Review Category : Health

Your Body: Regaining Lost Weight

Photodisc/ThinkstockBy DR. JENNIFER ASHTON, ABC News Senior Medical Contributor

If you’ve ever tried to lose weight, you know it could be an up and down battle. This is likely why so many winners of weight loss shows wind up putting the pounds back on.

It’s a concept called metabolic adaptation — or as some people call it, “the defense of fatness.” It means there are actually hormonal and metabolic reasons that people regain lost weight.

It’s not meant to be an excuse, or remove personal responsibility. But it does mean that people who regain their weight are not lazy or undisciplined.

Since becoming board-certified in obesity medicine, I practice a pyramid approach to treating obesity. This means aggressive attention to diet and exercise for everyone, FDA-approved use of weight loss medications for some and bariatric or weight loss surgery for a few.

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

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Some Frozen Vegetables Voluntarily Recalled over Listeria Concerns

iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — A limited quantity of frozen peas and mixed vegetables are being voluntarily recalled by the National Frozen Food Corporation over fears they could be contaminated with listeria.

Frozen peas and mixed vegetables with the name “Not-Ready-To-Eat” were distributed between Sept. 2, 2015 and June 2, 2016. The National Frozen Foods Corporation detected possible contamination during a sample test, the company said in a statement on Friday. No one has been reported sick as a result of listeria contamination, according to the company.

A full list of the products affected by the recall can be found here. Consumers are recommended to check the date codes on their items and return them for a full refund.

Listeria is a bacteria that can sicken people who consume it through food. It usually causes fever, headache, nausea and diarrhea. In people with compromised immune systems, such as the elderly or those under the age of 5, the bacteria can cause dangerous and sometimes fatal infections. Pregnant women who contract the infection are at risk of miscarriage and stillbirth.

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

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After Orlando Shooting, First Responders Grapple with Psychological Toll

iStock/Thinkstock(ORLANDO) — When EMT Julio Salgado arrived at Orlando’s Pulse nightclub in the early morning hours of June 12, he saw rows of wounded bodies as law enforcement officers dragged victims out of the building — later telling ABC News he’s “never been on a scene like this before.”

There were no medics or emergency personnel allowed inside the nightclub at that time, because the gunman was still firing. So Salgado and his EMT crew approached the injured victims outside with a backboard and stretcher, ducking down behind a shotgun-wielding officer.

“It was like a war scene,” Salgado said. “It was load and go. Just get them out of there.”

First responders train for mass casualty events like the Orlando shooting that left at least 49 people dead, making it the worst mass shooting in recent U.S. history and the deadliest attack in the country since 9/11. Despite their training, some struggle with the psychological impact that follows.

Police officers who responded to the shooting were immersed in utter chaos and darkness when they first entered Pulse. The only light came from a spinning disco ball that revealed a dance floor covered in blood, bodies and bullet casings, the officers told ABC Orlando affiliate WFTV.

Screams and gunshots echoed inside the nightclub as they looked for survivors and tried to stop the shooter. Patrons were running out of the building with open wounds, trying to escape. The officers told WFTV they went through the club “going one-by-one, pulling (victims) up and checking for pulses.”

Once the Adrenaline Wears Off

Survivors, family members and friends are all at risk of emotional trauma following a mass shooting like the one at Pulse. For first responders, and the nurses, doctors, and surgeons who raced to the hospital to treat victims, that psychological impact can be especially intense, experts said.

“Once that adrenaline wears off and the muscle memory goes away, how do you deal with the effects of that?” Jason Marquez, President and CEO of First Response Training Groups in Orlando, which offers EMT and paramedic certification programs, told ABC News.

Marquez’s school for EMTs and paramedics sent more than 40 students and even more alumni to the scene of the Pulse shooting. Many of the students were dispatched specifically to tend to the families of victims in the immediate aftermath of the shooting — doing everything from bringing them pizza to offering prayers and someone to communicate with.

“We assigned one student to each family,” Marquez said. “If they want to sit there in silence, we’ll sit in silence. If they want us to pray to whatever God you want to pray to, we’ll do that.”

Recognizing that his students would need this type of support as well, he explained that his school held a gathering the day after the tragedy to provide a forum for people to talk and listen and process their experiences. He said communication is key to manage stress following such an event.

Dr. Daphne Simeon, an assistant professor of psychiatry at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine, stressed that “everyone has to process in their own way,” adding that no one should be forced to participate in structured group interventions.

“The major predictive factor is social support — it is incredibly effective,” said Simeon. “So, part of the acute interventions is discussing [one’s] social network and enhancing it.”

The Long View

Dr. Louise Buhrmann, a psychiatrist in Orlando, is helping coordinate counseling efforts for the Pulse shooting with the Florida Psychiatric Society. She has been referring patients to the Zebra Coalition, a local LGBT-plus organization, where mental health volunteers are offering counseling.

So far the calls have come primarily from local residents who observed the shootings or have been following them on the news, but Buhrmann said she believes they will hear from more victims and first responders as time goes by.

“There will still be the people who were more involved [in the rescue]; they have been too busy to care for themselves,” she told ABC News. ”Problems can crop up at any time, people with previous trauma events can be reactivated.”

Tony Colombrito, a professional counselor and American Red Cross disaster mental health volunteer, echoed this sentiment that reactions emerge over time. Colombrito was deployed to Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut, within hours of the December 2012 mass shooting there. He spent about a week providing support to first responders, victims’ families, and residents in the town.

He said some first responders wanted an ear to listen, while others needed a hug.

“Most didn’t want to talk about what they saw,” he told ABC News. “There’s the shock, but afterwards is when I think the real encounter with what happened starts to manifest.”

Dr. Matthew Levy, an emergency medicine physician at Johns Hopkins, said stigma may prevent first responders from seeking care. Levy was a first responder during the 2014 Columbia mall shooting, as well as serving as a paramedic on 9/11 and during Hurricane Katrina in 2005.

Levy said the most effective way of helping first responders is to train them to recognize distress in their peers.

“They are not alone. There may invariably be a moment when they feel like they are alone but they are not,” he told ABC News.

David Caplan, chief professional officer at American Counseling Association and a former first responder, said emergency personnel are trained to put their feelings aside in order to do their job and save lives. The problem, he said, is allowing themselves to feel after they have done their job so that they can process the experience and heal from it.

“I can tell you from my experience, the absolute most difficult thing was seeing a dead person,” Caplan told ABC News. “The first overwhelming feeling I had was the need to go home and take a shower, that I just needed to go home and wash it all off me.”

Not all first responders will need counseling or will suffer from psychological disorders after responding to a mass casualty event like the Orlando shooting. Dr. Patricia Watson at the National Center for PTSD said most emergency personnel will recuperate mentally on their own over time.

“They might be exhausted and they might be shaken, but it doesn’t mean they need treatment or that they’re going to go on to have a disorder,” Watson said. “These are people who are trained to go toward danger.”

But it’s important for their peers to remain vigilant in offering support months down the road, while also providing options and giving them control over their recovery.

“It’s very, very important for them to feel in control of what happens next,” Watson said. “If they feel like it’s better for them to be on the job, then that should be respected.”

Salgado, the Orlando emergency medical technician, said he doesn’t know whether the two victims he transported to the hospital survived the shooting at Pulse because he never got their names. Wiping tears from his eyes, he told ABC News he’s had trouble sleeping since that night.

“Don’t get me wrong,” Salgado said. “This is what we work for and train for.”

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

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Man With Cerebral Palsy to Compete With His Dad in Ironman Triathlon

iStock/Thinkstock(DETROIT) — A father-and-son team from Michigan are training to compete at the Ironman World Championship Triathlon in Kona, Hawaii, this October.

Even more remarkable than embarking on the 140.6-mile swimming, cycling and running journey, father Jeff Agar will push and pull his son, Johnny, who was born with cerebral palsy, during the entire triathlon so that the two can earn the Ironman title together.

Jeff Agar, 53, told ABC News Monday that he and his son have competed in six marathons together, and that they train every day for the Ironman World Championships.

Agar explained that he pulls Johnny on a chariot during the biking and running portion, and on a boat during the swimming portion of the triathlon. Agar told ABC News he is working with a professional trainer in order to not only finish the race, but to complete it with a 150-pound chariot in tow.

“He is constantly cheering for people as we go along,” Agar said of his son. “We get people who want to run with us just because of the cheering that they get from Johnny.”

“Johnny’s big goal in life is as a disability advocate,” Agar told ABC News. “He created a website like Yelp for handicapped people. It is about spreading information about how accessible a location is so you know before you go there.”

Johnny Agar, 22, told ABC News Monday how much he looks up to his father.

“He is just the biggest inspiration to me, because you wouldn’t necessarily think of a kid who has cerebral palsy, which is what I have, being able to participate in a triathlon of that magnitude, with some of the best athletes in the world,” Johnny Agar said. “He is willing to pull me and push me in the race for 140.6 miles so I get to know the feeling of what it feels like to cross the finish line.”

Becki Agar, Jeff’s wife, told ABC News that she is incredibly proud of her son and husband.

“Johnny has always wanted to be an athlete, he has always looked up to his dad in that way, but it was so hard for Johnny to participate in organized sports,” Becki Agar said. “I don’t think Jeff will do it otherwise. Johnny is quite a motivator for Jeff.”

She added that her husband will try to finish the Ironman World Championships ahead of the 17-time limit, despite pushing and pulling Johnny the whole way, so that Johnny has time to walk the last mile of the race.

“For him, walking a mile is like you or me running a marathon,” Becki Agar told ABC News. “He has to think about every movement he makes in order to get his leg where it needs to be.”

“Jeff is very focused, he never complains. He knows it is something Johnny wants to do,” she added, noting that her husband and son have inspired people in their community, who will often make signs and cheer for Johnny when he walks during a race.

The father-son team will compete in the Ironman World Championships on Oct. 8, you can follow the family’s training at their team website.

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

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After Flint Water Crisis, Pediatricians Call to Better Protect Children From Lead

iStock/Thinkstock(FLINT, Mich.) — A national pediatrician group is calling for the medical community and government leaders to make major changes to reduce the amount of lead to which children can be exposed.

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) released a statement in the journal Pediatrics calling for stricter regulations and expanding federal resources to help prevent poisoning and exposure to lead — a known cause of brain damage — in children. The announcement comes as the city of Flint, Michigan continues dealing with the aftermath of a change in the source of its municipal water system that resulted in elevated lead levels, exposing children to the neurotoxin.

Dr. Aparna Bole, Medical Director of Community Integration at University Hospitals at Rainbow Babies & Children’s in Cleveland, said that the Flint crisis helped draw the public’s attention to the ongoing problem.

“What this policy statement is calling out is that primary prevention is what we should be focusing on,” Boyle told ABC News. “Many of our efforts responding to lead poisoning, we wait for the child to be identified before we intervene.”

“We need to take stronger steps to prevent that exposure in the first place,” Boyle added.

While the AAP has said in the past there is “no safe” level of lead, previous AAP guidelines had identified 10 micrograms of lead per deciliters of blood as a “level of concern.”

However, the group now believes even half that amount can pose problems. They said new studies have shown children have increased risk for multiple developmental and behavioral problems including lowered IQ, hyperactivity and aggression, when they have under 5 microcrams of lead per deciliter of blood.

“We now know that there is no safe level of blood lead concentration for children, and the best ‘treatment’ for lead poisoning is to prevent any exposure before it happens,” Dr. Jennifer Lowry, chair of the AAP Council on Environmental Health and an author of the policy statement, said today. “Most existing lead standards fail to protect children. They provide only an illusion of safety. Instead we need to expand the funding and technical guidance for local and state governments to remove lead hazards from children’s homes, and we need federal standards that will truly protect children.”

To combat lead exposure in children, the AAP has made multiple recommendations including having the federal government provide more resources and funding for housing agencies to continue lead poisoning prevention, for the CDC to monitor national lead exposures and help formulate interventions and for local and state governments to collect, analyze and publish blood lead test results.

The AAP is also calling for state and federal governments to provide resources for children found to have raised lead levels in their blood, above 5 micrograms per deciliter.

For doctors, the AAP now recommends pediatricians screen children between 12 and 24 months for elevated blood lead concentrations if they live in areas where 25 percent or more of housing was built before 1960. The AAP estimated approximately 37 million homes in the United States still contain lead-based paint.

“Eliminating lead from anywhere children can be exposed to it should be a national priority,” AAP President Dr. Benard Dreyer, said in a statement today. “The drinking water crisis in Flint was just one indication of how our country’s aging infrastructure is jeopardizing children’s health, especially in areas already dealing with toxic effects of poverty.”

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Many Sports-Related Concussions May Go Untreated in Children, Study Finds

iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — Nearly 2 million children may be suffering sports- and recreation-related concussions (SRRCs) every year, and many of those may go untreated, according to a new study published Monday.

Researchers from the University of Washington and Seattle Children’s Research Institute, together with colleagues at the University of Colorado, found that between 1.1 and 1.9 million children may suffer an SRRC every year.

The researchers came to these findings, published in the medical journal Pediatrics, after analyzing three national databases that contained injury information reported to various healthcare settings, including emergency departments, inpatient and outpatient medical providers, and certified high school athletic trainers.

Alarmingly, researchers estimated that between 511,590 and 1,240,972 SRRCs went untreated in children under 18 each year.

The study comes as concerns over concussions and their long-term effects on the brain have increasingly gained attention, especially as related to chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE).

Concussions, which are a mild form of traumatic brain injury, can be the result of any direct blow to the head. They can also be caused by any impact to the body that is strong enough to shake the brain inside the skull.

Dr. Steven Flanagan, chair of Rehabilitation Medicine at NYU Langone Medical Center and an expert in traumatic brain injuries including concussions, said more attention needs to be paid to concussive injuries and identifying teens or other children with these injuries early.

He pointed concussive impacts can cause bruising of the brain or can cause the nerve cells to twist or stretch, causing injury. Whenever a concussion is suspected, the athlete should be taken out of play until they are evaluated and cleared by a healthcare provider. This is to avoid what Flanagan calls “second impact syndrome,” which occurs when a child or adolescent sustains another concussion without fully recovering from the first. Although extremely rare, this can lead to massive brain swelling that can lead to severe brain damage, according to Flanagan.

However, Flanagan stresses that “the most important aspect with regards to concussion is recognizing it.”

So what signs should parents be aware of? It’s important to remember that a concussion is not always accompanied by a loss of consciousness. Symptoms that may occur at the time of injury include feeling dazed or confused, blurred vision, or amnesia for the time of the injury. Additional symptoms later on may include difficulty paying attention, becoming more irritable, or sleepiness. Most people with a concussion will get better within days to a couple weeks.

Certain symptoms indicate a need for immediate evaluation by a healthcare provider. These include nausea, vomiting, worsening headache, trouble staying awake, or if symptoms don’t clear up after a few days.

“Many folks get worried about concussions, and rightfully so, but the vast majority really do well over a short period of time,” said Flanagan. However, he notes that parents know their children best, and advises that “when in doubt, seek out professional help.”

According to Flanagan, the most generally accepted treatment early on is physical and cognitive rest, which includes limiting time spent watching TV or reading.

Dr. Alex Diamond, a pediatric sports medicine specialist and director of the Program for Injury Prevention in Youth Sports at Vanderbilt, said that the significance of this study lies in the fact that “the number of concussions that we’ve all been reporting is probably less than what it is in reality. There is an entire vulnerable population of kids that we’re missing.”

While high school athletes have easy access to people trained in recognizing concussive symptoms, many children may be injured during free play or during recreational sports.

Per Diamond, “What we have to do is address this population group and provide better ways for parents or other people involved in recreational sports or play to understand what the potential signs and symptoms are, how to better recognize and respond to them.”

He also noted that there is a disparity in the amount of money and resources provided to children not participating in an organized sport versus those who are, especially as medical providers are increasingly promoting more physical activity for all children and adolescents.

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Summer ‘Skin Detox’ Tips from Celebrity Nutritionist Paula Simpson

iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — It’s the first day of summer, but your skin is stuck in mid-winter? How to freshen up fast? A skin detox — from the inside out — might do the trick.

“Most of the time when we hear about detoxes, we assume we are talking about a liver detox,” said Paula Simpson, Celebrity Beauty Nutritionist. “If your skin isn’t looking as good as you’d like, a skin detox may help improve its condition and help you look more radiant and healthy for the summer months,” Simpson said.

Simpson shared with ABC News her top skin detox tips. Though you don’t need to follow every tip below, Simpson says the more you follow, the better the results. For best results, your skin detox should last four weeks.

Bonus: since this skin detox cleanses from the inside our, you should expect to not only look better, but feel better too.

1. Feed your Gut.

“Through food and supplementation, certain strains of probiotics have been shown to re-balance and detoxify intestinal microflora that indirectly have a positive effect on several skin conditions, known as the brain/gut/skin axis,” Simpson said. One of the best known probiotic foods is live-cultured yogurt, she said. Bonus if you can make it at home, because, according to her, “many popular brands are filled with high fructose corn syrup, artificial sweeteners, and artificial flavors.”

Simpson also recommends miso “one the mainstays of traditional Japanese medicine and is commonly used in macrobiotic cooking as a digestive regulator.”

Also from Asia, she suggests Kimchi, n Asian form of pickled sauerkraut typically served alongside meals in Korea. “Kimchi is also a great source of beta-carotene, calcium, iron and vitamins A, C, B1 and B2,” she said. Other options: asparagus, garlic and beans – these foods are fuel for good bacteria.

2. Eat your Antioxidants

“Zeaxanthin is a carotenoid and a very strong skin antioxidant that protects your body’s cells from dangerous free radicals,” Simpson said. Zeaxanthin is found in leafy green vegetables, yellow and orange peppers, corn, and eggs. “Consuming antioxidant rich foods such as deep-colored berries, peppers, beets, tomatoes help to ward off reactive free radicals that can depress skin immunity and slow down skin metabolism and cellular renewal.”

3. Start with Lemon

Start your day off with warm water and squeezed lemon, Simpson suggests. “Lemons are a staple of many detox diets, and there is good reason. They’re packed with antioxidant vitamin C and have an alkaline effect on the body, so it can help restore the body’s pH balance, benefiting the immune system.”

4. Get your Greens

Kale, spinach, collard greens, Swiss chard — any dark leafy green will get the job done. Because, Simpson said, they are “rich in detoxifying chlorophyll that binds and neutralizes lingering heavy metals, chemicals and pesticides. Full of vitamins and minerals, greens alkaline-ize the body to re-balance pH and reduce acidity, which is often associated with congested skin.”

5. Drink your Tea

Get your green tea daily. “Clinical studies have shown that drinking green tea daily supports skin antioxidant defense against environmental stressors. Teas like nettle, ginger, dandelion, cranberry, and burdock root are known to support digestion, liver, kidney function and stimulate circulation all helping to speeding up toxin removal. Drink two cups of these teas a day for at least one week.”

6. Do Supplement

“I love ZSS Clear Skin,” she said, “because it’s a complete nutrition based skin detox system working from the inside and out. The formulation includes exclusive naturally derived antioxidants, healthy probiotics and botanicals targeted to support the detoxification organs to bring out skin that is clear, balanced and glowing.” Stars like Lisa Vanderpump of Vanderpump Rules and Orange is the New Black’s Dasha Ploanco are said to use the product.

7. Do a Mud Mask

Mud masks pull toxins and waste materials out of your skin, unclog pores, and revitalize dull skin, so they’re good for purification anytime, according to Simpson. “To supersize them for a summer skin detox, slather them on, then step into a steaming hot bath to work the ingredients further into skin.”

8. Exfoliate

“Whenever you need to slough away dead skin cells and encourage new, younger looking cells to emerge, you need to exfoliate. Try exfoliating a couple of more times than your usual routine for one week. After one week go back to your usual regimen.”

9. Go Sweat

Exercise gets your heart beating and your skin sweating, which helps to cleanse toxins from your body. Hot yoga, saunas or steam rooms help to draw out built up toxins in the skin, she said.

10. Cleansing bath

Use your bath to detox your skin by adding a cup of Epsom salts and calming essential oil such as lavender three times per week. “These will draw dirt and other impurities out of your pores, helping your skin to start over fresh.”

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Teen Gets Heart Transplant Day After Spending Prom at Hospital

iStock/Thinkstock(SEATTLE) — A Seattle teen says she feels “awake” again after getting a heart transplant the day after celebrating prom in the hospital.

The surgery was eight years in the making since Isabella Anderson was told at age 10 that she would likely need a heart transplant to stay alive. Diagnosed as a child with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, Anderson’s heart muscle was thickened causing the organ not work effectively.

“It’s pretty uncommon,” Anderson told ABC News. “The way I was describing it was one of [hearts] muscles was thick, but as time progressed the entire heart was dilated.”

For the first years of her illness, Anderson’s doctors were able to keep her mostly out of the hospital with a careful balance of monitoring and medication. But starting last year, Anderson’s condition started to quickly decline. Doctors implanted a special defibrillator aimed at keeping her heart beating in a regular rhythm and this year Anderson suffered a stroke in March. While the stroke symptoms were not permanent, doctors felt she was no longer well enough to stay outside the hospital.

“I declined very rapidly, I had an extremely normal seven or eight years of childhood and then I got sick very fast,” Anderson said.

The teen’s health decline also coincided with her senior year of high school. Earlier this month, Anderson said she was pretty upset on her prom night.

“I was feeling the difference between me and my peers,” Anderson said. “That day it was really hard. Sometimes it just hits you how different you are,” from other students.

To cheer her up, Anderson’s mother and other staff in the ICU conspired to put together a little surprise. Anderson’s mother brought over a dress and her sister did the teen’s hair and makeup.

“I was really excited about it and it was great, then surprise after surprise,” Anderson said. “The ICU doctor … his wife had made me a flower corsage and he brought me some sparkling cider and some little champagne flutes. For me that was one of the best moments.”

Anderson’s favorite nurse was even able to sneak her and her family to the hospital’s rooftop garden after closing hours.

“It was even more awesome when we got up stairs,” Anderson said. The nurses and staff “told me their proms stories and [Anderson’s favorite nurse] Danny had never had a prom. So we were joking that we each other’s prom dates.”

Afterwards, Anderson said she felt so happy, she was no longer bothered by the fact she missed her own prom.

“That night, I told [my mother] that was just what I needed and now I can wait,” Anderson said. “The next morning the doctor comes in and says, ‘We have some news for you.'”

After months of waiting, heart was finally available for the teen.

“I was less nervous than I thought I was going to be,” Anderson said of the heart transplant operation. “I really have a lot of trust in these people.”

After waiting eight long years, on June 7 Anderson got a new heart. The teen said after she woke up she could tell almost instantly that her new heart was working more effectively.

“It’s kind of been like I’ve been woken up again. My mind has sprung back into action,” Anderson said. “When you’re so sick, you kind of let things go. You can’t care about things so much.”

Anderson said now she actually has energy to walk up stairs or start a political conversation. Most importantly the teen is finally getting out of the hospital just in time to go to her graduation tonight.

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Parents of Rare Identical Triplets Tell Them Apart by Toenail Color

Courtesy of the Fradel Family(WAKE FOREST, N.C.) — In a rare, one-in-a-million occurrence, one North Carolina couple welcomed a set of identical triplets last month.

The Fradel girls, Grace, Stella and Emily, were born on May 6 and while they’re as cute as can be, even proud parents Gavin and Kimberly Fradel have trouble telling them apart.

“We paint their toenails all different colors,” Gavin Fradel told ABC News of how he and his wife distinguish their daughters. “Emily has blue, Grace has yellow and Stella has purple.”

Back in November, Fradel, of Wake Forest, North Carolina, received a surprising phone call from his pregnant wife Kimberly, who was visiting the doctor to check up on their baby.

“She started crying and she was like, ‘Do you know how many kids were having?'” Fradel recalled. “I said, ‘Twins,’ and she said, ‘No, we’re having triplets.'” A cloud went over my face and I said, ‘Are you serious?'”

He added: “This all happened naturally. We were trying to get pregnant for about a month and it happened pretty quickly. We got three out of the deal.”

Fradel said that as far as he’s aware, multiples do not run in either his or his wife’s families. Kimberly did not use any fertility drugs during her pregnancy, he said.

Grace and Stella were born a few seconds apart at 11:37 a.m., followed by Stella at 11:38 a.m.

They join their big brother, Gavin Jr., 2, who visited the girls while they were in the NICU.

“He turns around and said, ‘Daddy, take them back'” Fradel said, laughing. “I hugged him and said, ‘Son, I can’t take them back. They’re your sisters.’ Today, Gavin kisses them on their heads, gives the bottles to my wife and he’s such a good big brother to them.”

With three small babies in the house, the Fradels now go through 30 diapers and one whole can of formula per day. Fradel and mom Kimberly operate in shifts so she’s able to pump for breastfeeding as well, Fredal explained.

In addition to their painted toe nails, the girls all have the same birthmark in a different spots, which makes it easier for their parents to identify them, Fradal said.

“Our family has been very supportive,” Fradel said. “There’s a lot of work, but we’re getting it done. I love them. They are just beautiful little girls.”

Kimberly Fradel said she thanks the UNC Maternal Fetal Medicine, their NICU and the Ronald McDonald House of Chapel Hill for caring for her triplets.

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The Truth Behind the Dreaded ‘Superbug’

iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — What’s the real story behind the notorious “superbug” that triggered nationwide fear and panic about an impending post-antibiotic era?

In the first episode of ABC News Pulse Check, infectious disease specialist Dr. Pritish Tosh weighs in on the rare strain of E. coli bacteria that infected one Pennsylvania woman. The bacteria was found to be resistant to a harsh and rarely-used antibiotic called colistin.

“We are increasingly seeing situations where people are getting infected with bacteria that are resistant to many if not all of the antibiotics [we currently use],” Tosh said.

However, the bacteria was still vulnerable to another more common antibiotic — and the woman is now doing well, according to a recent statement by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

While antibiotic resistance is a serious and growing issue, scientists in the U.S. have not yet discovered a bacteria that is resistant to all antibiotics. So, how do we prevent this monster myth from becoming a reality?

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