affecting people thousands of miles away in West Africa, is now in America with two transmissions on U.S. soil confirmed in Dallas and officials calling additional transmissions to health workers a “very real possibility.”

The Ebola outbreak in West Africa has sickened at least 9,936 people since March, killing at least 4,877 of them — making it the worst outbreak of the virus in history, according to the World Health Organization.

Find out how the virus first arrived in the United States — via U.S. missionaries flown here for treatment this summer — and then how Ebola was unwittingly imported via Thomas Eric Duncan, who flew from Liberia to Texas with the virus and later died in Dallas.

Oct. 23, 2014: Dr. Craig Allen Spencer is diagnosed with Ebola the same day he went into isolation at Bellevue Hospital in Manhattan. According to the hospital, he had a fever and gastrointestinal symptoms when he was transferred to Bellevue. Spencer recently returned from Guinea, where he was working for Doctors Without Borders. NYC Mayor Bill de Blasio said at a news conference that Spencer only had symptoms for “a very brief period of time” and only had contact with “very few” people. He described the patient as “in good shape.”

Oct. 19, 2014: The unnamed American Ebola patient is discharged from Emory University Hospital, where the patient had been undergoing care since Sept. 9. This patient had been working for the WHO in Sierra Leone and chose to remain anonymous. “Given the national focus on Ebola, particularly with the diagnosis in two health care workers, I want to share the news that I am recovering from this disease, and that I anticipate being discharged very soon, free from the Ebola virus and able to return safely to my family and to my community,” the unnamed patient said in a statement released Oct. 15.

Oct. 17, 2014: Officials announce that a Dallas health worker who handled clinical specimens from Thomas Eric Duncan, the first person diagnosed with Ebola on American soil, is quarantined aboard a Carnival cruise ship amid concerns the worker may have been exposed to the Ebola virus.

Oct. 16, 2014: Dallas nurse Nina Pham, 26, the first person to contract Ebola in the United States, is flown from Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital in Dallas to the National Institutes of Health hospital in Bethesda, Maryland. Pham treated Duncan at Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital, where she works.

Oct. 15, 2014: Amber Vinson, 29, another nurse who treated Duncan at Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital, is diagnosed with Ebola shortly after midnight and flown to Emory University Hospital that evening.

Oct. 14, 2014: Vinson is taken to Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital in Dallas with a fever.

Oct. 13, 2014: Vinson flies from Cleveland to Dallas on Frontier Airlines Flight 1143, arriving at 8:16 p.m. She has no symptoms, but her temperature was 99.5 degrees that morning, according to health officials. She notified the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention before boarding, and no one told her not to fly.

Oct. 12, 2014: Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital in Dallas says that Pham has tested positive for Ebola.

Oct. 12, 2014: An unidentified Dallas health worker who handled Duncan’s clinical specimens at Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital boards a cruise ship. The CDC notified the worker about active monitoring after the cruise ship left the country, according to a government statement.

Oct. 10, 2014: Vinson takes a commercial flight from Dallas to Cleveland, Ohio, to prepare for her upcoming wedding.

Oct. 9, 2014: A Dallas County sheriff’s deputy who reported symptoms associated with Ebola after serving a quarantine order on the apartment where Duncan had been staying tests negative for the virus.

Oct. 8, 2014: Duncan dies at Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital.

Oct. 6, 2014: Ashoka Mukpo, 33, a freelance American cameraman who contracted Ebola in West Africa, arrives at Nebraska Medical Center for Ebola treatment.

Oct. 6, 2014: Dr. Rick Sacra, 51, who contracted Ebola while treating patients in a Liberian maternity ward a month earlier, is released from his second hospitalization since returning to the United States. He had been hospitalized at UMass Memorial Medical Center on Worcester, Massachusetts, with what doctors initially thought was an Ebola relapse but was soon diagnosed as a respiratory infection.

Oct. 5, 2014: Sacra is hospitalized in Massachusetts with what doctors fear is an Ebola relapse. They isolate him out of what they said was an abundance of caution.

Oct. 2, 2014: Mukpo is diagnosed with Ebola in Liberia. He worked for Vice News, NBC News and other outlets.

Sept. 30, 2014: The CDC confirms that a patient who would later be identified as Duncan has been diagnosed with Ebola on U.S. soil.

Sept. 28, 2014: Duncan returns to the hospital in an ambulance and is isolated.

Sept. 26, 2014: Duncan goes to Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital in Dallas with a fever and tells a nurse he has been to Liberia. But he is sent home with antibiotics and Tylenol.

Sept. 25, 2014: Sacra is deemed virus-free and released from Nebraska Medical Center, where he had spent weeks in an isolation ward recovering from Ebola.

Sept. 20, 2014: Duncan arrives in the United States from Liberia to visit family.

Sept. 9, 2014: An unnamed American Ebola patient arrives at Emory University Hospital for treatment. This patient had been working for the WHO in Sierra Leone.

Sept. 5, 2014: Sacra arrives at Nebraska Medical Center for treatment. He eventually gets a blood transfusion from Dr. Kent Brantly, the American missionary who survived his bout with Ebola.

Sept. 3, 2014: Sacra was diagnosed with Ebola even though he was treating patients in the maternity ward of the ELWA Hospital in Monrovia, Liberia, not Ebola patients.

Aug. 21, 2014: Dr. Kent Brantly, 33, is discharged from Emory University Hospital, where he was undergoing treatment for Ebola after contracting it in Africa. In a news conference, he hugs several members of the hospital staff.

Aug. 19, 2014: Missionary Nancy Writebol, 59, is quietly discharged from Emory University Hospital, where she was undergoing treatment for Ebola. She also contracted the virus doing aid work in Liberia.

Aug. 5, 2014: Writebol is flown from Liberia to Emory University Hospital in Atlanta, Georgia, for Ebola treatment in its isolation ward.

Aug. 2, 2014: Brantly is flown from Liberia to Emory for treatment. He surprises everyone by walking out of the ambulance into the hospital in his protective suit.

July 31, 2013: In Liberia, Brantly gets the first dose of an experimental drug called ZMapp, though it was unnamed at the time. Though doctors initially thought there was only enough for one person, Writebol was administered the drug as well.

July 27, 2014: Missionary groups report that two Americans are sickened with Ebola while helping patients in Monrovia, Liberia. Brantly and Writebol were working for aid groups Samaritan’s Purse and SIM, respectively. Brantly later told reporters he held patients’ hands as they were dying.

March 19, 2014: What would become the largest Ebola outbreak in history begins in March 2014 with 23 deaths from what is then called a “mystery” hemorrhagic fever.

1976: Ebola is first discovered in what is now the Democratic Republic of Congo near the Ebola River in 1976. Thirty-two Ebola outbreaks would follow, bringing the total number of cases before this outbreak to 2,361, including 1,438 deaths, according to the WHO.

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Possible Ebola Patient Taken to New York City Hospital

iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — A doctor who recently traveled from West Africa has been placed in isolation at a New York City Hospital with Ebola-like symptoms, officials said Thursday.

The patient has been identified as Dr. Craig Allen Spencer, New York government sources told ABC News.

“The important thing to remember here is until we have full information … we can’t draw conclusions,” New York City Mayor Bill DeBlasio said during a news conference Thursday evening, adding that city health workers have drilled for this scenario.

DeBlasio said he expected more information later Thursday evening, but assured the public that the patient only had symptoms “a very brief period of time” and only had contact with “very few” people. He described the patient as “in good shape.”

The patient was working for Doctors Without Borders, according to the organization, which declined to name the individual but said he had a fever this morning.

He had a fever and gastrointestinal symptoms when he was taken to Bellevue Hospital in Manhattan, according to a statement from the hospital. Preliminary test results for Ebola are expected late Thursday night, the hospital said.

Law enforcement sources said the 33-year-old patient recently returned from Guinea, one of the West African countries currently battling an Ebola outbreak. The patient traveled through Brussels, Belgium, and arrived at JFK Airport, law enforcement sources said. He arrived in the United States on Oct. 17.

President Barack Obama has been made aware of this possible Ebola case, a national security council official told ABC News.

911 operators inquired about the patient’s travel history and arrived at the patient’s residence in full protective gear, the EMT union president told ABC News.

Spencer was brought to Bellevue Hospital via the back entrance and taken to the top floor, where he was placed in one of the hospital’s four isolation rooms, hospital spokesman Ian Michaels told ABC News. He is not near the first floor emergency room, Michaels said.

Spencer’s Manhattan apartment has been sealed, but the building is still open to other tenants. If Spencer tests positive, it will be decontaminated, officials told ABC News.

New York City Councilman Mark Levine said the possible Ebola case had Spencer’s northern Manhattan neighborhood on edge, adding that one person he told about Spencer ran away from him.

The city Health Department has already started to trace the patient’s contacts, according to the statement.

According to Spencer’s LinkedIn profile, he is a fellow of international emergency medicine at Columbia University New York Presbyterian Hospital. The hospital’s emergency medicine website lists him as an attending physician who had been working on several projects in East Africa.

The New York Presbyterian Hospital released a statement this evening calling him a “dedicated humanitarian.”

“He is a committed and responsible physician who always puts his patients first,” the statement reads. “He has not been to work at our hospital and has not seen any patients at our hospital since his return from overseas. Our thoughts are with him, and we wish him all the best at this time.”

If Spencer tests positive for Ebola, this would be the fourth patient to be diagnosed in the United States. Thomas Eric Duncan, a Liberian national, tested positive for the deadly virus at the end of September in Dallas, where he infected two nurses who cared for him: Nina Pham and Amber Vinson. Duncan died on Oct. 8, shortly before the nurses tested positive for the virus. Vinson has been declared virus-free, her family announced Wednesday. Pham’s condition has been upgraded from “fair” to “good.”

Health officials decided to test the New York City patient for Ebola because of the patient’s work, symptoms and travel history, according to the Bellevue Hospital statement. Bellevue is the designated hospital for the diagnosis and treatment of Ebola patients in New York City.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention may already be assembling a team, though it won’t be deployed until the patient tests positive for Ebola, according to a CDC spokesperson. A CDC team was already en route to Dallas the day Duncan tested positive for Ebola, the agency said.

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Ohio College Gives Terminally Ill Lauren Hill Chance to Fulfill Her Basketball Dream

iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — An Ohio student whose last wish is to play in a college basketball game will see her dream come true in front of thousands of fans after the NCAA agreed to move up her team’s season opener so she would be well enough to play.

Lauren Hill, 19, was diagnosed with Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma (DIPG), an inoperable brain condition, in November 2013, not long after she committed to playing college basketball at Cincinnati’s Mount St. Joseph’s University on her 18th birthday.

Last month, Hill, who was recruited as a local high school standout, got the news that her brain tumor had grown and she had only months to live.

After the diagnosis, Hill kept playing basketball, joining her Mount St. Joseph teammates for practices.

“She wanted to be a part of the team and wanted to do as much as she could,” Dan Benjamin, Mount St. Joe’s girls’ basketball coach, told ABC News. “When she came to the Mount, she told her players, ‘You guys have to be committed. You have to play hard. Just like I have to play hard,’” Benjamin said.

When Benjamin learned of the progression of Hill’s tumor, he mentioned to an NCAA official and the coach of the team Mount St. Joe’s was scheduled to open their season against — Hiram College — that he was going to seek a waiver to move the game to an earlier date.

“By the time I got into my office that Monday morning, I not only had an email from the NCAA but a message saying, ‘Just send us the medical documents,’” Benjamin said. “They have moved fast and it’s been remarkable.”

Instead of a Nov. 15 face-off, Hill and her teammates will now play Hiram Nov. 2 at Xavier University’s 10,000-seat Cintas Center.

“We typically only get 100 or 200 people per game so they’re excited to play in front of so many people,” Benjamin said of his team. “They’re more excited to help Lauren finish her mission.”

A big part of the mission for Hill, who could not be reached for comment Thursday by ABC News, has been to help raise awareness for DIPG, which, according to Benjamin, typically strikes children.

“Lauren took this upon herself to say, ‘There’s no one that can tell the story because these kids can’t talk about it,’” Benjamin said. “She said, ‘I can be the spokesperson.’”

Hill and her teammates created T-shirts to sell as a fundraiser. Proceeds from the T-shirts as well as tickets to the Nov. 2 game will go to The Cure Starts Now Foundation and the Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center.

Despite all the attention Hill’s story has received – including a visit from Cincinatti Bengals player Devon Stills, whose daughter is battling pediatric cancer – her coach says she is focused on the game.

“She wants to hear the squeakiness of her tennis shoes on the floor. She wants to hear the dribbling of the ball and the roar of the crowd,” Benjamin said. “That’s all she wants.”

“She’s taught me, don’t ever give up,” he said. “There’s no reason to not roll out of bed with a smile on our face like she does.”

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You Really Love Your Dog Like a Child, Study Says

iStock/Thinkstock(BOSTON) — You love your dog, that’s a no-brainer. And with Americans expected to spend an estimated $58.51 billion on the pet industry this year, it’s clear that the emotion is deeper than ever projected.

Now, scientists have taken the unconditional love you have for your dog to the next level, confirming that it’s very similar to a mother-child connection.

“I don’t have a child but I have nieces and nephews and I could say I absolutely love my dog like a child,” says Wendy Diamond, Chief Pet Officer at animalfair.com. “My dog relies on me for absolutely everything; I would do anything for my dog.”

Just as pet parents are validating the adoration they have for their canines, research analysts at Massachusetts General Hospital concluded that the bond between pup and pet parent were very similar to maternal love, according to the 2014 study published in PLOS ONE.

Researchers recruited a group of women who had a child between 2 and 10 years old, as well as a dog that had been living in their households for at least two years.

Subjects were shown images of their dog and children, then a scanner picked up the signals of affection that were triggered in the brain.

“Mothers reported similar emotional ratings for their child and dog, which elicited greater positive emotional responses than unfamiliar children and dogs,” the study concluded.

Devin Crouch, stay-at-home tot and doggy mom as well as owner of the “carterandtoby” Instagram account, believes you can absolutely love your dog like a baby.

“We have an almost two-year-old and I refer to Toby our dog as one of my children,” says Crouch. “I think by watching Toby love our son as if it’s one of his puppies or his brother that makes the love for I have for him even greater.”

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One College Has Unique Approach to Preventing Sexual Assaults

Wavebreak Media/Thinkstock(HAMILTON, N.Y.) — Colgate University is doing its part in the national campaign to end sexual violence on college campuses.

The idea is one that might catch on elsewhere because students who take a seminar on sexual consent can use those credits toward the school’s Phys Ed requirements.

During the class, which meets for six weeks per semester, students are assigned to read and discuss Jessica Valenti’s book, Yes Means Yes!, which means that both people give conscious and voluntary consent to having sex. At the completion of the course, each student must expound on an ideal sexual climate on campus.

Although the Yes Means Yes seminar is referred to as an extracurricular program, its purpose is particularly serious. And for Colgate students, a relatively painless way to get out of Phys Ed for one semester.

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Careful, Your Dishcloth Might Make You Sick

iStock/Thinkstock(TUCSON, Ariz.) — Who could have a bad word to say about a dischcloth, an essential kitchen accessory that also cuts down on the expense of buying paper towels?

Unfortunately, researchers at the University of Arizona’s Zuckerman College of Public Health feel they need to alert the public about the dangers of dishcloths.

If that sounds somewhat alarmist, the researchers contend that almost nine out of ten dishcloths, and sponges as well, are contaminated with coliform bacteria, which is present in the digestive tracts of humans and animals and found in their waste.

Meanwhile, E. coli was also present in one out of four dishcloths and sponges.

All this would probably want to make people ditch the dishcloth, considering the bacterium can be transferred to plates, utensils, kitchen counters or just about anything it touches.

The way to keep things as clean as possible, according to the researchers, is through “frequent replacement or decontamination of kitchen towels.” And the best way to decontaminate them? Soak the cloth in bleach for two minutes.

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The Antidote to College Problems May Be a Therapy Dog

iStock/Thinkstock(ATLANTA) — Therapy dogs are not just for the physically disabled or the elderly anymore. In an effort to relieve the loneliness and other emotional problems felt by many students, three colleges partnered to learn if therapy dogs could also be of help on campuses.

The results, as reported by Georgia State University, Idaho State University and Savannah College of Art and Design, were that symptoms of loneliness and anxiety fell by 60 percent when students interacted with a therapy dog.

During the experiment, students showed up twice a month at a college counseling center to do whatever activity they liked with the dog for up to two hours under the supervision of a licensed mental health practitioner.

Ultimately, most said their time with the pet was the most significant part of the counseling session.

Researcher Franco Dispenza agreed that therapy animals can prove invaluable given the pressures and stress of college life these days, which can be exacerbated by problems students may have already had before entering a school.

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Dog of Ebola-Infected Nurse Tests Negative for Deadly Virus

Dallas Animal Services and Adoption Center(DALLAS) — The dog of an Ebola-infected nurse has tested negative for the deadly virus.

Bentley has been quarantined after its owner, Nina Pham, was diagnosed with Ebola earlier this month.

According to a statement from Dallas City Hall, the dog was tested Monday and will be tested again while he remains in quarantine for 21 days, similar to how humans are quarantined for the duration of a possible Ebola incubation.

Pham was diagnosed on Oct. 12.

The dog has been cared for at an undisclosed location by a large team including Dallas Animal Services, Texas A&M University and the College of Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences, and Texas Animal Health Commission, among others.

The Dallas Animal Services, which has helped care for the the dog in quarantine, posted images of the dog on Monday as he was being tested.

A team member from the Texas A&M University Veterinary Emergency Team wore full protective gear as he took samples from Bentley.

In Spain, the dog of an Ebola-infected nurse there was euthanized amid fears the animal could spread the virus although there was no confirmation the dog had been infected with the virus. Thousands protested the decision by local government officials.

Pham contracted the virus after she treated Thomas Duncan at Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital. She was moved to the National Institutes of Health hospital in Bethesda, Maryland, on Oct. 16 for further treatment.

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Ashoka Mukpo Says He Owes Hospital a ‘Debt He Can Never Repay’

Ashoka Mukpo(OMAHA, Neb.) — Ashoka Mukpo, the freelance American journalist who caught Ebola and was discharged from Nebraska Medical Center on Wednesday, said he owes the hospital staff “a debt he can never repay.”

Mukpo, 33, a cameraman covering the Ebola outbreak in West Africa for NBC News, Vice and others, contracted the deadly virus. He was flown to Nebraska Medical Center for treatment in its isolation unit on Oct. 6.

“After end weeks where it was unclear whether I would survive, I’m walking out of the hospital on my own power, free from Ebola,” Mukpo wrote in a statement read at a news conference at the hospital Wednesday.

He took to social media throughout his treatment, tweeting Tuesday night that he tested negative for Ebola three times over three days.

Just got my results. 3 consecutive days negative. Ebola free and feeling so blessed. I fought and won, with lots of help. Amazing feeling

— ashoka (@unkyoka) October 21, 2014

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