Review Category : Health

CDC: E Coli Outbreak Linked to Chipotle Restaurants Not Ongoing, Not Spreading

marcnorman/iStock Editorial/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says that the multistate outbreak of E. coli linked to food from Chipotle Mexican Grill restaurants is not spreading or ongoing.

Data released by the CDC Friday indicated three additional cases of the disease were found in New York, Ohio and California, those cases occurred in mid- to late-October. That timing would place those cases at the same time as the prevalent cases in Washington and Oregon.

Chipotle restaurants believed to be involved in the outbreak were closed near the end of October and food from them was collected for testing. All food has since tested negative for E. coli, leading experts to believe that the contaminant is no longer in the chain’s restaurants.

An investigation into what exactly caused the outbreak remains ongoing. The CDC says it will advise the public of any potential steps that can be taken to protect themselves from E. coli.

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Popular Baby Names Today That Your Mom Has Never Heard Of

julief514/iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — Names that make your mom go “hmmm” are likely the names of one — or more — of your child’s playmates, according to

The popular baby name site has come up with a list of names that were all but non-existent in 1985, but today all appear in the top 500.

“The list of U.S. Most Popular Names has come to include more ethnically distinct names, words freshly morphed into names, and newly-minted monikers,” said Pamela Redmond Satran, baby naming expert and site founder.

Here are 12 baby names with their 1985 and current-day rankings.



“Aniyah is one of those names that resembles a lot of other names, from Anya to Amaya to Aliyah, but is actually a recent invention. Used for zero babies in 1985, today it stands at Number 226,” Satran said. “Nearly 1,500 baby girls were named Aniyah in the U.S. in 2014, with spelling Aniya given to another 500-plus. The name may be thought of as a contemporary spin on Ann.”


“Isn’t Lyric the words from a song? Sure, Mom, but now it’s also a popular baby name for both genders, ranking Number 271 on the girls’ list and Number 860 on the boys,’” according to Nameberry. In 2014, more than 1,200 girls were named Lyric in the U.S. along with more than 250 boys. In 1985, that count was 10 girls and zero boys.


“If Mom was an astronomer or a history buff, she might have heard this celestial name. Nova, which means new and is the word for a star that increases in brightness, was used from the late 19th century until the 1930s, when it disappeared only to reemerge in 2011,” Satran said. Since then it’s soared all the way to Number 287, used for more than 1,100 baby girls last year. In 1985, that number was 38.


“Many names from South of the Border have become more widely used in the U.S., and this is one of the freshest,” Satran said. Meaning “you will always be loved” in the Aztec language, according to Nameberry, it may also be related to the goddess name Yara, popular in Portuguese- and Spanish-speaking countries. Yaretzi, which didn’t appear at all on the 1985 roster, was given to nearly 900 baby girls in the U.S. last year, placing it at Number 372. It’s Number 58 in Mexico.


Was your mom a fan of Zoe Saldana’s stone-cold killer in the movie Colombiana? We didn’t think so, in which case she probably doesn’t know this newly-popular name inspired by the character, though if she’s an orchid lover she may be familiar with the flower that inspired it. The name Cataleya was given to nearly 700 baby girls in 2014, placing it at Number 461, versus zero in 1985.


“Unless your mom has been watching a lot of Disney Channel lately, she may not recognize this African name, popularized by a character on the show Jessie,’” Satran said. Zuri was used for 660 girls in 2014 and ranked Number 475, but did not appear at all on the 1985 extended roster. The name is Kiswahili for good or beautiful, according to Nameberry.



“To your Mom, Ryker may be the island where they keep prisoners in New York City, but it’s also a very popular baby name, given to more than 2,500 boys last year and ranking at Number 151,” Satran said. In Mom’s baby-naming days, only eight baby boys were named Ryker.


“Unless Mom is a big world soccer fan, she may not have heard of the name Iker, hugely popular thanks to [soccer star] Iker Casillas, who plays for both Portuguese and Spanish teams,” Satran said. The name is Basque for visitation and is pronounced EE-keer. It was given to 1,787 baby boys in the U.S. last year, ranking at Number 215, and zero in 1985.


Tyler and Kyle were both already a top 100 names in the 1980s, inspiring lots of variations, including combo-name Kyler, given to 64 baby boys in 1985. Today, though, that number has exploded, with over 1,200 babies named Kyler in the U.S. last year, ranking the name at Number 288, according to Nameberry. Kyler is a Dutch occupational name that means “archer” — another trendy appellation that may not be on Mom’s scope.


“Jason was a Top 10 name in the late 1970s and early 1980s, but in 1985 Kason had barely been stirred to life, given to only 15 boys that year,” Satran said. Today, that number has soared to nearly 900, with Kason — a hybrid of Jason and Case and Karson, according to Nameberry — ranking at Number 365.


“As a Biblical name, Adriel was used quietly in 1985, when it was given to 42 boys and 14 girls. Today that’s increased to nearly 700 boys and 50 girls, with another 50 baby girls named Adrielle,” Satran said. Adriel ranks Number 433 on the boys’ list. “If Mom was familiar with Adriel from the Bible, she may not have considered the name because of its tragic history, though other once-unseemly Biblical names such as Delilah and Cain are more acceptable now.”


Of course Mom knows Jack, and she’s also familiar with Jackson, and she may even know that Jackson is sometimes styled as Jaxon or Jaxson. But Jaxton? Probably not, given that it doesn’t appear at all on the 1985 extended roster. A hybrid of Jackson and Braxton, Jaxton was given to 640 baby boys last year placing it at Number 457.

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Hispanic Americans Are Living Longer, CDC Finds

iStock/Thinkstock(ATLANTA) — A new report published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on Friday found that in 2013, Hispanics lived an average of three years longer than the non-Hispanic white and black population in America.

The average person in U.S. lives to be about 79, whereas the average Hispanic person lives to about 82 years of age.

Breaking down the numbers, Hispanic males live 2.7 years more than non-Hispanic whites and 6.5 years more than non-Hispanic blacks. The numbers are even more astounding for Hispanic females, who live on average to 83.8 years — 2.6 years more than non-Hispanic white females and 5.7 years more than non-Hispanic black females.

Why are Hispanic males and females living longer? The top three reasons: Hispanic males were less likely to die from causes such as cancer, heart disease and unintentional injuries, whereas Hispanic females were less likely to die from heart disease, cancer and homicide.

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Your Body: Post-Natal Obesity

iStock/ThinkstockBy DR. JENNIFER ASHTON, ABC News Senior Medical Contributor

You’ve probably heard that your behavior while pregnant has a powerful influence on the risk of future childhood obesity. But what about after pregnancy?

With the growing prevalence of obesity worldwide, an increasing proportion of women enter their pregnancies either overweight or obese.

During early pregnancy, obesity more than doubles the risk of an overweight condition in young children. Maternal adiposity, which is measured through mid-upper arm circumference, is associated with higher fat mass in early childhood.

There are growing focuses on the influences of obesity that occur before, during and after pregnancy.

My take? Control the things you can control: Don’t smoke, try to breastfeed or pump, and pay attention to your baby’s sleeping schedule. All of these factors can help reduce the risk of future obesity.

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“Modern Family’s” Reid Ewing Opens Up About Body Dysmorphia

ABC/Eric McCandless(NEW YORK) — Modern Family actor Reid Ewing, 27, is opening up about his body dysmorphic disorder and the surgeries he’s had in the past, which he said he now regrets.

In an op-ed for the Huffington Post, Ewing, who plays Dylan on the hit show, writes, “Body dysmorphic disorder is a mental illness in which a person obsesses over the way he or she looks. In my case, my looks were the only thing that mattered to me.”

The actor made his first appointment with a plastic surgeon in 2008.

“I genuinely believed if I had one procedure I would suddenly look like Brad Pitt,” he continued. “[The plastic surgeon] quickly determined that large cheek implants would address the issues I had with my face, and a few weeks later I was on the operating table. He spoke with me before I went under, but he wasn’t the same empathetic person I met with during the consultation.”

Ewing was 19 at the time of his first surgery. After the procedure, Ewing said he “woke up screaming my head off from pain” and had to wear a full facial mask.

“For the next two weeks, I stayed at a hotel doped up on hydrocodone. When the time came to take off the bandages, it was nothing like I had expected,” he wrote. “My face was so impossibly swollen, there was no way I could make any excuse for it. After all the swelling finally went down, the results were horrendous. The lower half of my cheeks were as hollow as a corpse’s, which, I know, is the opposite of what you’d expect, as they are called cheek implants.”

With the doctor refusing to operate on Ewing again, the young actor stayed in isolation.

“When I went out, people on the street would stare at me, and when I visited my parents they thought I had contracted some illness,” he added. “Unable to take this state of living, I began to seek out another doctor. The next one I found was even less qualified, but I didn’t care; I just wanted out of my situation.”

This doctor suggested a chin implant. “The same day he brought me into his back office and operated on me,” he wrote.

But the surgeon had made a mistake and had to operate again to correct the implant.

“At this point I was 20 years old. For the next couple of years, I would get several more procedures with two other doctors. Each procedure would cause a new problem that I would have to fix with another procedure,” Ewing said. “At the beginning of 2012, all the isolation, secrecy, depression, and self-hate became too much to bear. I vowed I would never get cosmetic surgery again even though I was still deeply insecure about my looks.”

Ewing said not one of the doctors he saw “had mental health screenings in place for their patients.”

“My history with eating disorders and the cases of obsessive compulsive disorder in my family never came up. None of the doctors suggested I consult a psychologist for what was clearly a psychological issue rather than a cosmetic one,” he wrote. “People with body dysmorphic disorder often become addicted to cosmetic surgery.”

Ewing said he wants to raise awareness of the disease so other people who are suffering can seek help.

“Before seeking to change your face, you should question whether it is your mind that needs fixing…I wish I could go back and undo all the surgeries. Now I can see that I was fine to begin with and didn’t need the surgeries after all,” he wrote.

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Determined Mom Completes College Exam While in Labor

Courtesy Tommitrise Collins(MACON, Ga.) — A Georgia mom didn’t let labor pains get in the way of passing her psychology exam last week and there’s a photo taking the Internet by storm to prove it.

“I’m shocked by it [going viral],” Tommitrise Collins of Macon, Georgia told ABC News Friday. “I didn’t even know about the picture until she [my daughter] was delivered. I feel like it motivates women — all the responses I’ve gotten [said] how it motivated and inspires some women to start college again.”

Collins, 21, said she went into labor at 1 a.m. on Nov. 12 and was brought to Coliseum Medical Center in Macon, but the Middle Georgia State University senior was scheduled to take a psychology exam online, which she was determined to complete.

“My due date was November 17 and I didn’t expect to go into labor that night,” she said. “I knew I had a test to take and it opened from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. My mom called and asked me ‘Have you taken the test yet?’ Even though I was hurting, I had to take the test.”

In between three-minute contractions, Collins said she took and passed her test while her sister, Shanell Brinkley-Chapman, snapped a photo and posted it to Facebook, where it received over 15,000 shares and counting.

“This is what you call ‘Strong Priorities,'” Brinkley-Chapman wrote. “Contractions 3 minutes apart and still takes her Psychology Test! You are going to be a great Mom baby sis!”

Middle Georgia State University confirmed to ABC News that Collins is a student at the college and completed the psychology exam.

Hours later, Collins gave birth to a healthy baby girl named Tyler Elise, born 7 lbs., 10 oz.

Collins said she’ll be showing the picture to Tyler when she gets older and as for her education.

“She has no excuse not to do her homework,” Collins said, laughing. “None at all.”

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How Board Games Can Reveal Just How Sleep Deprived You Are

Dan Childs/ABC News(NEW YORK) — In the workplace, it’s a badge of honor to sleep less and do more. All too often, we ignore the deleterious effects of not sleeping the recommended eight hours per night in order to keep up with life.

But if we are so driven by productivity, shouldn’t we be more in tune with how sleep deprivation affects our neurocognitive function — our ability to think?

To illuminate the issue, Dan Childs, managing editor of the ABC News Medical Unit, eschewed sleep for 49 hours so America could watch as his ability to critically think and function diminished over two grueling days.

During his time in a sleep lab, we put Dan through a series of tasks that everyone can relate to. He put his tired mind up against challenges that require emotional stamina, strategy, innovation and courage: family board games.

Now, before you dust off the kitchen table and prepare for a classic board game night, let’s explore examples of specific, sleep dependent, mental skills that are needed for victory.

Chess — Executive Function

“Executive function” is an umbrella term that encompasses our ability to plan and act, in the face of options, risks, and possibilities. This ability, governed by your brain’s frontal lobe, takes a hit when you haven’t slept, especially if you’re an adolescent.

Efficient chess play requires a healthy dose of executive function, and possibly some innate brilliance. Can you imagine willingly sending pawns into martyrdom, using knights to infiltrate enemy lines, and defending thy queen while you’re punch-drunk from an all-nighter? Try it and it’ll be a plastic blood bath.

Monopoly — Decision Making and Patience

Our brain has the uncanny ability to help you navigate multiple options and choose the best route to maximize gain. Your “greedy brain” needs sleep to negotiate life-altering decisions so imagine your Monopoly-playing skills if you’re up till dawn. Try managing multiple hotel properties, deciding between section-8 Baltic Avenue or overpriced Park Place, all while trying to pass “Go”, without sleep.

Simon Says — Working Memory

Memory is clutch when it comes to the workplace. The average job pulls the most from your brain’s ability to integrate new information and then perform tasks from mental blueprints. Known as “working memory”, this skill is weakened by lack of sleep. Neuroscientists actually proved this, using an experiment, nearly identical, to the ominous, daunting, colored-light challenge Simon Says. In the workplace or at your game table, sleep deprivation will lead to an increase in working-memory errors. Sleepy? Whip out the electronic, neuroscientist tool, and see how quickly you fail.

The Game of Life — Emotional Stability

The drama-queen center of your brain is your amygdala, which can send you into tantrums and tears if you’re sleep deprived. Ever have a sleepless night and feel like crying and laughing at the same time? Your brain needs rest to help you process emotions into rational actions so no sleep equals more drama. Now imagine playing The Game of Life and pulling the earthquake-damaged home and a low paying salary when you’ve been up all night.

Twister — Postural Balance

Fortunately, when we’re exhausted, we aren’t usually trying to put our postural balance to test. Unless you’re at a morning-after party and playing a rowdy game of Twister. Your balance will be stunted and while you’re maneuvering bodies trying to get your right hand on red, while keeping your left foot on yellow, you’ll be sorry you couldn’t count sheep.

Picture Memory — Recognition Memory

There are some games that you will always be able to own your children at. Memory is one of them and your hippocampus will help you. Yet if you stayed up all night watching Netflix, your little one may just pair the blue fish and beach balls together faster than you can. Your recall and memory span will be reeling just as much as your ego.

Operation — Fine Motor Skills

What’s most disturbing about this pairing is the game, Operation, is a take on surgery, which is a field ridden with sleep deprivation. Even if you rehearse a motor task dozens of times, your brain needs sleep to commit fine skills to memory. But hey, you’re a rebel, you skipped sleep and it’s time to play Operation. Bad news: In this scenario, you’re more at risk of getting “buzzed” while trying to remove the water pail (“Water on the Knee”) or extricating the ice cream cone, (“Charley Horse”). Board game translation? Medical malpractice lawsuit.

So what’s the moral of the board-game-meets-insomniac story? Sleep has immediate effects on the higher order mental processing we rely on, every day. Ironically, these mental skills are necessary for workplace performance which is often the culprit of sleep deprivation. So do yourself and all willful challengers a favor and rest before game day.

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Study: Pigeons Can Read Breast Cancer Scans ‘Just as Well as Humans’

iStock/Thinkstock(DAVIS, Calif.) — While various scans for breast cancer produce results that can be tough for even seasoned physicians, researchers at the University of California at Davis have discovered even a bird brain can do it — literally.

Improbably, scientists discovered showing the same scans to properly trained pigeons can detect malignant tissue in mammogram scans and biopsy slides, “just as well as humans,” according to Professor Richard Levenson.

While the scans, some of which are unfortunately up for interpretation, can be difficult for physicians, the birds are “uncommonly good” at picking out danger zones — reading the scans correctly in 85% of cases.

It took just two weeks for the birds to get fully up to speed, after having been trained to peck a blue button for an image depicting benign tissue, and a yellow one for a malignant image.

And while doctors and scans cost thousands, the birds work for cheap: seed was used as a reward for right answers.

The study appears online in the medical journal PLoS One, and the experiment has also been posted to YouTube.

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Seven-Week Old Conjoined Twins Successfully Separated at Kentucky Hospital

Kosair Children’s Hospital(LOUISVILLE, Ky.) — Surgeons at Kentucky’s Kosair Children’s Hospital announced that they successfully performed a surgery to separate seven-week old conjoined twin girls last week.

According to the hospital, the girls remain on ventilators, but have gotten stronger each day. “In any situation where you have so complex a surgery, there is always a long road to recovery,” the hospital’s Chief of Cardiovascular Surgery Erle H. Austin III, M.D. said. “We are cautiously optimistic,” he added, noting that “one or both may require additional surgeries in the future.”

The hospital’s statement quotes the mother of the girls as saying that she and her family “are so thankful to God and everyone at Kosair Children’s Hospital for getting them this far.”

The girls were born joined at the chest and abdominal cavity. According to the hospital, their livers were joined and the two girls shared some of the same heart structures.

Conjoined twins happen in about one of every 200,000 live births, the University of Maryland Medical Center says. The survival rate is between five and 25 percent.

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NIH Says It’s Retiring All Research Chimpanzees

DigitalVision/Thinkstock(WAHSINGTON) — The National Institute of Health (NIH) has announced it will permanently stop using chimpanzees for biomedical testing and is retiring its remaining chimpanzee population.

Dr. Francis Collins, director of the NIH, announced this week that its chimps would be removed from labs and relocated to sanctuaries in the U.S. The government agency had already retired 310 chimps for biomedical testing in 2013 but kept 50 “reserve” chimps on hand for research purposes.

“As a result of these numerous changes over the last few years and the significantly reduced demand for chimpanzees in NIH-supported biomedical research, it is clear that we’ve reached a tipping point,” Collins said in statement Wednesday. “I have reassessed the need to maintain chimpanzees for biomedical research and decided that effective immediately, NIH will no longer maintain a colony of 50 chimpanzees for future research.”

Wayne Pacelle, the CEO and president of the Humane Society of the U.S., said the news was heartening after the group has fought for years to stop chimpanzees from being used in medical laboratories.

“We’re elated that these highly intelligent sociable animals are on their way out of laboratories and into better living environments without any threat of people injuring or harming them for any purpose, Pacelle told ABC News.

The Human Society believes that after the NIH announcement, no chimpanzees are currently being used for biomedical testing anywhere in the globe.

The Jane Goodall Institute called the news a “good step forward,” but said more work needed to be done to ensure the animals were placed in good sanctuaries.

“We applaud this recent news that federally funded research on chimpanzees is ending and now look forward to getting all of these chimps to sanctuary,” according to a statement from the group.

The chimpanzees currently in NIH laboratories will likely be moved to Chimp Haven, a federal sanctuary in Louisiana.

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