Review Category : Health

Your Body: The Benefits of Fish for Diabetics

iStock/ThinkstockBy DR. JENNIFER ASHTON, ABC News Senior Medical Contributor

There may be a positive connection between eating fish and lowering the risk of eye problems in people with diabetes, a new study suggests.

Researchers in Spain found that people who ate fish twice a week had lower rates of diabetic retinopathy. This condition can cause blurry vision, floaters or even blindness.

Now while the study is not definitive in its claims, eating more fish is always a good idea.

Here are some tips on how to work fish into your weekly menu repertoire:

  • Spice things up. Adding lots of spices to fish is a great way to flavor it.
  • Mix sardines with onions, a smidge of mayo and a dash a hot sauce, then put it on whole wheat crackers for a high calcium tuna substitute.

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

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What to Know About Pneumonia and Older Adults

iStock/Thinksock(NEW YORK) — Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton’s diagnosis with pneumonia brings national attention to a common but deadly infection and one of the most frequent causes of hospital visits in the United States.

Clinton’s doctor said the presidential hopeful had “became overheated and dehydrated” and that “she is now re-hydrated and recovering nicely,” adding that she was advised to rest and modify her schedule.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), pneumonia can — in many cases — be treated with medication and prevented through vaccination.

For many Americans, getting pneumonia can lead to serious consequences, especially for young children and the elderly.

Globally, pneumonia kills nearly 1 million children younger than 5 years of age each year, but most people seriously affected by pneumonia in the United States are older adults.

More than 53,000 people in the U.S. died from pneumonia in 2013, the most recent year for which statistics are available, according to the CDC. People over the age of 65 accounted for more than 45,000 of those deaths.

For U.S. seniors, hospitalization for pneumonia has a greater risk of death compared to any of the other top 10 reasons for hospitalization, according to the American Thoracic Society, a physician’s organization that advocates for improving care for lung diseases.

Each year, hospitals in the U.S. admit more than 1.1 million people for pneumonia, making it one of the top causes of hospital stays nationwide. More people were admitted to hospitals for pneumonia in 2010 than for bone fractures, according to the CDC.

The overall death rate for pneumonia in the United States is 16.9 per 100,000 population, but that rate rises dramatically with age, to 27.9 for people from the ages of 65 to 74, 98.6 for people aged 75 to 84 and 414.7 for people 85 and over.

The CDC says that you can lower your risk for getting pneumonia by getting vaccinated and doing the following:

  • Washing your hands regularly
  • Cleaning surfaces that are touched a lot
  • Coughing or sneezing into a tissue or into your elbow or sleeve
  • Limiting contact with cigarette smoke
  • Treating and preventing conditions like diabetes

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Many Parents Making Medicine Dosing Errors in Their Children, Study Says

Photodisc/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — Many parents are giving their children incorrect dosages of medicine, according to researchers.

In a new study published in Pediatrics, researchers tested roughly 2,100 parents to see if they could accurately measure out a dose of liquid medication using two common measuring tools — dosing cups and dosing syringes.

They found that 85 percent of these parents made at least one dosing error when dispensing liquid medication. The researchers found that 68 percent of the time, the errors would have led to an overdose. And of these parents, 21 percent made at least one large error – measuring more than twice the recommended dose.

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recommend that parents use dosing tools with standard markings, such as oral syringes, droppers, and dosing cups, and leave the spoons in the kitchen.

The authors of the study also recommend the use of oral syringes over dosing cups, which were associated with a four-fold increase in dosing errors, especially when measuring small dose amounts.

But are parents to blame?

The researchers said that most children’s medication is in liquid form, and the wide range of measurement units and variation in labels and dosing tools for these medicines can lead to confusion and errors for parents.

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Bedridden Navy Veteran Fulfills Final Wish to Go Fishing With Help of VA Hospice Staff

iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — A 69-year-old U.S. Navy veteran from Georgia has passed away peacefully after recently fulfilling his wish to go fishing one last time.

Connie Willhite’s last outdoor adventure was made possible by the hospice staff at the Carl Vison VA Medical Center in Dublin, Georgia, according to Dr. Frank Jordan Jr., the center’s chief of communications and stakeholder relations.

Though he was bedridden, staff were determined to make sure Willhite, who was quite an outdoor enthusiast, experienced one final fishing adventure, Jordan told ABC News.

“Here at the VA, our hospice staff tries to identify what’s most important to a vet as they contemplate the end of their lives,” he said. “We want to make them feel respected and nurtured and that they have highest possible quality of life during those last days.”

VA social worker Greg Senters, along with other hospice staff members, pushed Willhite’s hospital bed from the VA medical center to Lake Leisure, a nearby pond.

Senters told ABC affiliate WGXA in Georgia he was concerned that Willhite might not be able to catch fish, but said, “His response to me was, ‘Well, it really doesn’t matter because just being out here and doing this is just as good.'”

He added, “All of a sudden, the cancer and everything else goes away and then what you see is that precious few moments of somebody really enjoying life [and] enjoying what they love to do.”

Willhite’s cousin, Lisa Kittrill, accompanied him on the trip and told WGXA that the “moments when he was smiling and glad he wasn’t in pain” made “the difficult situation better.”

The vet fished for about four hours and even caught several fish, according to Jordan.

“The most amazing part was the effect that trip had on him after,” he said. “His spirits immediately lifted and he was able to reconnect with family and friends before peacefully passing away three days later.”

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9/11 First Responders Battle Toxic Exposures 15 Years Later

iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — It has been 15 years since Ray Pfeifer saw news about a plane hitting the north tower of the World Trade Center. A two-decade veteran of the New York Fire Department, Pfeifer was on his way to enjoy a round of golf when he immediately got back in his car and headed into the city.

A member of FDNY Engine 40 and Ladder 35 station on the city’s Upper West Side of Manhattan, Pfeifer showed up to the site in the afternoon after the two towers had fallen. Thousands of victims were lost in the rubble, including 12 members from Pfeifer’s fire company.

“It was hell on earth, it was horrible. The odors and the task alone,” Pfeifer said of searching for survivors and then later remains. “Every day … you’d be down there digging and [if] we found a bone that was good day.”

Pfeifer said he and others were so focused on finding survivors or remains that they barely slept as they continued to work in the still-smoldering pile of ruins.

“There were no firefighters who [wanted] to be anywhere else,” Pfeifer said, explaining many were first responders who personally knew people who died. “I knew over 70 people, not just firefighters. … It’s hard still to think about it.”

In the weeks and months that followed, Pfeifer said, people with whom he worked started to develop the “World Trade Center cough.” Later, he heard stories of people getting lung problems, asthma and then cancer.

“There’s not one person that put their foot on the Trade Center and worked down there that doesn’t think in the back of their mind that they’re not going to get sick,” Pfeifer said.

In the years after the 9/11 attacks, health experts have learned more about how the debris, smoke and wreckage affected the health of first responders and other survivors of the attacks. Those who stayed in the area and breathed in the dust and smoke have been found to be more at risk for a host of health problems, including cancer, asthma, mental health disorders and gastrointestinal diseases.

Eight years after the attack, Pfeifer started to feel a sharp pain in his hip. After going to the emergency room, he was diagnosed with stage 4 renal cancer at age 48. The cancer, which normally grows slowly, had exploded through Pfeifer’s body with tumors lodging themselves through multiple sites, including a tennis ball-sized lump in his hip.

The FDNY reports that in addition to the 343 FDNY members killed on 9/11, another 127 firefighters have died of illnesses related to working at Ground Zero in the past 15 years.

This includes 17 people who died in the last year, according to the FDNY.

See more photos from today’s #FDNY World Trade Center Memorial Wall Ceremony at https://t.co/wlh6OQmh99 #NeverForget pic.twitter.com/FKD6819Ypg

— FDNY (@FDNY) September 6, 2016

The Uniformed Firefighters Officers Association (UFOA) reports that 1,396 members have cancers associated with exposures at Ground Zero, 5,723 have gastrointestinal issues and more than 5,500 have lower airway issues. Many of these current and former FDNY members have two conditions.

Dr. Joan Reibman, medical director at the World Trade Center (WTC) Environmental Health Center at Bellevue Hospital, has been working with 9/11 survivors for years. The center was established by the Zadroga 9/11 Health and Compensation Act of 2010 that aimed to help care for the first responders who stayed at Ground Zero after the attacks.

“We see [digestive] disorders, chronic sinus inflammation, lung disease such as asthma, gastrointestinal diseases such as GERD; also clearly mental health issues such as PTSD, depression, anxiety,” Reibman told ABC News. “We initially thought they would resolve” with time.

Reibman said that while some have, others are grappling with the long-term effects of exposure.

“They have chronic … asthma, chronic sinusitis, sometimes quite severe, sometimes interstitial lung disease [where the tissue can be scarred],” she said. “[Post-traumatic stress disorder] itself can be chronic disorder.”

Researchers also continue to look to see whether other survivors develop new diseases related to their exposures from Ground Zero.

The Uniformed Fire Officers Association said researchers are looking to see whether multiple sclerosis and other autoimmune disorders are linked to exposure form 9/11, but they don’t have enough data.

Glen Klein, a former detective with the New York Police Department Emergency Service Unit, has been grappling with a variety of ailments after staying at Ground Zero for 800 hours. He has asthma, severe arthritis and post-traumatic stress disorder.

He said there is still more that needs to be done to help those developing diseases not yet connected to Ground Zero exposure.

“We need other illnesses added to the Zadroga bill; heart disease and arthritis. If they’re not covered, then I have to pay for medication myself,” he said. “Some of that medication is very, very expensive.”

Dr. Reibman said it can be difficult to make connections linking new diseases to exposures at Ground Zero.

“There is no gold standard,” she said. “We look at what are the exposures, what are the symptoms, what is the timeline. We can only say that we think it is likely that their symptoms are related to their exposure.”

Pfeifer, now 56, said he still misses being an active firefighter and often visits the firehouse where he worked for years. Despite tumors in his brain, lung and lymph nodes, Pfeifer said he still feels he is a “very, very lucky guy, considering I was supposed to work on 9/11.”

“It’s terminal cancer, but it’s not going to be terminal this week, that’s for sure,” he said. “I have 15 more years.”

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ABC News Anchor Elizabeth Vargas on Her Long Battle with Alcohol and Her Road to Recovery

ABC News(NEW YORK) — Today, when Elizabeth Vargas walks down the streets of New York City on a warm evening, passing wine bars filled with people enjoying glasses of wine, it’s a very different experience for her than it once was.

“I don’t look at them and think, ‘I want one,’” Vargas said. “But I look at them and I think, ‘I miss that.’ I miss that time when, you know, it felt so innocent and romantic. But that’s just me romanticizing something that turned out to be really monstrous for me.”

The veteran ABC News network anchor sat down with Diane Sawyer for a special edition of ABC News “20/20” to talk for the first time about her long struggle with alcoholism and anxiety, and her recovery process.

In the interview and in her new book, “Between Breaths: A Memoir of Panic and Addiction,” to be released on Tuesday, Vargas shares that she suffered repeated relapses, was almost fired from ABC News and that her marriage to singer-songwriter, Marc Cohn, ended in no small part because of her drinking.

Vargas, 54, who says she hit rock bottom two years ago, knows it’s an act of grace that she’s alive today. There was one occasion, she said, when her blood alcohol level was at .4 – a lethal amount.

“And even that didn’t scare me into stopping,” Vargas said.

“When you’re in the cycle of this disease though, it doesn’t matter how much you have or how little you have, I—it didn’t matter,” she continued. “It leveled me. It knocked me flat on my butt. I lost sight of everything.”

Throughout her 30-year career, Vargas has been known for her strong reporting around the world, her tough interviews and her steadiness during breaking news live coverage. On Sept. 11, 2001, it was Vargas who took over the breaking news coverage from ABC News anchor Peter Jennings.

In addition to “20/20,” Vargas has also been a frequent co-host on “Good Morning America.”

In 2016 alone, Vargas anchored breaking news coverage of the Orlando nightclub shooting, the shooting ambush in Dallas, the death of pop star Prince and the passing of boxing icon Muhammad Ali.

For years, Vargas says she drank socially, like anyone else, and was able to control it until she hit rock bottom.

“There are days when you wake up and you feel so horrible that the only thing that will make you feel better is more alcohol,” she said. “That’s when you’re in the death spin.”

This year, more than 30 million Americans are locked into a battle with alcohol, according to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), an arm of the National Institutes of Health.

The hardest part, Vargas said, was knowing that her alcoholism affected her two sons, Zachary, 13, and Sam, 10.

“I don’t know if I will ever forgive myself for hurting them with my drinking, ever,” she said.

Vargas says she never physically endangered her kids with her drinking and never drove under the influence.

“But let me just say something,” she said. “Because I didn’t physically endanger my children doesn’t mean I didn’t devastate them or put them in danger emotionally or psychologically.”

Vargas grew up in a military family and moved to 14 homes, nine Army bases and eight schools as a child. When she was little, she said she suffered from anxiety daily, even panic attacks, but she learned to hide them. Her struggle with that crushing insecurity continued when she started out as a local reporter out West.

“Because I am basically so insecure and anxious and afraid I never, ever, in my life learned to reach out for help, ever,” Vargas said.

Studies show that nearly 63 percent of women in trouble with alcohol say they are also fighting anxiety. But when she was starting out, Vargas said she didn’t understand then that the disease of alcoholism could slowly take over and threaten her life.

“There’s a real temptation… to whitewash what you did, ‘It wasn’t as bad as everybody says,’ or ‘it wasn’t as bad as I remember,’” Vargas said. “And for better or for worse, I have recordings of myself on TV and audio recordings that remind me how bad it was.”

Vargas said her drinking began after she got her first job and the news team would head out to the local bar after work.

“It was like, ‘I finally feel relaxed,’” Vargas said. “All my insecurities would sort of fade back.”

She finally found someone to confide in about her insecurities when she married Marc Cohn, best known for his song, “Walking in Memphis,” in 2002. She said he used to calm her by singing her to sleep. But even before they were married, Vargas said he noticed her drinking at night.

“He thought I drank too much,” she said. “I remember he was angry when he said it, and grabbing my arm and saying, ‘You have a problem with alcohol,’ and that just made me really mad.”

She said his words got her attention and for several years, she did control her drinking. She gave birth to their two sons and was caring for them while continuing to work – once even through a miscarriage.

After Peter Jennings died from complications of lung cancer on Aug. 7, 2005, Vargas and ABC’s Bob Woodruff were named co-anchors of “World News Tonight.” But 27 days later, Woodruff was severely wounded by an IED in Iraq.

“It was devastating. Devastating to everybody who worked there,” Vargas said. “I felt like I was in a hurricane of life.”

Four months later, she was replaced by senior anchor Charlie Gibson.

“I was demoted,” she said. “No sugarcoating it.” The self-doubt mixed with anger and fear came roaring in.

By 2009, Vargas said she felt her husband pulling away. She grew resentful, the exhaustion of all that travel while she was still trying to be a good mom and being the big financial responsibility for the family, and she said wine became her consolation. Eventually, she said she began keeping the amount she was drinking a secret.

“I would stop on my way home work, you know, and have a glass of wine or two at a bar,” Vargas said. “Alone, feeling really pathetic, you know I would actually pretend to talk to someone on my phone.”

When she would head home, she said she would pop a couple of Altoids and hope that she wasn’t “breathing white wine fumes” when she greeted the kids.

But like millions of other people, Vargas said she didn’t think she had a drinking problem because she didn’t drink all the time and she had no family history of alcoholism. As time went on, she said her glasses of wine at night became entire bottles and her husband noticed.

“It made all the real problems we needed to discuss and work through frivolous in comparison,” Vargas said. “You know, ‘What do you want to talk about? Why don’t you ask me about how my day is?’ Or ‘Why don’t you support me more?’ when ‘why are you drinking two bottles of chardonnay every night?’ You know? I’ve just gone and changed the narrative in a pretty dramatic and destructive way.”

At one point Vargas said she even hid bottles of wine under her bathroom sink.

“Looking at myself in the mirror thinking, ‘This is who I am, sneaking into my own bathroom to gulp down from my toothpaste cup a half cup of wine so I can get through another hour feeling good,’” she said.

She said she fell into a pattern of secret drinking and then rewarding herself by binging on vacation. Her sister Aimie Vargas had no idea how much she was drinking until they took a trip together with their kids in summer 2011.

“It was in the middle of the afternoon and she was drunk,” Aimie Vargas said. “She told me that she drank too much because she was so unhappy.”

When Aimie tried to intervene, Elizabeth said she wasn’t an alcoholic, just having a rough time. Then a year later, in 2012, she was on another family vacation with Marc and the boys in Florida.

“That was our big vacation and my idea of a vacation was to empty the minibar by drinking everything in it,” Vargas said.

Marc was so worried about her, he arranged for a nurse to secretly come to the hotel room and give her IV re-hydration fluids. At one point, she said her son Sam came in to the room.

“I was drinking and sleeping and I do vividly remember one afternoon Sam standing by my head in the bed saying, ‘Mommy, when are you going to get up,’” Vargas said. “And I remember I could smell the sunscreen and I could feel the heat from his little body because he had just come in from the beach.”

“I wouldn’t give a nanosecond’s worth of thought to die for my children, to kill for my children,” she continued. “But I couldn’t stop drinking for my children.”

After that 2012 Florida vacation, Vargas decided to make a secret visit to her first rehab facility, telling her ABC News bosses she had a medical issue. The minimum stay at these facilities is usually 30 days, but Vargas said she was “so deluded and in denial” that she convinced the rehab facility to let her come for just two weeks.

Doctors say heavy drinking over time can change the structure of the brain and the cells in your body. The chemical receptors start to demand more alcohol to feel normal and that the first three months of attempted sobriety are the most dangerous for relapse.

A few weeks after she left rehab, Vargas said she started drinking again. She was never drinking on live TV at ABC News, but there were rare occasions when she would drink before interviews and it affected her performance. Vargas said she drank to calm her nerves, but one instance led to a terrifying blackout.

“There was one occasion on a Saturday,” she said. “I woke up that morning and I was feeling horrible, that shaky, horrible, fluttery heart… and I was on my way to the shoot on Columbus Avenue [in New York City] and I saw a liquor store.”

On her way to the interview, Vargas said she had the car stop, she bought wine and drank some of the bottle before she started taping. Afterwards, Vargas said she slipped into a nearby room and drank again. When she got in the car to be driven home, she said she the last thing she remembers is fastening her seatbelt. Her next memory was waking up in the emergency room.

“I don’t know where I went. I don’t know what I did. I don’t know what I drank,” Vargas said. “I drank enough to be at a lethal blood alcohol level.”

Since that day, Vargas has pieced together what happened. She now knows she wandered by Riverside Park in New York City and a stranger driving by saw her and stopped to help.

“I was able to tell her my address,” Vargas said. “She said she saw some men nearby that she didn’t like the look of who might have been, at that point, probably seeing me as a vulnerable person and she brought back here [home]. And at that point I was apparently unconscious.”

Her husband called 911 while their kids remained upstairs unaware that their mother was unconscious in the lobby of their apartment building.

After her near-lethal blackout in 2012, Vargas told the president of ABC News that she needed time off to confront her addiction.

“I was too embarrassed to him that it was just alcohol because I thought it was so unfeminine, like, to be a drunk,” she said. “Even now I have a hard time saying that word so I told him alcohol and Ambien.”

With the support of ABC, Vargas went to rehab for a full month.

At least 2,300 Americans die every year from alcohol poisoning, according to the Centers for Disease Control, though some experts believe that number is underreported.

On average, an alcoholic will take three to four attempts to get sober for good. After spending that full month in rehab it was not long before Vargas was drinking again.

“It only took me six months, seven months later before I was back to looking at myself in that bathroom mirror wondering, ‘how did I get here,’” she said.

Vargas said her parents, her sister and her brother all took time to try to help her.

“You sort of are standing by watching a train wreck. It was awful,” her sister Aimie Vargas said. “You just want to shake her and say, ‘Why are you doing this to yourself?’”

After this, Elizabeth went to a different rehab facility for a month, but after a few days at home, she went back again after her brother Chris Vargas flew in from California to take her.

“I walked into her apartment and she was completely out it,” Chris Vargas said. “It had been 7:30 in the morning, a couple of empty wine bottles beside her bed… I remember wanting to tell her, ‘Look, you can walk into a room and you can light up that room, but don’t show up drunk.’”

In 2014, Vargas was forced to go public with her alcoholism after it was leaked to press. She sat down for an interview with ABC News’ George Stephanopoulos. That same year, her husband came to her and said he wanted a divorce. ABC also put her on notice to stay sober or lose her job.

That summer Vargas decided to take the kids on a vacation and rented a beach house in California, taking someone to help with the kids full-time.

“I drank again and I ruined it,” she said.

While in California, Vargas said she started with wine and then a bottle of tequila. But she got word that ABC needed to record her voice for a report to air the next day. When a crew arrived at 8am to tape her, Vargas said she was still drunk.

“I remember that day, sitting there, and I could read the words and I couldn’t make my mouth work to say the words,” she said.

Vargas said she feels sick to her stomach when she listens to that tape and other recordings of her where she had been drinking.

“But I’m glad I listened to it, because I never want to be there again,” she said.

Her bosses at ABC were alerted that she was drinking again, and she called her sister to say she was in trouble.

“It was the first time that she called and said, ‘I need help,’ and I’ll never forget that,” Aimie Vargas said. “It’s still really hard to talk about because I think I instantly knew, ‘This is bad.’”

Aimie said she dropped everything and flew to California to be with her sister. Elizabeth also called an ABC colleague who knew an actor/director in the area who was also a recovering alcoholic. He raced over, along with Vargas’ siblings, to comfort her two sons as she went into detox.

“I honestly, I thought it was all over,” Aimie Vargas said. “I thought she was going to lose the boys, and I thought she was going to lose her job. We all did.”

Embarrassed, ashamed and deeply humbled, Elizabeth Vargas said she decided to get help and fight to stay sober. A counselor flew with her back to New York. The first thing the counselor had her do was make a calendar of all the days she was drunk and what it did to those around her. Vargas said that’s what forced her to stop living in denial.

Vargas told her ABC bosses that she had finally grasped how important it was to surround herself with constant, daily help.

Vargas went to a sober house where they tested her blood for alcohol and ABC News agreed to give her unpaid time off to deal with the addiction and its underlying causes, and one more chance to prove she could stay sober.

“Thank God they gave me one more chance,” Vargas said. “Thank God, because, you know, many other employers wouldn’t have.”

She went back to work again, sober and grateful, and apologized to the colleagues who had to redo her work because of her drinking.

“I’m also really grateful to my colleagues in the “20/20” offices,” Vargas said.

The hardest of all, Vargas said, was she forced herself to confront what she had done to her children and apologized to them for the pain she caused them.

“You can’t just say, ‘I’m sorry, I’m sorry I hurt you,’ and then, you know, leave it at that,” she said. “’I’m sorry I drank. I’m sorry I scared you. I’m sorry that I wasn’t there for you. I’m sorry I fell asleep and missed your recital. I’m sorry. I’m so sorry.’”

After their divorce, Vargas and her husband Marc Cohn agreed to joint custody of their sons.

In a statement, Cohn told “20/20,” “Elizabeth has always had, and will always have my support, especially in regards to her recovery. I have tried my best to protect our family during the course of this very complex and challenging journey, and that has included honoring Elizabeth’s privacy.

Now I applaud her efforts to shed some light on the link between anxiety and alcoholism, which I imagine will help countless numbers of people and families. As for our own family, we continue to be loving parents to our two incredible boys and I’m extremely grateful that we work well together in putting their needs front and center.”

Vargas has hope for the future. She has learned that if she ever feels tempted to drink, she has to leave and she makes time for meditation. She said anger is still a trigger for her to want to drink, but now she reaches for the phone and calls someone immediately if she feels those feelings coming on.

Most of all she said she hopes her children know she fought to pull herself out of the abyss for them.

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Miami Beach Mayor Says ‘Zika Threat Continues to Grow,’ as More Mosquitoes With Zika Found

iStock/Thinkstock(MIAMI) — The Zika virus has been detected in a new mosquito sample taken in Miami Beach, the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services announced Friday.

State officials said the new sample is from the same small Miami Beach neighborhood where three other samples tested positive for Zika on Sept. 1.

“This new discovery shows that the Zika threat continues to grow,” Miami Beach mayor Philip Levine said in a statement.

But in a statement, the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services reminded concerned residents that the state “has tested more than 2,900 mosquito samples, consisting of nearly 48,000 mosquitoes, since May, and these four total samples from a small area in Miami Beach are the only samples to test positive.”

Latest #Zika Update from @MayorLevine & @CityManagerMB #FightTheBite pic.twitter.com/pI3DhqDK2G

— City of Miami Beach (@MiamiBeachNews) September 9, 2016

Florida’s commissioner of agriculture, Adam H. Putnam, said, “This find underscores the continued need already underway in Miami-Dade to employ an aggressive and comprehensive mosquito control strategy. Only with a multi-faceted approach to controlling the Zika-carrying mosquito will we be able to protect Floridians and visitors.”

And Miami-Dade County mayor Carlos A. Gimenez added, “The fact that we have identified a fourth Zika-positive mosquito pool in Miami Beach serves as further confirmation that we must continue our proactive and aggressive approach to controlling the mosquito population, including our recent decision to begin aerial spraying in combination with larvicide treatment by truck.”

Aerial insecticide spraying occurred Friday in Miami Beach, with a plane carrying the insecticide naled releasing the spray over the Atlantic Ocean before dawn.

The next round is scheduled for 6 a.m. Sunday.

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Ohio Police Post Photo of Adults Allegedly Overdosed on Heroin with 4-Year-Old in Backseat

City of East Liverpool Ohio Police Dept.(EAST LIVERPOOL, Ohio) — Ohio police posted a photo to social media Thursday showing an unconscious mother who police said had allegedly overdosed on drugs in the front seat of a car, while a young boy sat in the backseat.

The East Liverpool Police Department posted two photos to its Facebook page showing the mother, identified by police as 50-year-old Rhonda Pasek, sitting in the passenger seat of the Ford Explorer with her head leaning to the side and her mouth agape. A man identified as 47-year-old James Accord sits in the driver seat in a similar manner, while a 4-year-old boy sits behind her. The boy appears alert and even looks directly at the camera in the photos.

On Wednesday afternoon, an East Liverpool police officer was following the Ford Explorer as it was allegedly driving erratically and was “weaving back and forth in the lane while driving on the yellow center and back to the right edge of the roadway,” according to the police incident report.

Accord then allegedly hit the brakes and “skidded to a stop” as children were getting off a school bus, police said. When the officer made contact with Accord, he said he noticed that his head was “bobbing back and forth” and his speech was “almost unintelligible.” Accord also allegedly had “pinpoint” pupils, according to the report.

Accord allegedly told police that he was taking Pasek, whom the officer described as “completely unconscious,” to the hospital. Accord then allegedly began to manipulate his gear shift, which prompted the officer to reach inside the car and remove the keys, the report stated. Accord eventually also went “completely unconscious,” according to the report.

The officer then called for an ambulance and watched as first responders administer “several rounds” of Narcan, which is used to reverse an opioid overdose, according to the report. A yellow folded-up piece of paper with a pink, powdery substance was found in the front seat between Pasek’s legs and was sent to the crime lab for analysis, police said.

Pasek was charged with child endangerment and public intoxication, while Accord was charged with child endangerment and slowing stopped in roadway. The two spent the night in jail, while the boy was picked up from the scene by child services.

In a court appearance Thursday, Pasek pleaded not guilty, and Accord pleaded no contest, court records show. ABC News could not immediately reach Accord and Pasek for comment. It is unclear if they have obtained lawyers.

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‘Alternate’ Vaccine Doctor Robert Sears Accused of Gross Negligence

iStock/Thinkstock(LOS ANGELES) — A California pediatrician, known partly for his controversial views on immunization schedules, faces the possible suspension of his license after the executive director of the California Medical Board accused him of being “grossly negligent in his care and treatment” of a child patient.

Dr. Robert Sears of Orange County, California, first drew attention after publishing a book in 2007 called “The Vaccine Book: Making the Right Decision for Your Child” and introducing what he calls an “alternate” vaccine schedule.

His work has made him popular with parents who remain skeptical of common vaccines despite overwhelming medical evidence that they are safe as currently scheduled and recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and American Academy of Pediatrics.

His work has also frustrated some pediatricians and health officials who point out that there is no approved “alternate” vaccination schedule that is safe and approved by major health organizations.

The doctor is now facing a possible hearing before the California Medical Board over allegations he was grossly negligent during his interaction with the toddler cited in the complaint. Sears and the board will first meet in a Sept. 20 settlement conference, where he can bring counsel, according to the medical board.

If no settlement is reached, the matter will go to a hearing before an administrative law judge. The judge will make a proposed decision that will be reviewed by the medical board, which makes the final decision, according to the board.

Sears recommended the toddler never get another childhood vaccine because of the “severity” of the reaction to earlier vaccination, according to the Medical Board complaint filed with the state Sept. 2.

The board claims in the document that Sears did not have enough information to make such a recommendation.

In the document released by the Medical Board of California, Sears is accused of multiple counts of negligence, including not taking basic information before recommending the toddler no longer receive any other childhood vaccinations; failing to conduct neurological testing on the patient when the toddler reported having a headache from head trauma; and failing to maintain adequate records because he did not keep a copy of the letter that exempted the child from further vaccinations.

He is subject to disciplinary action that could include revoking or suspending his license.

Complaints against California physicians can be made by patients or other members of the public, spurring the medical board to review. If the board’s initial review finds evidence of a violation, the case will be investigated by a state deputy attorney general and an investigator who is an expert in the physician’s field.

If the deputy attorney general finds there is enough evidence they will bring a formal accusation against the physician which can result in either a settlement or an administrative hearing held before an administrative law judge, who makes a recommendation to the medical board.

The board has not identified who lodged the initial complaint against Sears.

When asked by ABC News via email to comment on the complaint, Sears declined. Officials from the California Medical Board said they do not release information beyond a formal complaint prior to a settlement conference or hearing.

Sears has defended his alternative schedules, telling the Los Angeles Times in 2014 that they “allow parents to get vaccinations in a way they’re more comfortable” with.

California enacted a strict vaccination law last year that required school children to be vaccinated and banned exemptions based on personal or medical beliefs. The law was enacted after the state faced multiple outbreaks in recent years of vaccine-preventable diseases including measles and whooping cough.

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

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Taylor Swift Video Chats With Terminally Ill Teen

Dimitrios Kambouris/Getty Images(CINCINNATI) — One Taylor Swift devotee had her ultimate fan wish come true Thursday.

Meghan Hils, an 18-year-old fan from Ohio, is battling pulmonary atresia, a type of heart disease.

Her father Daniel told ABC News the teen has had five open heart surgeries and has been in and out of hospitals for most of her life.

“My daughter lives a pop culture life because of her ailment,” Daniel said. “She’s not hanging out or going out on dates, so she spends a lot of time with the television.”

As Meghan’s condition has worsened, she has become terminally ill and, when she turned 18 in March, qualified for the Dream Foundation, an organization that grants wishes to terminally ill adults.

Meghan told the foundation that her wish was to meet Ellen DeGeneres or Jimmy Fallon, said her father, a police sergeant for the Cincinnati Police Department

“I didn’t think Taylor would be obtainable because she’s the biggest star in the world,” Daniel admitted.

Still, he took to Facebook in an effort to make Meghan’s wish of talking to Taylor Swift come true. The post soon went viral and after several leads, Daniel got a text Thursday saying that Swift was set to video chat Meghan.

“Sure enough, Taylor called, and they chatted for a little close to a half an hour,” Daniel said. “[Meghan] was truly starstruck. I was filling in some of the conversation because Meghan was like, ‘This is crazy!’ That’s what she kept repeating.”

“I don’t think she really believed that it could happen or would happen, and it did,” her father added.

Meghan took to Twitter after the phone call to say thank you to her favorite singer.

“The words thank you will never be enough to say to Taylor Alison Swift for this day and taking the time to video chat with me for 19 mins on September 8th, 2016. Thank you from the bottom of my heart Taylor,” she tweeted.

My thank you note to @taylorswift13 for this day, Thursday, September 8th, 2016. Thank you, Taylor. ? pic.twitter.com/7OsW1NZF7p

— Meghan Marion Hils (@MeghanMarion13) September 8, 2016

Daniel said his daughter has inspired him.

“I’m very proud of how positive she’s remained despite her life being so trying,” he explained. “Much of her life, she’s been hospitalized but she’s always wearing a smile and always very, very upbeat and everything. She’s inspired me as her father … It’s quite a motivator.”

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