Review Category : Health

Five Beach Body Fit Tips from “Extreme Weight Loss” Host Chris Powell

ABC/Heidi Gutman(NEW YORK) — Warm weather is here, and for many, that means thoughts of dropping a few pounds to be ready for the beach.

Chris Powell, master fitness trainer and host of ABC’s Extreme Weight Loss, appeared on Good Morning America Tuesday to share his five summer slim down tips.

Chris’s Tips:

  1. Drink a gallon of water every day. You don’t have to drink it all at once, but make sure your total water consumption for the day equals a gallon.
  2. Cut sugar, sodium and fatty foods from your diet.
  3. Implement a carb cycle, which means that you eat carbs on one day but not on the next.
  4. Remember resistance training.
  5. Keep up the cardio. It’s important to get your heart rate up, and the best way to do that is to run. Powell said people can start with 10 minutes of running a day and increase five minutes per week.

Check out Powell’s recipe for protein waffles or chicken tostadas.

ABC US News | ABC International News

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Family Could Break GoFundMe Record to Save Child with Rare Disorder

Courtesy O’Neill family(NEW YORK) — The O’Neill family has been racing the clock to fund a cure for their 4-year-old daughter’s rare, terminal disorder, and in the process, they’re on track to break a fundraising record on GoFundMe.com.

Since early April, the O’Neills have raised more than $777,000 toward a cure for Sanfilippo syndrome, the deadly genetic disorder that’s now barely detectable in their daughter Eliza. It means she lacks an enzyme to break down heparin sulfate, which naturally occurs in cells, causing it to build up over time, causing a variety of medical problems. The result is that Eliza will lose the ability to speak by her 5th birthday, the O’Neills say, and she’ll die before she reaches her 20s.

“The O’Neill family’s efforts are a true testament of two parents’ unwavering love for their daughter, and the willingness to do whatever it takes to reach their goal,” GoFundMe CEO Brad Damphousse told ABC News.

All forms of Sanfilippo affect one in 70,000 births, according to the National Institutes of Health. Because funding for rare diseases is hard to come by, parents often wind up spearheading fundraising efforts.

about how the O’Neill’s video spread. | Watch Eliza’s brother explain her disease.

Researchers Doug McCarty and Haiyan Fu of Nationwide Children’s Hospital in Columbus, Ohio, have been working on a cure for about 16 years. They’ve found a gene therapy treatment that works in mice, and they hope to try it in humans. But setting up a clinical trial takes money –- about $2 million that they don’t have.

Desperate to help his daughter, Eliza’s father, Glenn O’Neill said he googled “how to make a viral video” and found filmmaker Benjamin Von Wong. Von Wong agreed to shoot and launch a video about Eliza to promote a GoFundMe fundraiser toward Sanfilippo research.

Now, they are about $31,000 away from breaking the GoFundMe record, which stands at $808,845 for Boston Marathon bombing victim Jeff Bauman. Celeste and Sydney Corcoran, two other Boston Marathon bombing victims, are in second place with $794,335.

The O’Neills announced Tuesday that the money raised so far is going toward making the drugs that will be used in the clinical trial, but they will still need to raise another $1 million this summer and fall to make it a reality by the end of the year.

“The first major step towards saving our daughter is complete,” the O’Neills said in a statement Tuesday. “The medicine will be ready in December and Eliza and others like her will have the chance to get the treatment they so desperately need.”

Damphousse said GoFundMe’s medical category is its most popular.

“The most successful fundraising campaigns are those that evoke strong emotions,” Damphousse said. “People are far more likely to support someone they know — especially when an individual’s well-being is on the line. Accordingly, GoFundMe campaigns related to medical emergencies, illnesses or accidents have always raised more money in less time than other, less urgent causes.”

Glenn O’Neill told ABC News that Eliza sometimes gets extra attention because of the campaign, but she doesn’t understand why. Since she’s shy, she covers her face when people recognize her from the viral videos. Overall, she’s doing well, he said.

“We do notice things related to the syndrome in the way that she processes information,” O’Neill told ABC News. “She is not regressing on anything though and still learning — just at a slow pace and behind her peers.”

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Study: Increased Screenings Helped Prevent Over 500,000 Colorectal Cancers

Purestock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — A new study found that more than 500,000 colorectal cancers were prevented by screening in the United States between 1976 and 2009.

The study, published in the journal Cancer, was conducted by experts at Yale University. In the 33-year span, increased numbers of men and women underwent regular cancer screening tests, including colonoscopies, sigmoidoscopies and fecal occult blood testing.

Experts say the testing contributed significantly to the decrease in colorectal cancer rates. In all, researchers claim 555,000 cancers were prevented.

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Airline Looking to Fine Passengers Who Disrupt Flights

Digital Vision/Photodisc/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — It’s not your imagination: Airlines are reporting more and more drunk and unstable passengers losing it in the air.

Recent stories include a drunk passenger who tried to break into the cockpit of a Virgin Australia flight in April to an unruly passenger in 2013 who needed to be tied to his seat with duct tape and zip ties during an Iceland Air flight from Reykjavik to New York’s John F. Kennedy Airport.

The airlines, which are meeting in Doha, Qatar, Monday, say they are fed up after more than 8,200 incidents were reported worldwide last year — that’s up from more than 5,200 in 2012.

For now, their solutions include intense training for flight attendants and encouraging airlines to go after problem passengers for the cost of these disruptions — as much as $200,000 each instance for diverted flights, covering passengers who miss connections, extra fuel and ground crew costs.

However, current international law makes it tough for airlines to collect from passengers who cost them so much.

“We have tricks,” said former flight attendant Heather Poole. “Their Jack [Daniels] and Coke might become a lot of Coke and very little Jack.”

Sylvester Pittman, who worked as a flight attendant for 15 years, said he’d seen it all. He writes on the industry and trains workers in customer service. He said taking away alcoholic drinks would make things worse.

“You’d have a lot more people upset,” he said. “You’d have a lot more people drinking in the airport bars.”

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Paralyzed Teen Walks to Accept High School Diploma

ABC News(SHINGLE SPRINGS, Calif.) — Zachary Pickett was a 16-year-old lifeguard and high school water polo player in Shingle Springs, California, when a swimming accident left him paralyzed from the chest down and confined to a wheelchair.

But Pickett, 18, surprised his classmates at Ponderosa High School Friday when he got out of his wheelchair and walked across the stage to accept his high school diploma.

“I was focusing more on the walking part,” Pickett told ABC News when asked what it was like to hear his classmates, family and friends erupt in cheers. “It was nice to be able to do and nice to be able to get it over with.”

Pickett was a lifeguard at a lake looking forward to his junior year of high school when, in August of 2012, he dove into the lake and hit a sandbar, breaking his C7 vertebra, the portion of the spinal column that descends from the skull.

The teenager spent 10 days in the hospital followed by a three-month rehabilitation at the Shriners Hospital for Children in Northern California.

Pickett returned to his high school in the fall of that same year and managed to graduate on time with his class despite his medical challenges. After many months of twice-weekly physical therapy sessions, Pickett took his first steps and set his sights on graduation day.

“Ever since I started seeing some recovery, I knew it would be a good thing to be able to do,” he said. “I started with a walker and then have been moving to a cane, just trying to get progressively better at it.”

Pickett says doctors told him at the time of his injury that they did not know what his future would hold.

“It’s not really like the movies where they say, ‘You’ll never walk again,’” Pickett said. “They didn’t want to say you wouldn’t walk again but didn’t want to say you would to give you false hope.”

Pickett is now looking even farther ahead, to college and his freshman year at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles, a nearly six-hour drive from his Sacramento-area home, where he plans to study business.

Pickett, who has full use of his arms, says he will also continue with his physical therapy to see what else he can accomplish.

“I don’t know,” he said of his own prognosis. “I know it’s definitely going to be a lot more years if I want to be back to normal, which I don’t know will ever happen. I’m just trying to adapt to what I can do and to strengthen my legs and core to be as physically good as I can be with what I can do.”

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E-Cigarette TV Ads Target Kids, Study Finds

(NEW YORK) — Cigarette ads may have been banned from television since 1971, but that hasn’t stopped electronic cigarette makers from placing TV ads likely to be seen by children and young adults.

Researchers at Research Triangle Institute International found that between 2011 and 2013, e-cigarette TV advertisements that reached children increased by 256 percent, and those that reached young adults increased by 321 percent.

“TV is the primary way advertisers target youth, and these results aren’t surprising given that e-cigarette brands have been purchased by tobacco companies, who’ve had major advertising budget increases,” said study author Dr. Jennifer Duke. “It is very surprising that youth and young adult exposure is rising so rapidly.”

Duke and her team found that 80 percent of the ads were for the same company, Blu eCigs, and that the ads were airing on networks such as Comedy Central and VH1.

E-cigarettes, battery-operated nicotine inhalers, have been met with controversy as researchers scramble to determine their health risks. The Food and Drug Administration announced earlier this year that it would begin regulating e-cigarettes.

“There are regulations currently in place to prevent youth-oriented flavorings in traditional cigarettes, but this regulation does not extend to e-cigarettes,” said Dr. Brian Primack, a pediatrics professor at the University of Pittsburgh who was not involved in the study. “As a result, marketers see the potential value of targeting this product to them.”

E-cigarettes are available in flavors like bubble gum and apple, and they come in a different colors.

The percentage of middle and high school students using e-cigarettes more than doubled between 2011 and 2012, according the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It’s survey found that in one year, students using e-cigarettes went from 4.7 percent to 10 percent.

“Youth exposure to nicotine can cause changes in the developing brain that favor continued use of nicotine at later stages in life,” Duke said.

The Smoke Free Alternatives Trade Association, an e-cigarette industry organization, told ABC News its members do not support or engage in advertising to minors. However, the group said too many restrictions on e-cigarette advertising may be “counterproductive” because “ads are an important source of information and education about the rapidly changing technology behind vapor products.”

Blu Cigs sets limitations on advertising placement to be sure it’s reaching audiences that are made up of at least 85 percent adults “in an effort to minimize any potential exposure to minors,” according to a company statement sent to ABC News.

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Video Explaining Child’s Transgender Identification Goes Viral

iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — A YouTube video with over three million views tells the story of just one child but it has many people talking.

The seven-minute video explains the story of a 6-year-old transgender child, Ryland Whittington, who was born a girl but, according to her parents, began insisting she was a boy as soon as she could speak.

“This is my sister Brynly, and I’m her brother, Ryland,” a young Ryland can be heard saying in the video, posted last week to his family’s YouTube page.

The video’s narrative explains that Ryland’s parents, Jeff and Hillary Whittington, discovered around Ryland’s first birthday that their daughter was deaf. After being fitted with cochlear implants and learning to hear and speak, some of Ryland’s first words were, “I am a boy.”

The Whittingtons, who declined to comment, said they consulted with professionals and soon realized that Ryland’s desire to be a boy was more than just a tomboy phase.

“With phases they just come and go or kids try things on for a little while,” San Diego-based gender therapist Darlene Tando told ABC News. “But with gender identity, when a child is transgender, typically nothing fades in or out. It just really stays the same for a long time.”

The Whittingtons then made the decision to change Ryland’s identity, cutting his hair, referring to Ryland only as “he” and sending a letter to family and friends about the change.

“There are huge benefits of doing this earlier in life,” said Tando. “It’s really just like they have been given this gift that everyone around them starts seeing them for who they are.”

Ryland himself spoke out about his transition at an event last month in the family’s home state of California honoring the Whittington family.

“My name is Ryland Michael Whittington,” he said at the sixth annual Harvey Milk Diversity Breakfast in San Diego. “I’m a transgender kid. I am 6. I am a cool kid.”

“I am the happiest I have ever been in my whole life,” Ryland said at the breakfast. “Thank you to my parents.”

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Marathoner, 91, Smokes the Competition

Brenny Thompson(SAN DIEGO) — Most nonagenarians are happy if they can still tie their shoes. Harriet Thompson not only laced hers up, she smoked the competition at the Rock ‘n’ Roll San Diego Marathon Sunday.

The 91-year-old from Charlotte, North Carolina, finished the 26.2-mile course in a time of seven hours, seven minutes and 42 seconds, shattering the marathon distance record for 90- to 94-year-old women by more than an hour and a half. Her average pace was about 16 minutes a mile.

“I was tired at one point going up a hill and wasn’t sure if I could finish, but then I felt fine,” Thompson told ABC News Monday.

Thompson said her legs are recovering pretty well, especially considering she recently underwent nine rounds of radiation on them for cancer treatment. She raised more than $90,000 for the Leukemia and Lymphoma Society’s Team in Training.

This was Thompson’s 15th appearance in the Southern California race. She made her debut at the age of 76 in 1999. Treatment for oral cancer kept her out of last year’s race. It also prevented her from training as much as she would have liked this year, although she managed to sneak in a 5K race just last weekend.

“She is an amazing woman though I’m not as surprised by her accomplishments as everyone else is,” said Thompson’s son, Brenny, 55, who ran the race with her.

Runner’s World reported that Thompson is the second oldest woman to compete in a marathon, after 92-year-old Gladys Burrill, who completed the Honolulu Marathon in 2010.

“We’re seeing more and more people of all ages entering marathons as they discover that running is something that can keep you fit for a lifetime,” said Tish Hamilton, the executive editor of Runner’s World.

Thompson said she’ll rest up for a few days and begin training again shortly.

“I hope to run the race next year even faster if I’m still around,” she said.

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Diet Before Pregnancy Can Be Crucial

Fuse/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — If you are what you eat, an expectant mother’s diet can also have a profound effect on her child.

However, a study published in the journal Nature Communications goes even further by urging women of child-bearing age to begin eating healthy before they conceive and after they know they are pregnant.

Experts say that nutrition during conception is crucial to the healthy development of a baby’s brain.

Among the food choices women should make are those rich in B-vitamins and folic acids, which include green leafy vegetables, citrus fruits, breads, pasta and rice.

Doctors also recommend that women either pregnant or trying to get pregnant should take folic acid supplements as well.

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Digital Devices Also Affect Lavatory Habits

iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — Newspapers and magazines are losing out to digital devices in restrooms too.

Lysol No Mess Max’s survey of 1,000 adults says that Americans spend an average of 16 minutes daily reading from their smartphones and tablets while on the toilet.

Overall, 38 percent say this is a normal routine, while 70 percent of respondents 18-34 admit it’s part of their daily ritual.

Of course, people aren’t just reading the news or a feature while on the pot. Here’s what business they use their digital devices for while doing their “business”:

  • Read a tweet, Instagram feed or Facebook update — 57 percent
  • Purchased clothes online — 54 percent
  • E-mailed a boss, co-worker or client — 36 percent
  • Bought groceries online — 31 percent
  • Viewed a friend’s profile — 27 percent
  • Viewed a family member’s profile — 24 percent
  • Sent a text — 24 percent
  • Posted or “Liked” Facebook content — 17 percent
  • Posted a Vine (Don’t ask) — Five percent

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