Review Category : Health

Dad Takes On Breastfeeding Shamers in Viral Facebook Video

Lauren Smith(MIAMI) — Bring it, breastfeeding shamers.

A Florida dad recently took on naysayers in a video posted to Facebook that calls attention to the hypocrisy and absurdity of their requests.

The video shows the father of two, Brock Smith, sympathizing with his 9-week-old daughter by attempting to eat his lunch under the cover of a blanket. “I wish I didn’t have to eat with a blanket over my head,” he says, reaching around the table.

“As a dad and a husband … I’ve had enough of this asinine argument,” he captioned the video.

The video, which was then posted to the popular page Breastfeeding Mama Talks, has since been viewed more than 147,000 times.

“We just think it’s ridiculous that people have an issue with something women were created to do,” Smith told ABC News.

“We can’t imagine having to eat underneath a covering,” he added. “The day the video was taken, it was 104 degrees. So for people who do have an issue, put yourself in the baby’s shoes.”

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

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Mom ‘in Tears’ Over Inspiring Letter Teacher Sent to Her Son with Autism

Courtesy Gail Twist(ST HELENS, England) — One U.K. mom was brought to tears last week after her son’s teacher mailed him an uplifting note following the completion of a standardized test.

“I just didn’t expect it at all,” Gail Twist of St. Helens, United Kingdom, told ABC News Monday. “For someone to take the time to think about it and write that, it shocked me. It just broke me. It’s great when there’s something positive to share about such a wonderful teacher.”

Twist said her son Ben, 11, was diagnosed with autism at 5 years old.

Ben attends the sixth grade at Lansbury Bridge School and Sports College in St. Helens. In second grade, students take stage one of their SATs in various subjects and then measured again in grade six, Twist said.

Lansbury is a school for children with special needs. Ben was the only child in his school to take the SATs this year, his teacher’s assistant Ruth Clarkson confirmed to ABC News Monday.

On July 8, Twist received Ben’s test results from Clarkson. Ben also received a special letter from Clarkson, who commended him on his many strengths and abilities, highlighting that the SATs “only measure a little bit” of who he is as a person and as a student.

Clarkson goes on to list talents Ben possesses, such as his kindness, ability to keep friends and musical talent, among others.

“… These are all of the things we measure to reassure us that you are always making progress and continuing to develop as a lovely bright young man,” Clarkson wrote on behalf of the five teachers in his class. “Well done Ben, we are very proud of you.”

Twist posted the letter onto Twitter July 9, where it has since received more than 2,000 shares.

“All the staffers are just shining examples of what an educators should be,” she said of Ben’s teachers. “They did it because they care and I think that’s just so important.”

“We’re absolutely thrilled that Ben and his family are so happy,” Clarkson told ABC News. “We are very proud of Ben. It’s a letter that I’d send to any young person in year 6 that has worked as heard as Ben has.”

As for Ben’s reaction to the letter, his mother said he thinks it’s “awesome.”

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

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‘Superbug’ E. Coli Found for Just Second Time in US

Ian Cuming/Getty Images(NEW YORK) — For just the second time in the U.S., researchers have found evidence of an E. coli bacteria that is genetically resistant to a last-resort antibiotic, according to a new report published today in the medical journal Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy.

The “superbug” has a specific gene that makes it resistant to treatment from colistin, an antibiotic often used by doctors as a last resort for antibiotic-resistant infections, the report states.

In this case, the bacteria was genetically resistant to colisitin, but not to other forms of antibiotics that could be used to kill the E. coli bacteria. However, researchers are concerned that these bacteria could transfer genes to E. coli and other forms of bacteria that are already resistant to all forms of antibiotics except colisitin, leading to the chance of a fully antibiotic-resistant strain of bacteria. Researchers are especially concerned about the possibility that the gene could be transferred within the family of bacteria called Enterobacteriaceae, which includes E. coli. Different bacterial strains in that family of bacteria are already largely resistant to many kind of antibiotics in the U.S.

Researchers found the strain by testing 13,562 E. coli strains collected at hospitals across the globe. They found 19 strains had the gene mcr-1 that makes E.coli resistant to colistin. In a single case, that strain was found in the U.S.

Researchers said the global findings are alarming because it means there may be an increasing likelihood of having outbreaks from E. coli bacteria that totally resistant to antibiotics.

“The fact that the gene has been detected in food livestock and raw meat is also concerning,” said report co-author Mariana Castanheira, director for Molecular and Microbiology at JMI Laboratories.

Dr. Frank Esper, a pediatric infectious disease specialist at University Hospitals Case Medical Center, said the report was alarming, but not surprising for infectious disease experts.

“It’s basically a wake up call,” Esper told ABC News. “It’s only going to be a matter of time where the perfect storm happens…. Next thing you know you throw your hands up and say we’re out of ammunition,” to fight certain infections.

Dr. William Schaffner, an infectious disease expert at Vanderbilt University Medical Center, said health experts have been worried for years that there will be a rise in completely drug-resistant bacteria, especially since there have been few antibiotic breakthroughs in recent years.

Schaffner said there are several things that need to happen to minimize the chance of creating antibiotic-resistant bacteria.

“[One], we prescribe antibiotics much more prudentially…. No. 2, we have to stop using antibiotics as freely as we do in our food industry,” said Schaffner. “No. 3, we need to energize and create environments so pharmaceutical companies will once again start” developing antibiotics.

Schaffner said many pharmaceutical companies have little incentive to create new antibiotics since they are usually used sparingly, for a limited time, and because the bacteria immediately start to become resistant to them, making them more likely to be useless.

But Schaffner emphasized that more needs to be done to develop new antibiotics since there could be a spike of antibiotic-resistant bacteria outbreaks in the coming years.

“Developing new antibiotics is a long-term commitment and we think in terms of five to 10 years,” he said. “As that Chinese proverb states, ‘the longest journey begins with first steps.’ We ought to make those steps now because we’re going to need those new antibiotics years from now.”

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

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Your Body: Extended Breast Cancer Treatment

Photodisc/ThinkstockBy DR. JENNIFER ASHTON, ABC News Senior Medical Contributor

Extended treatment for breast cancer could prevent progression, according to researchers.

For patients with hormone receptor positive breast cancer, which accounts for two-thirds of breast cancer cases, the current after treatment includes five years of a daily hormonal pill. That pill serves both to control the cancer and to prevent recurrence.

Researchers from the U.S. and Canada have found that extending the life of that therapy from five years to 10 years helps to prevent progression or recurrence of disease.

The information, presented at the American Society of Clinical Oncology meeting, reveals that recurrence over a five-year period occurred in only 5 percent of patients who took 10 years of pills like Tamoxifen compared to 9 percent of those who received placebo.

This is highly anticipated data, and most cancer specialists anticipate that, in the future, guidelines will change to reflect this.

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Five Arrested After Autistic Woman Found Living in Backyard Cage

iStock/Thinkstock(AMITE, La.) — Five people were arrested this week after a 22-year-old autistic woman was found living in a cage outside.

The Tangipahoa Parish Sheriff’s Office said the woman was found wandering around the backyard of a house on Rushing Lane in Amite, Louisiana, after they received a tip that people living there kept her locked up, according to ABC News affiliate WGNO-TV.

The woman’s living conditions included a cage with a blue tarp over it and a five-gallon bucket where she could defecate, WGNO-TV reported.

Deputies said she was found looking malnourished with many insect bites, according to WGNO-TV, and Tangipahoa Parish Sheriff Daniel Edwards said she could have been living there since October 2015.

The woman was handed over to the Louisiana Department of Health and four juveniles were taken to the state Department of Child and Family Services, WGNO-TV reported.

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Three Simple Ways to Keep Kids Safe in Summer Crowds

iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — Amusement parks, fireworks displays and beaches are all part of summer fun. They’re also full of crowds. Keeping track of the kids can be challenging so here are three simple ideas for keeping the kids safe in crowds this summer:

1. Liquid Band Aid — no need to save it for bruises and cuts. Simply write your phone number on your child’s arm, for example, and cover it with liquid band aid to keep it from rubbing off. That way if your child gets separated from you, a good Samaritan can reach you easily and quickly. Cost: $7.

2. Glow Sticks — The kids will love them, and they’re an easy way to spot your kids once the sun goes down. Necklaces, bracelet or both — a simple and fun way to spot your kids easily in the dark. Cost: $10 for 50 on Amazon.

3. Bright-colored clothing — It’s been common wisdom to put bright clothes on the kids, but it’s something adults should be doing too. Your child will be able to spot you more quickly in a crowd if you’re wearing a neon green T-shirt rather than a white tank top. Be sure to play the “What am I Wearing” game before you leave the house — this goes for all family members. And if you can, snap a photo before leaving. Hopefully it’ll only be used for fond memories, but just in case someone looking for your child needs a description, you’ll have a same-day snap to share. Cost: Free.

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Jaycee Dugard on Reclaiming Her Life After Being Held Captive for 18 Years

Christina Ng/ABC News(LAKE TAHOE, Calif.) — Looking at Jaycee Dugard today, you would never know that this seemingly carefree woman, laughing and singing along to the car radio, endured nearly two decades of unimaginable horrors.

“I feel like I have lived a lot of lifetimes,” Dugard told ABC News’ Diane Sawyer in an exclusive television interview.

Dugard was 11 when she was kidnapped by Phillip and Nancy Garrido in 1991 near her Lake Tahoe, California, home. She was held captive for 18 years and gave birth to two daughters, fathered by Phillip Garrido, while she was their prisoner.

Dugard, now 36, first detailed her horrific experience in her 2011 bestselling book, “A Stolen Life: A Memoir,” and now has a second book, “Freedom: My Book of Firsts,” about moving on after those years in captivity, which is due out July 12.

Dugard sat down with ABC’s Diane Sawyer for a special edition of “20/20” to air today at 10 p.m. ET, her third interview with Sawyer since she first spoke about her horrendous experience in 2011 and talked about what she went through, her miraculous rescue and how she’s is reacclimating to society.

When Phillip Garrido and his wife kidnapped Dugard, he was a convicted sex offender on parole for a previous abduction and rape. He had been sentenced to 50 years in prison but was released after serving 11 years.

Dugard said he shocked her with a stun gun to get her into their car, and Nancy Garrido held her down in the back. Then they drove her 120 miles away to their home near San Francisco, which had a collection of rundown sheds and storage units hidden in the backyard.

When Dugard talks about what happened, she refers to it as “The prison backyard.”

“There’s no denying it. I don’t want to deny it … what it was like being in the backyard,” Dugard said. “It was so much a part of my life. … It’s always there, in the back of my mind. It never really goes away.”

The first day, Dugard said Garrido stripped off her clothes, walked her into a shed and put her in handcuffs. He burned her favorite little pink outfit she had on. Five days later, he raped her for the first time.

“My first taste of pure evil,” Dugard said. “Maybe I didn’t register that and go, ‘Oh my God, you’re evil,’ but … there’s something inside of you that knows this is not right.”

At first, Dugard said her only connection to the outside world was a little TV set Phillip Garrido gave her, which was set to the QVC channel. She remembers falling asleep to the sound of jewelry being sold and being grateful for the sound of human voices.

Dugard said Garrido also made threats, warning her that if she tried to escape, there were dogs outside the shed door or he threatened to sell her to someone else. He forbade her from using her real name and instead called her “Allissa.”

“I remember one night when he dressed me up … and asked [me to] look in the mirror,” Dugard wrote in her book. “All I saw was a frightened girl who I didn’t even recognize with mascara running down her cheeks, and the saddest face I had ever glimpsed staring back at me.

“I had to avert my eyes quickly,” she added. “I did not want to provoke the sleeping dragon.”

More than two years into her captivity, Dugard learned she was pregnant and gave birth at age 14 to her first daughter. In 1997, Dugard gave birth to her second daughter.

Parole officers came to the Garridos’ house a stunning 60 times to check on Phillip Garrido and didn’t check the sheds behind the fence in the backyard. Garrido was also given a GPS tracker, which apparently wasn’t monitored closely.

“You can clearly see him going to the secret backyard … and they would have been able to spot how much time he was spending there,” Dugard said.

Dugard and her daughters were rescued in 2009. Phillip Garrido had been called in for questioning by his parole officer after being alerted by University of California-Berkeley campus security that Garrido was on campus and acting suspiciously.

Garrido was summoned to the parole office and brought his family with him, including Dugard. After hours of questioning, Dugard, who had not been allowed to say her name for years, wrote it down on a piece of paper. Once authorities realized who she was, Dugard was allowed to call her mother.

“I just said, ‘Come quick.’ I remember saying, ‘Come, come quick,'” Dugard said.

Phillip Garrido pleaded guilty to one count of kidnapping and 13 counts of sexual assault and was sentenced to 431 years in prison. Nancy Garrido pleaded guilty to one count of kidnapping, one count of rape by force and to California’s “one strike” rape law. She was sentenced to 36 years to life in prison.

The state of California awarded Dugard $20 million after a scathing investigation by the Inspector General that concluded that the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation “repeatedly failed to properly classify and supervise parolee Garrido.”

Dugard’s mother, Terry Probyn, said she is still fighting against her anger at the Garridos and the carelessness of the police.

“It does eat at me, still to this day,” Probyn told Sawyer. “I know I have to channel that anger into something good, because it will eat me alive … if I let it.”

Even though her daughter has been home for seven years, Probyn said she still becomes filled with terror when Dugard is out of sight.

“The thoughts flood, ‘Is she going to come back? Am I ever going to see her again?'” Probyn said. “And then I’ll hear her skulking around the kitchen and I’ll think, ‘Oh, it’s OK! She is here, she is home.'”

Since her rescue, Dugard has been coming to a horse ranch as part of her re-entry into the world after being held prisoner. The ranch is owned by her therapist, Dr. Rebecca Bailey, who uses horses to help victims of trauma regain confidence.

“One of the most important things of working with survivors of abduction is allowing them to have choices in every single thing they do,” Bailey said. “Those things happened to her; they’re not who she is.”

After 18 years in isolation, Dugard’s eyes are still sensitive to sunlight. She also had to learn how to be independent and make choices for herself. She says she even had a coach for everyday things such as shopping at the grocery store or writing a check.

Dugard joked that she is living her awkward teen years now as a woman approaching 40, “to try to figure out … who I am,” she said, and learning how to drive, for instance.

She says every day she has to make the choice not to yield to regret, knowing that she now has an opportunity to do the things she once dreamed about in the backyard.

“I didn’t want to give one more minute to Phillip and Nancy … they took 18 years of my life,” Dugard said. “I would like to see them in jail for the rest of their lives. … I don’t really believe in the death penalty. It’s just hard knowing that you’re paying, being a taxpayer now, knowing that you’re paying for his meals three times a day.”

Dugard was 11 when she was kidnapped and has never been on a date, but she is not ruling out having a relationship one day.

“The only time I was asked on a date was when I was like 8 or something like that and I was so shy,” Dugard said. “I didn’t even look up when this boy was asking me to go out with him. He was like 8, too.”

She said she is not on any dating websites or apps, but would look for a guy who was “caring, has a sense of humor and can laugh at stuff” and who also loves to cook. She admitted that her daughters want her to find someone.

“It’s not that I don’t think about that stuff, it’s just there’s no guys in my life like that,” Dugard said. Dugard now travels to medical schools across the country to talk with psychology residents and ask them not to use the term “Stockholm syndrome,” a phrase Dugard finds “degrading.”

“Having my family believe that I was in love with this captor and wanted to stay with him? I mean, that is so far from the truth that it makes me want to throw up,” Dugard said. “It’s disgusting. … I adapted to survive my circumstances. There is just no other way to put it.”

When Dugard was in captivity, she secretly wrote down a sort of “bucket list” of items she thought she would never get to do. The first thing she wrote was, “See mom.”

Today, she works with the JAYC Foundation, and organization she founded to help other trauma victims, and she’s continuing to check off more items from her list, like going on a hot air balloon ride and learning to sail.

“It’s taken a lot of time and it hasn’t come overnight,” she added. “You have to put in the hard work and cry and, for sure, laugh about everything that you can.”

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

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Hillary Clinton Announces New Details to Health Care Plan, Bernie Sanders Applauds

ABC News(NEW YORK) — Hillary Clinton has adopted more of Bernie Sanders’ policy positions, this time on health care, ahead of a possible endorsement next week from the Vermont senator.

Clinton’s campaign announced Saturday morning that she will pursue an expansion of funding for primary care services at community health centers by $40 billion over 10 years, and would also allow individuals below the Medicare age to opt into the program, starting at 55 years old. Both of those proposals are similar to what Sanders has included in his plan.

The former secretary of state’s campaign says Clinton’s plans “will defend and expand upon the Affordable Care Act,” in addition to providing a new tax credit of up to $5,000 for families who face high medical costs.

Sanders applauded Clinton’s new health care plan in a call with reporters Saturday, calling it “significant.”

Today’s proposal by @HillaryClinton is an important step toward expanding health insurance and health care access to millions of Americans.

— Bernie Sanders (@BernieSanders) July 9, 2016

“The Clinton campaign and I are — and our campaigns are coming closer and closer together, in trying to address the major issues facing this country, which is what my campaign was all about,” Sanders said. “And we look forward to continue working with the Clinton campaign and will have more to say I think in the very near future.”

The two campaigns have been in talks about a possible event in New Hampshire next week at which Sanders would endorse Clinton, ABC News has confirmed, according to sources close to his campaign.

While the Vermont senator has said he would vote for Clinton in November, he has withheld his endorsement of the presumptive Democratic nominee as the two campaigns engage in negotiations over policy details for the Democratic Party’s official platform.

An event next week would directly follow the Democratic Party’s Platform Drafting Committee’s final votes over the weekend on its version of the policy document to be presented at the national convention.

Last week, Clinton released an updated version of her plan addressing college affordability, which her staff said was the result of meeting and discussing the issue with Sanders last month.

He said the new plan, which includes making public college tuition free, over time, for students from middle-income families, was “the work of both campaigns.”

He added during a morning press conference in Washington, D.C., that he hoped the two campaigns would reach agreement on other issues “sooner rather than later.”

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Mom Turns Healthy Food Into Famous Characters to Trick Her Son to Eat

Howard Shooter/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — A good number of adults don’t even enjoy eating exotic foods like octopus and fungi, but for 3-year-old Jacob Mohmedi, that’s just another delicious, art-filled meal.

For the past year, his mom, Laleh Mohmedi, of Melbourne, Australia, has been creating these imaginative, healthy meals for her son, shaping the different foods into iconic characters her son enjoys.

“I have always been a strong advocate in healthy organic eating for children,” she told ABC News of her inspiration. “Last May, I decided to turn Jacob’s spelt pancakes into a lion. He absolutely loved it and it progressed from there. Jacob tells me which character he would like for me to make, be it from a book, a movie or something that has caught his eye that day.”

The colorful creations have amassed more than 46,000 followers on Instagram with fans salivating over the healthy meals displayed like Mickey Mouse, Kermit the Frog, Ursula, Elsa and the Mad Hatter, just to name a few.

And yes, Mohmedi said Jacob actually enjoys and eats all of dishes, even the enormous octopus.

Surprisingly, the mom doesn’t have a background in art or design, but said she did always enjoy drawing and painting when she was younger.

Take a look at all of their mesmerizing meals on her Instagram account.

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How Parents Can Protect Their Kids From Predators and How Jaycee Dugard Helps Other Survivors

ABC News(NEW YORK) — Robert Lowery had only been working for the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children for three days when the shocking news broke in 2009 that Jaycee Dugard, who had been missing for 18 years, had been found.

“Jaycee now serves as a visible reminder to us that we could never give up on our children – our missing kids,” Lowery, Vice President of the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC), told ABC News’ Diane Sawyer.

Dugard was just 11 years old when she was kidnapped by Phillip and Nancy Garrido in 1991 near her home in Lake Tahoe, California. She was held captive for 18 years and gave birth to two daughters while she was a prisoner. Dugard and her girls were rescued in 2009 and reunited with her mother, Terry Probyn.

Lowery calls Dugard one of NCMEC’s “heroes” for the way she and her family use her story and experience to help others.

Dugard founded the Jayc Foundation, which helps other victims of trauma and their families recover. For more information on the Jayc Foundation:

“Jaycee reminds us that no matter what happens we don’t give up on these children,” Lowery said. “And at the National Center, we will not close a case until that child has been physically found, no matter what the circumstances. Hope is always going to be there.”

Studies show that about 100 children are taken captive by strangers each year in the United States. Many are rescued but in Jaycee Dugard’s case, law enforcement had many chances to find her but failed over and over for 18 years.

NCMEC’s missing child recovery rate has increased from 62 percent in 1990 to 97 percent today, according to the Center.

Lowery credits new technology as the main reason more children are rescued today.

“We’ve seen a lot of changes in the 25 years since Jaycee Dugard’s been gone. One, we have Amber Alert now, we have stronger laws, we have technology today that didn’t exist when Jaycee was taken,” Lowery told Diane Sawyer.

But Lowery notes, “that doesn’t make it a safer world.” He said that while advancements in technology have helped recover children, technology has also allowed predators into homes via computers where they can lure children online.

“We don’t want to frighten children to the point to where they don’t leave the home or to the point that they don’t go outside and do things that children should do,” Lowery said. “We encourage parents to have frank conversations with their children – telling them things that are common sense, what to do, what not to do.”

Lowery encourages parents to walk their children’s route to school with them, using that as a teaching moment to practice “what if scenarios,” such as what to do if a car pulls up and someone asks for help searching for a lost puppy.

His advice to children who find themselves in this situation is to get away as quickly as possible and find a trusted adult. If someone tries to grab you, kick, scream and do whatever you can to draw attention to the person.

“Yell things like, ‘This is not my father! This is not my mother!’” Lowery said. “So passersby and people that are nearby will see what’s going on.”

Lowery said bystanders can also play an important role in saving a life.

“The public has to understand that they have a role when it comes to victimized children, missing children, abducted children,” Lowery said. “One of the most powerful tools that we have at the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children is engaging the public as the eyes and ears of law enforcement. If they see something, they must say something. They must call 911. They must report it.”

If you see anything strange or suspicious and suspect a child could be in danger, call 1-800-THE-LOST, which is the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children’s hotline. Their website:

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