Review Category : Health

Three Millionth Silicon Valley Resident Born

Kaiser Permanente(SANTA CLARA, Calif.) — The Danners had no idea when they went to give birth to their first baby that he would be honored as the three millionth Silicon Valley resident.

Baby Max arrived Monday morning at Kaiser Permanente Santa Clara Medical Center, and his birth marked the symbolic three millionth resident of the region known for it’s technology companies, including Facebook and Apple.

A new person comes to Silicon Valley — by plane, bus, train, car or, yes, by being born — approximately every 16 minutes, according to Joint Venture. The group’s population and economic study estimated that the area’s three millionth resident would arrive by mid-morning on Monday, and the hospital decided to celebrate a baby born around that time — Max Danner.

The Danners were showered with gift baskets and congratulations, and new mother Bing Yuan Danner said she’ll absolutely tell Max about his special arrival someday.

“I hope he can become a scientist and artist,” she told KGO-TV, ABC News’ San Francisco station.

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Teen Gymnast Beats Odds, Awakens from Coma

iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — Pat Hyland’s 14-year-old son had been in a coma for 5 weeks when he heard the faintest puckering sound after bending down to give the unconscious boy a kiss.

He and his wife froze.

“My wife goes, ‘He just kissed back,'” Hyland recalled in an interview with ABC News. “That’s how I knew my boy was there. That gave us our first sign of hope.”

Weeks earlier, their son, Blake Hyland, had hit his head on concrete while trying a new gymnastics trick. While Blake was falling, Pat Hyland was pulling into the parking lot to pick him up from practice. As he entered, a woman ran past, telling the receptionist to call 9-1-1.

“I realized I didn’t see him,” Hyland said. “I realized I saw somebody looking down into the pit, and I saw him laying down in there.”

At the hospital, Baylor Scott and White Hillcrest Medical Center in Waco, Texas, doctors told the Hylands that Blake had hit his head with so much force, it was as if he fell off a 10-story building. They learned that Blake had suffered several strokes and a subdural hematoma and that they needed to temporarily remove part of his skull while his brain swelled.

Once they flew Blake down to Cook Children’s Hospital in Dallas, doctors gave him a 50-50 chance of survival.

Ten days after the accident, doctors and hospital clergy sat down with Hyland and his wife, Cindy, and said they wished they had better news, but Blake had suffered a traumatic brain injury, damaging his temporal and frontal lobes. They said he would never be the same.

“I remember grabbing Cindy’s hand in that room,” Pat Hyland said. “We said we really appreciate their diagnosis. They’re professionals. But our God is greater than that. And that our son will walk out of this hospital one day. They said, ‘We hope you prove us wrong.'”

They did.

The day after giving his father a kiss, Blake opened his eyes. Little by little, he learned to speak and move again. It’s now been 15 months, and Blake, now 16, is set to return to the 10th grade in Waco in the fall. He still has trouble with his short-term memory and has some trouble getting around, but he says he wouldn’t change what happened to him.

“For him to be cognitively back to where he is, it’s a miracle,” Hyland told ABC News.

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Childhood Maltreatment Linked to Adult Sleep Problems

iStock/Thinkstock(TORONTO) — Sleep problems can be attributed to a variety of factors, including physical condition, diet and stress.

However, researchers in Canada are now discovering that the difficulty some people having either falling or staying asleep can be traced to abuse and neglect they experienced when they were youngsters.

In fact, the joint study done at the University of Toronto, University of Ottawa, and Western University suggests that victims of childhood maltreatment are twice as likely to have sleep problems than people who didn’t go through this trauma.

The various kinds of abuse and neglect included witnessing violence; getting hit, slapped, punched, punched, bitten or kicked; or being victimized sexually.

To reach their findings, the researchers analyzed the data of 19,000 people with about 15 percent who complained of trouble sleeping. Among that group, half acknowledged some childhood maltreatment.

The researchers said each adversity experienced under the age of 18 increases the odds of sleep problems by 10 percent.

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Our Brains Respond Differently to Nighttime Snacking

Wavebreak Media/Thinkstock(PROVO, Utah) — After a long hard day, there’s nothing like plopping down in front of the TV with a bowl of your favorite snacks. And once that bowl is empty, you wonder, “Why am I still hungry?”

Scientists at Brigham Young University believe they have the answer: it’s because some areas of your brain don’t get that same feeling of satisfaction in the evening than they do during the rest of the day.

Lead study author Travis Masterson says they discovered that by using MRIs to see how the brain responds to images of high- and low-calorie foods at various times.

He explains that at night, there’s not the same reward-related brain reactivity to snacks, particularly those higher in calories, which explains why people eat more to make up for that lack of a “food high” that occurs regularly during other parts of the day.

What’s more, people also tend to be interested with eating at night even though they aren’t any more hungry or feeling less full than the morning or afternoon.

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Keeping Secrets at Work May Be Bad for Your Health

Photodisc/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — People, by nature, love hearing secrets. What they don’t like as much is being told to keep a secret.

Michael Slepian, an assistant professor of negotiations at Columbia Business School, says it might actually be better for your physical and mental well-being to spills the beans, particularly at work, if it’s relatively harmless gossip.

According to Slepian, “The burden of secrecy can make things around you appear more challenging and if you’re less motivated to tackle these challenges, your performance can suffer.”

Meanwhile, he also compares the effort made to keep quiet to lugging around a physical weight, which can deplete your energy.

In another of the study’s findings, it turns out that men, rather than women, are quicker to blab about something that they were told in confidence. Half the guys surveyed said it only takes a few minutes to start gossiping while women tend to hang on for about three-and-a-half hours.

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Adults Want Some Control of Teens in Self-Driving Cars

iStock/Thinkstock(PITTSBURGH) — Self-driving cars are still years away from hitting the nation’s roads but already, people are considering the ramifications of having teens operating these vehicles.

In a survey of 1,000 adults from 18 to 70, researchers at Carnegie Mellon University discovered that 84 percent want certain controls installed in self-driving cars that would make them safer for younger, less experienced operators.

These features would include setting a maximum speed the vehicles can travel at as well as a curfew time. Most respondents would also like to limit the number of teen passengers in self-driving cars.

Other controls favored by a majority of those taking the survey involve limiting the range a self-driving car can travel with teens inside. Also, most people want a text display that would enable parents to communicate with their kids.

The Carnegie Mellon researchers believe that various controls, sensors and computing technology in driver-less cars will reduce the number of accidents that kill and injure teen motorists. Vehicular accidents are the leading cause of teen deaths in the U.S.

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Skinny Mom’s 6-Pack Abs Are Back Just Weeks After Giving Birth

sarahstage/Instagram(NEW YORK) — The woman whose tiny pregnant belly caused a social media uproar is back, and she’s brought her six-pack abs and a bikini.

Just a few weeks after giving birth, Sarah Stage, 30, took a break from posting photos of her newborn to snap a selfie in a white bikini with the hashtags “#postpartum” and “#MomLife.”

“As long as the baby is healthy I don’t think anything else matters,” Stage told Good Morning America in March. “That should be the most important thing.”

Stage’s photos of her barely-there belly caused a social media debate over whether the model looked fit or famished. Despite being in her third trimester, Stage had defined abs.

She gave birth on April 14 to James Hunter, Stage’s representative confirmed to ABC News at the time.

Four days later, Stage was back on Instagram, posting a photo of her slim figure. She wrote that she’d gained 28 pounds in all.

Dr. Jennifer Ashton, ABC News medical contributor and a practicing obstetrician and gynecologist, said at the time that she predicted Stage’s body would snap back into shape very quickly after seeing her barely-there belly photos.

“She was in excellent shape to start,” Ashton said in April. “She exercised before her pregnancy and all throughout her pregnancy and she ate well.”

At 8 pounds, 7 ounces, Stage’s son, James Hunter, was no lightweight. But Ashton said because Stage had gained the appropriate amount of weight, she could see her belly would flatten out quickly. It also helped that she is still young and this is her first baby, Ashton added.

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Hugh Jackman Goes Step Further in Sunscreen Push

Hugh Jackman has teamed up with a sunscreen brand made in America to help protect children from the damaging effects of the sun. ABC News(NEW YORK) — Hugh Jackman has joined forces with a sunscreen brand to protect children from an enemy he’s faced thrice: skin cancer.

“You try and put sunscreen on a kid, it’s literally like herding cats,” said Jackman, known for his role as Wolverine in the X-Men franchise.

With Pure Sun Defense, which is made in Texas, the Australian actor is helping to make affordable children’s sunscreen — and hoping that the brand’s use of cartoon characters draws young children’s attention and educates them to the sun’s effects on their skin. Jackman is also the co-founder and executive director of the Pure Growth Group, which developed the Pure Sun Defense sunscreen line.

The youngest of five children, Jackman said he spent his childhood outdoors, trying to keep up with his brothers under the blazing sun. He said he was not told to apply sunscreen.

“It was all outdoors,” he told ABC News. “I don’t think my dad or mom ever bought it or made us put it on…..The thing I remember most, the rule about being outdoors was you weren’t allowed to swim within half an hour of eating….And it’s not true.”

What is true, according to the publication JAMA Dermatology, is that one in five Americans will develop skin cancer at some point in their lives.

Jackman said it was while filming X-Men that he noticed a speck of blood on his nose.

“I thought somewhere in the fight, I hit myself, right, which is not unusual,” he said. “I casually mentioned this to my wife, who’s like, ‘Get it checked. You’ve gotta get it checked.'”

He waited two months. When he finally did get checked by a doctor, in 2013, the doctor informed him that it was skin cancer. Jackman was diagnosed with the most common and least dangerous: basal cell carcinoma. Jackman then took a picture of himself and posted it to Instagram, warning fans and followers to wear sunscreen.

“He actually, in real time, in my office, was sending Instagrams,” dermatologist Dr. Michael Albom said. “That’s very unique.”

These days, Jackman said, his children are the ones looking out for him.

“You know, it worries them,” he said. “They’re always saying to me, ‘You know, Dad, sit in the shade.'”

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Olympian Bryan Clay Uses Javelin Throw to Pull Daughter’s Loose Tooth

Photo by Christian Petersen/Getty Images(NEW YORK) — Bryan Clay is a retired Olympic athlete, so when his 5-year-old daughter’s tooth became loose, he didn’t just pull it out with a piece of string.

He tied some floss to the loose tooth, tied the other end of the floss to his javelin, and let fly. It did the trick.

“I don’t think she felt it at all,” Clay, 35, told ABC News in a Wednesday interview, describing his youngest child as a “daredevil.” He added: “She had a great time.”

The unusual idea actually came as a result of a talk between his wife and his daughter, Clay said. The Glendora, California, man said loose tooth removals have always been a special occasion in his family. After older children, Jake, 10, and Kate, 8, had their loose teeth out, the family would go for ice cream.

“Of course our number three sees brother and sister having those experiences and can’t wait for her teeth to fall out,” he said. “So she had a loose tooth and so she wanted me to pull it out, I said, ‘No, no, no,’ I’m not going to do it. It’s not ready yet.”

Ellie, he said, “wiggled and wiggled” the tooth for days until it “was just barely hanging on,” he said, and then his wife and other children gave the little girl suggestions for how to remove the tooth. His wife, Sarah, was the one who came up with the javelin throw idea.

On Tuesday, the family went to Clay’s alma mater, Azusa Pacific University, for the event. Clay tweeted video of the unorthodox tooth removal and was amazed at how quickly it was shared.

“We really posted only for just, kind of so family and friends could see it and be a part of it. You know it’s that age where it’s such a fun experience and so we posted it just so grandmas and grandpas could see it, and uncles and aunties….We really didn’t expect it to kind of take off,” he said.

Clay, who won the decathlon at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, is a motivational speaker and consultant. He recently started a small tech company that’s developing a fitness franchise. His company is also in beta testing on a fitness app. The app, which will work with the Apple Watch, will be available in the app store soon, he said.

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US Is Only Industrialized Nation Without Paid Maternity Leave

evgenyatamanenko/iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — In time for Mother’s Day, advocates for paid family leave are reminding people that the U.S. is only one of three countries in the world that don’t offer paid maternity leave. The other two countries are Papua New Guinea and Suriname.

A Better Balance, a New York-based national legal advocacy group that promotes workplace fairness for families, released a report Wednesday titled “Investing in Our Families: The Case for Paid Family Leave in New York and the Nation.”

“For workers without paid family leave, taking time off to care for a new baby or a seriously ill loved one can have devastating long-term financial consequences, ranging from racking up credit card debt to raiding savings to bankruptcy,” Dina Bakst, co-founder and co-president of A Better Balance, told ABC News. “Paid family leave would provide a critical safety net for these working families in their times of need.”

The United Nations’ International Labour Organization said last year that out of the 185 countries and territories with available data, all but three provide cash benefits to women during maternity leave. Oman, Papua New Guinea and the United States provide some form of maternity leave but have no overall law for cash benefits. Since then, Oman established paid maternity leave, the World Bank reports, while the World Policy Forum reports that Suriname, which did not have data available for the U.N. report, does not. The World Policy Forum also notes five small Pacific Island states don’t offer paid maternity leave: Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Nauru, Palau, and Tonga.

In some countries, cash benefits are only available for a specific number of births. In Malaysia, cash benefits are offered for a woman’s first five children, the U.N. report said, while Lesotho provides cash benefits paid by the employer to certain categories of workers.

But the International Labour Organization’s committee of experts discourages drawing on sick leave benefits instead of maternity leave benefits, saying it’s contrary to its standards on maternity protection. The organization states that “the practice has the effect of unduly shortening the worker’s right to sickness benefits in the postnatal period, when she might need them most, and leading to potential discrimination against women.”

In Argentina, if a child has Down syndrome, maternity leave can be extended by an extra six months without pay, but subject to the same conditions as paid maternity leave, the U.N. report said.

Swaziland, which many media outlets report do not offer paid leave, provides cash benefits for two of the 12-week statutory leave period, the U.N. report said.

Julia Wang, director of TheBump.com, a website that offers information on fertility, pregnancy and parenthood, said many women and men are on their own when it comes to parental leave in the U.S., because only half of all workers are covered by the Family and Medical Leave Act, which allows employees of companies with more than 50 employees to take unpaid, job-protected leave up to 12 weeks.

“There are state governments and individual companies that are making progress on maternity rights for women, and we hope that the more people who are aware of what other countries are doing to support women and families, the more they’ll fight for rights here at home,” she said.

Fathers are also advocating for greater paternity leave benefits in the U.S. Josh Levs is a CNN reporter who successfully advocated for his employer to provide the same leave benefits to biological dads as it did to adopting families. He is the author of the upcoming book All In: How Our Work-First Culture Fails Dads, Families and Businesses — And How We Can Fix It Together.

“These problems are one and the same. The lack of paid maternity leave and the lack of paternity leave both come from the exact same source,” Levs told ABC News. “This is the problem in America: the source is a view in our workplace policies that women should stay home and men should keep working. If you think the woman should stay home, why would she need paid leave? And if the men worked, why would they need paternity leave? Our workplace policies are built around that ancient outdated thinking.”

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