Review Category : Health

Most Americans Believe Religion Is the Answer to Today’s Problems

iStockphoto/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — According to a new Gallup Values and Beliefs survey, a majority of Americans believe that religion holds the answer to today’s problems.

In the poll, 57 percent of 1,000 adults surveyed agreed with that statement.

Those who were more inclined to put their faith in faith were older, conservative, and generally from the South.

However, the result is a far cry from the 1950s, when Americans seemed to have a lot more belief in a higher authority. Back then, 82 percent said religious was the answer to problems.

As of now, 30 percent of Americans say that depending on religion as a cure for problems is, “old fashioned and out of date.”

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Childhood Tuberculosis Cases May Be 25 Percent Higher than Estimates

Ingram Publishing/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — A new study found that current estimates on the rate of childhood tuberculosis in a selection of 22 countries around the world may be about 25 percent higher than current estimates.

The study, published in the journal Lancet Global Health found that about 15 million children are exposed to tuberculosis every year, and that 53 million children are living with latent tuberculosis infection, which can become active at any time.

Despite those numbers, the researchers estimate that about 650,000 children develop tuberculosis in those nations each year. That is about 25 percent higher than the World Health Organization’s estimate in 2012, which stated that about 530,000 cases of active tuberculosis are developed each year in children under 15.

The new study counts factors such as age, vaccination efficacy and the effect of HIV infection, compared to the WHO estimates, which rely on pediatric case reporting.

Researchers say that their findings offer a huge opportunity to provide preventive antibiotic treatment for the 15 million children living in a home with an adult who is infected with tuberculosis.

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Underage Drinkers More Affected by Ads from Popular Brands

iStockphoto/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — A new study from Johns Hopkins University found that advertising done by top alcohol brands may be drawing in consumers below the legal drinking age.

The study, published in the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, used data from magazine ads in 2011, and found that men between the ages of 18 and 20 were nine times as likely to be influenced by ads from popular brands than by all other alcohol brands. Similarly, women in the same age range were 5.5 times as likely to to be influenced by the ads from popular companies.

Interestingly, the ads in places that underage drinkers were more likely to be affected by were also less likely to resonate with legal drinkers between the age of 21 and 25.

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Underage Drinkers More Affected by Ads from Popular Brands

iStockphoto/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — A new study from Johns Hopkins University found that advertising done by top alcohol brands may be drawing in consumers below the legal drinking age.

The study, published in the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, used data from magazine ads in 2011, and found that men between the ages of 18 and 20 were nine times as likely to be influenced by ads from popular brands than by all other alcohol brands. Similarly, women in the same age range were 5.5 times as likely to to be influenced by the ads from popular companies.

Interestingly, the ads in places that underage drinkers were more likely to be affected by were also less likely to resonate with legal drinkers between the age of 21 and 25.

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Hospital Pharmacist Charged in Theft of Nearly 200,000 Pills

iStockphoto/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — The former Pharmacy Director at Beth Israel Medical Center was arrested on Tuesday and charged in the largest-ever theft of pills by a hospital worker prosecuted in New York City.

Anthony D’Alessandro, who worked at the hospital for 14 years, was arrested in Staten Island on Tuesday morning. He allegedly had been stealing oxycodone pills since 2009, securing almost 200,000 pills — which had a street value of approximately $5.6 million.

The Special Narcotics Prosecutor for the City of New York charged D’Alessandro with operating as a major trafficker under New York State’s Drug Kingpin Statute. In addition, D’Alessandro faces charges of grand larceny and 247 counts of criminal possession of a controlled substance.

The theft was uncovered when Mount Sinai Medical Center merged with Continuum Health Partners. The new administration received an anonymous letter and accompanying documentation, the prosecutor says.

D’Alessandro was responsible for overseeing all medication at Beth Israel Medical Center and allegedly used his position to steal pills on at least 218 separate dates. The thefts started out in the range of 100 to 500 pills per day, but by January 2014, D’Alessandro was allegedly stealing up to 1,500 pills in a single day, prosecutors charge.

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Hospital Pharmacist Charged in Theft of Nearly 200,000 Pills

iStockphoto/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — The former Pharmacy Director at Beth Israel Medical Center was arrested on Tuesday and charged in the largest-ever theft of pills by a hospital worker prosecuted in New York City.

Anthony D’Alessandro, who worked at the hospital for 14 years, was arrested in Staten Island on Tuesday morning. He allegedly had been stealing oxycodone pills since 2009, securing almost 200,000 pills — which had a street value of approximately $5.6 million.

The Special Narcotics Prosecutor for the City of New York charged D’Alessandro with operating as a major trafficker under New York State’s Drug Kingpin Statute. In addition, D’Alessandro faces charges of grand larceny and 247 counts of criminal possession of a controlled substance.

The theft was uncovered when Mount Sinai Medical Center merged with Continuum Health Partners. The new administration received an anonymous letter and accompanying documentation, the prosecutor says.

D’Alessandro was responsible for overseeing all medication at Beth Israel Medical Center and allegedly used his position to steal pills on at least 218 separate dates. The thefts started out in the range of 100 to 500 pills per day, but by January 2014, D’Alessandro was allegedly stealing up to 1,500 pills in a single day, prosecutors charge.

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Scientist Untangles Mystery of Jumbled Headphones

Photos.com/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — A physicist may have solved the mystery of tangled headphones.

Robert Matthews, a visiting scientist at Aston University in Birmingham, England, has developed a mathematical theory that explains why headphones invariably tangle up into hopeless knots. It’s called the “Murphy’s Law of String” or the “Loop Conjecture,” and it’s a phenomenon that has driven headphone users bonkers since before the Walkman was popular.

Matthews’ years of study suggest that clipping the two earbuds together, then attaching them to the end near the audio jack to form a loop, will cause a tenfold reduction in knot formation.

“First, by forming the loop you’ve effectively reduced the length of string able to explore the 3D space by 50 percent, which makes a big difference,” Matthews said. “Second, you’ve also eliminated the two ends, which are the prime movers of knot formation.”

To test his theory, Matthews invited schools across England to participate in “the Great British Knot Experiment.” Participants compared different types of knots to determine which are the easiest to unravel. One school picked away at over 12,000 jumbled strings to provide data for Matthews’ predictions, he said.

Matthews, who has also studied why toast wants to fall butter side down, said he’s particularly satisfied that he was able to tie up the loose ends on headphone tangles.

“I hope it saves people a lot of grief,” he said.

He added that tangles are no trivial question for science. His work may help cast light on why DNA sometimes forms knotty mutations, and how knot formations in cancer cells can be undone with targeted drugs.

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Scientist Untangles Mystery of Jumbled Headphones

Photos.com/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — A physicist may have solved the mystery of tangled headphones.

Robert Matthews, a visiting scientist at Aston University in Birmingham, England, has developed a mathematical theory that explains why headphones invariably tangle up into hopeless knots. It’s called the “Murphy’s Law of String” or the “Loop Conjecture,” and it’s a phenomenon that has driven headphone users bonkers since before the Walkman was popular.

Matthews’ years of study suggest that clipping the two earbuds together, then attaching them to the end near the audio jack to form a loop, will cause a tenfold reduction in knot formation.

“First, by forming the loop you’ve effectively reduced the length of string able to explore the 3D space by 50 percent, which makes a big difference,” Matthews said. “Second, you’ve also eliminated the two ends, which are the prime movers of knot formation.”

To test his theory, Matthews invited schools across England to participate in “the Great British Knot Experiment.” Participants compared different types of knots to determine which are the easiest to unravel. One school picked away at over 12,000 jumbled strings to provide data for Matthews’ predictions, he said.

Matthews, who has also studied why toast wants to fall butter side down, said he’s particularly satisfied that he was able to tie up the loose ends on headphone tangles.

“I hope it saves people a lot of grief,” he said.

He added that tangles are no trivial question for science. His work may help cast light on why DNA sometimes forms knotty mutations, and how knot formations in cancer cells can be undone with targeted drugs.

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Sports Psychologist Helps Brazil Cope with Loss of Neymar

GABRIEL BOUYS/AFP/Getty Images(SAO PAULO, Brazil) — While Brazil mourns the loss of superstar striker Neymar following his back injury at the World Cup, a sports psychologist has been brought in to help boost the spirits of the host nation’s team ahead of its semifinal clash Tuesday with Germany.

The woman who is making Brazil’s players feel “at ease” is Regina Brandao, a psychologist and university professor who has been in Brazilian coach Luis Felipe Scolari’s inner circle since the late 1990s.

Brandao worked with the Brazilian team at the 2002 World Cup (a tournament it won) and the Portuguese national team at the Euro Cup in 2004 to make sure players were mentally prepared to withstand the rush of emotions on and off the field.

“My job is to draw up a psychological profile of each of the players,” Brandao said in an interview with the New York Times in December 2013. “It is to help Scolari with the individual and the collective. It is to understand how each player feels and how that affects the way they play.”

If ever there was a time Brandao was needed, it’s now.

The seemingly unstoppable Neymar, the team’s leading scorer at this World Cup, was knocked out of the tournament this past Friday after being kneed in the back in a collision with Colombia’s Juan Camilo Zuniga during the quarterfinals.

Neymar, who suffered a fractured vertebra, was carried off the pitch in pain — leaving the Brazilian team and its fans downtrodden, even after beating Colombia 2-1.

In an emotional video released by the Brazilian soccer federation on Saturday, Neymar urged his team and fans to stay strong.

“My dream is not over yet. It was interrupted by one move, but it will continue and I’m certain that my teammates will do whatever possible so I can fulfill my dream of being a champion,” he said in the taped message. “I won’t be able to fulfill the dream of playing in a World Cup final, but I’m sure they will win this one, they will become champions, and I will be there with them, and all of Brazil will be celebrating together.”

It is unclear where Neymar will be watching the match against Germany Tuesday, however Brazil also faces a second setback. Team captain Thiago Silva is suspended for the match after picking up two yellow cards.

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Sports Psychologist Helps Brazil Cope with Loss of Neymar

GABRIEL BOUYS/AFP/Getty Images(SAO PAULO, Brazil) — While Brazil mourns the loss of superstar striker Neymar following his back injury at the World Cup, a sports psychologist has been brought in to help boost the spirits of the host nation’s team ahead of its semifinal clash Tuesday with Germany.

The woman who is making Brazil’s players feel “at ease” is Regina Brandao, a psychologist and university professor who has been in Brazilian coach Luis Felipe Scolari’s inner circle since the late 1990s.

Brandao worked with the Brazilian team at the 2002 World Cup (a tournament it won) and the Portuguese national team at the Euro Cup in 2004 to make sure players were mentally prepared to withstand the rush of emotions on and off the field.

“My job is to draw up a psychological profile of each of the players,” Brandao said in an interview with the New York Times in December 2013. “It is to help Scolari with the individual and the collective. It is to understand how each player feels and how that affects the way they play.”

If ever there was a time Brandao was needed, it’s now.

The seemingly unstoppable Neymar, the team’s leading scorer at this World Cup, was knocked out of the tournament this past Friday after being kneed in the back in a collision with Colombia’s Juan Camilo Zuniga during the quarterfinals.

Neymar, who suffered a fractured vertebra, was carried off the pitch in pain — leaving the Brazilian team and its fans downtrodden, even after beating Colombia 2-1.

In an emotional video released by the Brazilian soccer federation on Saturday, Neymar urged his team and fans to stay strong.

“My dream is not over yet. It was interrupted by one move, but it will continue and I’m certain that my teammates will do whatever possible so I can fulfill my dream of being a champion,” he said in the taped message. “I won’t be able to fulfill the dream of playing in a World Cup final, but I’m sure they will win this one, they will become champions, and I will be there with them, and all of Brazil will be celebrating together.”

It is unclear where Neymar will be watching the match against Germany Tuesday, however Brazil also faces a second setback. Team captain Thiago Silva is suspended for the match after picking up two yellow cards.

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