Review Category : Health

Stories from Moms Who Delivered Blizzard Babies

Paticia Strickland holds twins born in Massachusetts during Monday night’s blizzard. (Courtesy UMass Memorial Medical Center)(NEW YORK) — At 35 weeks pregnant, Paticia Strickland was joking with a friend about what would happen if she went into labor during the storm barreling toward the East Coast this week.

An hour later, she was on all fours as contractions came one after another for 20 minutes until an ambulance could arrive at her home in Worcester, Massachusetts.

“Contractions came out of nowhere,” she told ABC News. “There was no warning at all. They were so strong, I just got the sudden urge to push.”

Strickland’s 5-year-old daughter cried as Strickland left in an ambulance alone after getting a few hugs and well-wishes from her family. All the roads were closed to non-essential traffic because of the snow emergency, so Strickland’s husband couldn’t follow her to the hospital. Worcester was expecting 18 to 20 inches of snow by the time the storm is over.

“I was so scared,” said Strickland, 28, a homemaker with three other children.

As Strickland was sitting up in the back of an ambulance on the way to UMass Memorial Medical Center, her water broke, she said. Seconds later, her son Gabriel was born. But that wasn’t the end of it.

When they pulled up to the hospital, Strickland was rushed to the operating room, where she then delivered baby Aliyah.

“I was only in labor for maybe 40 minutes,” she said. “My first call was to my children’s father to let him know that his children made it into the world.”

When she told him Gabriel was born in the back of an ambulance, she said it sounded like he stopped breathing.

Strickland said she can’t wait to take her “little minions” home. They were born premature, but they’re expected to stay in the hospital only about 10 days, she said.

Meanwhile, in Nantucket, Massachusetts, Danielle Smith went into labor at the height of the storm — just as the power went out.

She wasn’t up to talking to ABC News on Tuesday, but she gave birth to baby Cayden Moore at 3:35 a.m. at Nantucket Cottage Hospital, a hospital official said.

“Cayden was born at the height of the blizzard just after the island had lost power, forcing the hospital to rely on its generator for power,” said hospital spokesman Jason Graziadei.

ABC News’ Boston station WCVB-TV reported on several other New England blizzard babies who just couldn’t wait to make their arrival.

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Study: ‘Targeted’ Biopsy May Help Detect High-Risk Prostate Cancer Early

Stockbyte/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — Researchers at the National Institutes of Health have found a new method that may help detect high-risk prostate cancer early.

According to a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, researchers looked at 1,000 men with either elevated test results or suspicious results from rectal examinations with an MRI to identify suspicious areas of prostate cancer. The patients were then biopsied twice, including once with a standard biopsy method and once with a new “targeted” method.

The results of the study determined that the “targeted” method may be better for differentiating between low-, intermediate- and high-risk cancers.

The procedure for the “targeted” biopsy is the same as the standard biopsy, researchers say, making procedural risks more tolerable. Nonetheless, the study did not follow the participants for an extended period of time, making it impossible to determine the predictability of “targeted” biopsies for long-term outcomes, such as recurrence and mortality.

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Study: ‘Targeted’ Biopsy May Help Detect High-Risk Prostate Cancer Early

Stockbyte/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — Researchers at the National Institutes of Health have found a new method that may help detect high-risk prostate cancer early.

According to a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, researchers looked at 1,000 men with either elevated test results or suspicious results from rectal examinations with an MRI to identify suspicious areas of prostate cancer. The patients were then biopsied twice, including once with a standard biopsy method and once with a new “targeted” method.

The results of the study determined that the “targeted” method may be better for differentiating between low-, intermediate- and high-risk cancers.

The procedure for the “targeted” biopsy is the same as the standard biopsy, researchers say, making procedural risks more tolerable. Nonetheless, the study did not follow the participants for an extended period of time, making it impossible to determine the predictability of “targeted” biopsies for long-term outcomes, such as recurrence and mortality.

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Sugary Drinks Could Be Linked to Earlier Onset of Menstruation

iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — Researchers at Harvard Medical School say that sugary drinks may be linked to the earlier onset of menstruation.

According to a study published in the journal Human Reproduction, researchers surveyed girls between the ages of 9 and 14 who had not yet begun to have their periods, to calculate the amount of sugary drinks they consumed. They found that girls who drank more than 1.5 sugary drinks each day had their first periods about 2.7 months earlier, on average, than those girls who drank two or fewer sugary drinks each week.

Researchers say the results of the study held up even when accounting for other factors, such as ethnicity and BMI, which are believed to affect the onset of menstruation.

Earlier onset of menstruation has been linked to health risks including an increased lifetime risk of breast cancer.

The study shows only a link, not a cause, between consumption of sugary drinks and early menstruation. Researchers note that girls who drank more sugary drinks may also have other dietary habits contributing to the results of the study.

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Blizzard 2015: Dating Sites See Boom During Snow Storm

iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — As millions of people in the Northeast hunkered down during a massive winter storm this week, many took the excuse to stay indoors as a chance for a snow day hook-up.

Some dating sites reported record amounts of traffic over the past 24 hours in New York City and surrounding states, around the same time a storm was walloping the area, dumping as much as two feet of snow from New Jersey to Maine.

Match.com told ABC News exclusively it saw a big jump in the number of people logging on their site.

“For the blizzard states we’re seeing an increase of over 60 percent of email initiations between Match members,” a Match.com spokesperson said.

OKCupid also reported a 10 percent spike in traffic.

Representatives from Tinder didn’t respond to ABC News’ request for user activity stats during the storm but the dating app, along with Facebook and Instagram, reported outages on Monday. Hinge, another popular dating app, declined to provide such numbers.

Some people in New York City even took to Craigslist to post “want ads” for “blizzard boyfriends” and girlfriends, hoping to find someone to snuggle with on the snow day. “Seeking a single 20- to 30-something female who shares my excitement for snow days,” one ad read.

“Seeking snow day make-out buddy” another ad read.

Adam, a Craigslist user who posted one of the snow day ads, said he did it as a joke, and received dozens of responses.

“I figured I’d post it, send it to a few friends for a laugh and maybe get one or two responses, which would also likely generate laughs,” he told ABC News via email. “I truly thought of it as a joke, but one of those could-be-like-1-percent-truthful kind of jokes, because, after all, who doesn’t want a snow-day make-out buddy?.”

Another used named Phil C., who also posted a hook-up ad on Craigslist, said he didn’t receive any responses.

“[I] Think most [people] on Craigslist are so very fake,” he said via email. “All they want to do [is] just ask for a photo, never answer you back.”

Relationship expert Logan Levkoff wasn’t surprised by the uptick in activity on dating sites during the storm.

“Winters may be tough on singles because people can feel lonely during cold bleak times,” Levkoff said. “A blizzard, especially one that traps you indoors, may motivate singles to seek connection.”

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Watch US Soldiers Work in Hot Zone to Build Ebola Treatment Units

John Moore/Getty Images(MONROVIA, Liberia) — The United States military has completed the last of its 17 Ebola treatment units (ETUs) in Liberia.

Rather than contracting out the construction, American soldiers picked up hammers themselves and worked side by side with the Armed Forces of Liberia for the final ETU under Operation United Assistance.

Working 12-hour days in a remote rainforest brought plenty of challenges but also camaraderie rarely seen on a military mission.

Watch the video below as ABC News was there from start to finish to show the building of bonds as well as Ebola treatment blocks:

Maj. Gen. Gary Volesky, who leads the Joint Command task force on the ground, told ABC News that the Department of Defense will decide this month the future of the operation against Ebola and whether to send troops home. About 450 non-essential service members have already returned to the United States. Unlike neighboring Sierra Leone, the spread of the disease has been steadily decreasing in Liberia.

The U.S. military has not only helped build ETUs in Liberia, but troops have also trained more than 1,500 health workers to go into these hot zones. In a mock ETU in the capital Monrovia and in mobile courses in more remote regions, soldiers drilled doctors and other medical staff on how to tackle and treat the dangers of the deadly disease.

Classes covered everything from confronting uncooperative patients to avoiding contamination from bodily fluids and blood, realistically simulated by red ratatouille sauce from the military’s Meals Ready to Eat (better known as MREs).

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Can 36 Questions Create Closeness Between Strangers?

iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — Can you create closeness in 36 questions?

That’s what sociologist Arthur Aron attempts to do. In a study titled “The Experimental Generation of Interpersonal Closeness: A Procedure and Some Preliminary Findings,” published in Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, a journal of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Aron and his co-authors seek to discover whether they can “create closeness in a reasonably short amount of time.” The questions are designed to simplify things and help people get to know each other quickly.

Aron, of the State University of New York at Stony Brook, and his co-authors designed these questions based on a lot of research into how friendships naturally develop.

“The questions gradually get more and more personal, so they begin with questions that are almost small talk and then they move to talk about some of the deepest, most intimate things in your life,” he said.

The questions include the following:

  • Before making a telephone call, do you ever rehearse what you are going to say? Why?
  • If you could change anything about the way you were raised, what would it be?
  • When did you last cry in front of another person? By yourself?

Aron said the the questions gradually get more and more personal.

“They begin with questions that are almost small talk and then they move to talk about some of the deepest, most intimate things in your life,” he said, adding: “There’s reason to think that getting close would facilitate love and feeling romantic feelings.”

He said he and his co-authors designed the questions for strangers, but added that research suggests sharing personal things — as long as it’s reciprocated and both parties are responsive — helps all kinds of relationships.

Samantha Daniels, a professional matchmaker, sees the benefits and drawbacks of the list.

“Well, falling in love really is about chemistry and chemistry is an intangible, but what I say is you need two types of chemistry. You need physical chemistry and then you need mental and emotional chemistry so questions like these help people find that second half, which is the mental and emotional chemistry, but at the same time you have to be careful because you don’t want to cross the line too quickly. You don’t want to ask too many personal questions or pry because that could send you in the wrong direction,” she said.

On a first date, it’s important to not make your date uncomfortable, she said.

“You know, in the 36 questions there’s one asking how you think you’re going to die. You know that’s a little extreme to be asking on a first date,” she said. “I think that that’s off-putting, number one, and it puts you in a really serious, heavy place on a date and you just don’t want to be in that place on a first date because it doesn’t really help.”

Stuart Kenworthy, 28, and Kyle Godfrey-Ryan, 31, are complete strangers who took the 36 questions. They asked each other the questions, and completed the last part of the exercise by staring deeply into each other’s eyes for four minutes.

Asked how the exercise went, Godfrey-Ryan said there was “a lot more connection” than she expected.

“It was really disarming and I felt very vulnerable but happy and comfortable at the same time,” she said.

Added Kenworthy: “I was nervous at first but definitely more comfortable as the questions progressed but I was worried about my answers. ‘Am I smiling too much, do I look nervous’ and as we progressed I became very comfortable with Kyle.”

Godfrey-Ryan she would “definitely have coffee” with Kenworthy, and she believes the questions did what they were designed to do.

“They do work — I believe they work,” she said.

Here are all 36 questions:

Set I

1. Given the choice of anyone in the world, whom would you want as a dinner guest?

2. Would you like to be famous? In what way?

3. Before making a telephone call, do you ever rehearse what you are going to say? Why?

4. What would constitute a “perfect” day for you?

5. When did you last sing to yourself? To someone else?

6. If you were able to live to the age of 90 and retain either the mind or body of a 30-year-old for the last 60 years of your life, which would you want?

7. Do you have a secret hunch about how you will die?

8. Name three things you and your partner appear to have in common.

9. For what in your life do you feel most grateful?

10. If you could change anything about the way you were raised, what would it be?

11. Take four minutes and tell your partner your life story in as much detail as possible.

12. If you could wake up tomorrow having gained any one quality or ability, what would it be?

Set II

13. If a crystal ball could tell you the truth about yourself, your life, the future or anything else, what would you want to know?

14. Is there something that you’ve dreamed of doing for a long time? Why haven’t you done it?

15. What is the greatest accomplishment of your life?

16. What do you value most in a friendship?

17. What is your most treasured memory?

18. What is your most terrible memory?

19. If you knew that in one year you would die suddenly, would you change anything about the way you are now living? Why?

20. What does friendship mean to you?

21. What roles do love and affection play in your life?

22. Alternate sharing something you consider a positive characteristic of your partner. Share a total of five items.

23. How close and warm is your family? Do you feel your childhood was happier than most other people’s?

24. How do you feel about your relationship with your mother?

Set III

25. Make three true “we” statements each. For instance, “We are both in this room feeling …”

26. Complete this sentence: “I wish I had someone with whom I could share …”

27. If you were going to become a close friend with your partner, please share what would be important for him or her to know.

28. Tell your partner what you like about them; be very honest this time, saying things that you might not say to someone you’ve just met.

29. Share with your partner an embarrassing moment in your life.

30. When did you last cry in front of another person? By yourself?

31. Tell your partner something that you like about them already.

32. What, if anything, is too serious to be joked about?

33. If you were to die this evening with no opportunity to communicate with anyone, what would you most regret not having told someone? Why haven’t you told them yet?

34. Your house, containing everything you own, catches fire. After saving your loved ones and pets, you have time to safely make a final dash to save any one item. What would it be? Why?

35. Of all the people in your family, whose death would you find most disturbing? Why?

36. Share a personal problem and ask your partner’s advice on how he or she might handle it. Also, ask your partner to reflect back to you how you seem to be feeling about the problem you have chosen.

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Scientists Crack Code on How to Un-Boil a Hard-Boiled Egg

iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — Scientists have cracked the code for un-boiling hard-boiled egg whites and it could have huge implications for cancer research.

Egg whites are made of proteins that start out with a certain shape, explained Gregory Weiss, a professor of chemistry and molecular biology at the University of California, Irvine, and the experiment’s lead researcher.

“Once you boil them, the proteins stay intact but they change their conformation,” he said.

This is a big deal because even chemists assumed once you hard-boiled an egg it was game over, Weiss explained. But his team has been able to reverse the process so that proteins can be recovered and reused.

In a sort of scientific magic trick, Weiss and his team first peeled the egg whites away from the yolks and soaked them in a chemical called urea to dissolve them. They then placed them in a device called a “vortex fluid machine,” which spins the whites at high speeds to restore them to their original state.

The process is complete in minutes rather than days, Weiss said, and this is good news for those who use similar proteins in cancer research.

Certain proteins are quite useful in the lab but they tend to mis-fold into the wrong format, rendering a large portion of them useless. This new method is a quick and simple way to coax them back into their initial forms and prevent them from clumping up inside lab instruments.

“We are already using it in our cancer research here,” Weiss said, adding that he hoped the technique will be used on a larger scale within the next few years.

However, don’t expect this discovery to revolutionize fine dining. While it’s certainly possible to reverse a hard-boiled yolk, Weiss said they haven’t yet bothered trying. And, he said, it’s also theoretically possible to un-cook a chicken but the process would make it taste awful.

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Seven in 10 Have a Favorable View of the CDC

James Gathany, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention(WASHINGTON) — During the midst of last fall’s panic in the U.S. over Ebola, there was a lot of grumbling about how the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention seemed to have dropped the ball in its response to the possible spread of the deadly virus.

However, after all is said and done, the CDC still comes on top when 1,500 adults were asked their opinions about various government agencies in a new Pew Research Center poll.

Seventy percent of respondents expressed a favorable view of the CDC, which has come under some recent fire over the relative ineffectiveness of a vaccine used to battle this winter’s flu epidemic. Meanwhile, 23 percent of Americans said they have an unfavorable view of the CDC.

Two federal agencies, NASA and the Defense Department, also received favorable marks of 68 percent and 65 percent respectively.

Of the eight agencies reviewed, only the Internal Revenue Service was reviewed more disfavorably than favorably, 48 percent to 45 percent.

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Study Links Insomnia with Greater Risk of High Blood Pressure

iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — Insomnia is the most common sleep complaint in the U.S., but a new study indicates that a lack of sleep could be associated with greater risk of high blood pressure.

According to the study, published in the journal Hypertension, researchers analyzing data from over 200 individuals with chronic insomnia and 96 normal sleepers found that the longer it took to fall asleep, the greater the risk of hypertension. Specifically, researchers measured the amount of time it took each group to fall asleep during four “nap episodes.” Blood pressure readings were taken both before the naps and the morning after.

Participants who took more than 14 minutes to fall asleep had a 300-percent higher rate of high blood pressure, researchers found. They thus associated physiological hyperarousal with risk of hypertension.

Still, this study was limited in that it only monitored subjects for one night, and the blood pressure test was not completed directly after the nap. More research is necessary to determine whether there is a causal effect between difficulty sleeping and high blood pressure.

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