Photo by Mark Wilson/Newsmakers(NEW YORK) — The National Institutes of Health reported successful use of non-invasive electrical stimulation treatment for paralysis on Thursday, citing the ability of five paralyzed patients to move their legs.

The study involved use of electrical stimulation to the spinal cord for five men with complete motor paralysis. The number of patients who have achieved mobility while receiving the stimulation is now at nine, the NIH says.

The men had their legs hung from the ceiling in braces, allowing them to move freely without gravitational resistance. The NIH notes that such movement is not comparable to walking, but represents “significant progress towards the eventual goal of developing a therapy for a wide range of individuals with spinal cord injury.”

“These encouraging results provide continued evidence that spinal cord injury may no longer mean a life-long sentence of paralysis,” said Roderic Pettigrew, director for the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering at NIH.

Copyright © 2015, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Read More →

Loop Images/UIG via Getty Images(LONDON) — Arriving at the airport isn’t usually an experience travelers equate with a positive mood.

But fliers traveling from London’s Gatwick Airport will find mood-boosting food available, designed specifically to make fliers happier before boarding.

The airport teamed up with nutritionist Jo Travers to become the first airport in the world to introduce a happiness guide on restaurant menus. Designed to help travelers have a “happy holiday from the moment they arrive at the airport,” a spokesperson told ABC News, Gatwick has identified roughly two dishes at eight restaurants that boost serotonin.

“Happiness is a complex thing, but there are certain foods you can eat that will help the ‘happy’ chemicals in your brain to keep flowing,” said Travers “Two key players are the neurotransmitters serotonin and dopamine, along with amino acids tryptophan and theanine which can contribute to the creation of serotonin which is known to most as ‘happy hormones.’ Low levels of these chemicals can cause fatigue in addition to lowering existing levels of serotonin. Similarly, a deficiency of Omega 3, can lead to fatigue and mood swings.”

Happy dishes will be identified by yellow happy face emoji icons on the menu.

For travelers not passing through Gatwick, Travers shared food that make people happy.

Top 10 ingredients that can make you happy:

1. Salmon

2. Tuna

3. Bananas

4. Oats

5. Citrus fruit

6. Spinach & Kale

7. Sesame seeds

8. Green tea

9. Chickpeas

10. Soy and soy products like miso

“People often don’t realise how much of an impact what they eat can have on their mood,” said Travers, which can be particularly important if you’re about to take a long flight.”

Copyright © 2015, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Read More →

Loop Images/UIG via Getty Images(LONDON) — Arriving at the airport isn’t usually an experience travelers equate with a positive mood.

But fliers traveling from London’s Gatwick Airport will find mood-boosting food available, designed specifically to make fliers happier before boarding.

The airport teamed up with nutritionist Jo Travers to become the first airport in the world to introduce a happiness guide on restaurant menus. Designed to help travelers have a “happy holiday from the moment they arrive at the airport,” a spokesperson told ABC News, Gatwick has identified roughly two dishes at eight restaurants that boost serotonin.

“Happiness is a complex thing, but there are certain foods you can eat that will help the ‘happy’ chemicals in your brain to keep flowing,” said Travers “Two key players are the neurotransmitters serotonin and dopamine, along with amino acids tryptophan and theanine which can contribute to the creation of serotonin which is known to most as ‘happy hormones.’ Low levels of these chemicals can cause fatigue in addition to lowering existing levels of serotonin. Similarly, a deficiency of Omega 3, can lead to fatigue and mood swings.”

Happy dishes will be identified by yellow happy face emoji icons on the menu.

For travelers not passing through Gatwick, Travers shared food that make people happy.

Top 10 ingredients that can make you happy:

1. Salmon

2. Tuna

3. Bananas

4. Oats

5. Citrus fruit

6. Spinach & Kale

7. Sesame seeds

8. Green tea

9. Chickpeas

10. Soy and soy products like miso

“People often don’t realise how much of an impact what they eat can have on their mood,” said Travers, which can be particularly important if you’re about to take a long flight.”

Copyright © 2015, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Read More →

Loop Images/UIG via Getty Images(LONDON) — Arriving at the airport isn’t usually an experience travelers equate with a positive mood.

But fliers traveling from London’s Gatwick Airport will find mood-boosting food available, designed specifically to make fliers happier before boarding.

The airport teamed up with nutritionist Jo Travers to become the first airport in the world to introduce a happiness guide on restaurant menus. Designed to help travelers have a “happy holiday from the moment they arrive at the airport,” a spokesperson told ABC News, Gatwick has identified roughly two dishes at eight restaurants that boost serotonin.

“Happiness is a complex thing, but there are certain foods you can eat that will help the ‘happy’ chemicals in your brain to keep flowing,” said Travers “Two key players are the neurotransmitters serotonin and dopamine, along with amino acids tryptophan and theanine which can contribute to the creation of serotonin which is known to most as ‘happy hormones.’ Low levels of these chemicals can cause fatigue in addition to lowering existing levels of serotonin. Similarly, a deficiency of Omega 3, can lead to fatigue and mood swings.”

Happy dishes will be identified by yellow happy face emoji icons on the menu.

For travelers not passing through Gatwick, Travers shared food that make people happy.

Top 10 ingredients that can make you happy:

1. Salmon

2. Tuna

3. Bananas

4. Oats

5. Citrus fruit

6. Spinach & Kale

7. Sesame seeds

8. Green tea

9. Chickpeas

10. Soy and soy products like miso

“People often don’t realise how much of an impact what they eat can have on their mood,” said Travers, which can be particularly important if you’re about to take a long flight.”

Copyright © 2015, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Read More →

Richard Ellis/Getty Images(NEW YORK) — Body camera footage made headlines again this week after Officer Ray Tensing was indicited for murder after he allegedly shot a man in the head during a traffic stop.

At a news conference, prosecutor Joseph Deters said the footage was “shocking” and cited it as a key component in the evidence that lead a grand jury to indict tensing.

While Tensing’s case shows how body cameras can shed light on an incident, experts say how the cameras will affect officers and police departments on a large scale remains largely unknown.

Michael Broder, a therapist who worked with the Philadelphia police department for five years providing psychological counseling, said the big question among experts is if the body cameras will make police afraid to act or if they will just not act inappropriately.

“Some cops are going to welcome it and some cops who are not going to [care] and there other cops who are going to make a decision, ‘I’m not going to take any chances for losing my job,’… or go to jail,” for a single action, said Broder. “The independent variable there is the rise in crime statistics or whether that it rises at all.”

There are not many studies on the effects of body cameras, but one important one found that use of force and complaints against police went down after the technology was introduced in a small California town. In the 2014 study, researchers from the University of Cambridge’s Institute of Criminology studied police officers in the town of Rialto, California who had been given body cameras.

“Knowledge that events are being recorded creates ‘self-awareness’ in all participants during police interactions,” said University of Cambridge officials in a statement on the study. “ This is the critical component that turns body-worn video into a ‘preventative treatment.’”

They said the camera may cause individuals to modify their behavior in response to a “third-party” surveillance related to the camera. They compared the camera to a proxy for a “legal courts — as well as courts of public opinion” that lead officers to be more cautious.

“An officer is obliged to issue a warning from the start that an encounter is being filmed,” explained study author Barak Ariel in a statement. “Impacting the psyche of all involved by conveying a straightforward, pragmatic message: we are all being watched, videotaped and expected to follow the rules.”

According to the study, complaints against officers in the area dropped from 0.7 to 0.07 per 1,000 contacts in that year-long study.

Another study looked at how surveillance cameras can increase accountability among bystanders in an emergency. The “bystander effect” has been used by social scientists to explain why people are less likely to help when they’re in a group than when they’re alone.

In part researchers have found that people may be less likely to help when they think someone else can take on those duties. However, in the 2012 study researchers found by adding a camera, participants had more “public self-awareness” and as a result were more likely to act and help.

David Silber, a professor of psychology emeritus at George Washington University and expert in the psychology of crime and violence, said more study was needed to understand how body cameras will affect police but he suspects they aren’t going anywhere soon.

“I have a feeling whatever the influence of body cameras are now they will tend to grow as it becomes known they are pretty reliable records and subject to some interpretation of course,” said Silber.

Copyright © 2015, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Read More →

Allen Berezovsky/Getty Images(NEW YORK) — Ronda Rousey recently posed in Sports Illustrated for its swimsuit issue. Instead of dropping weight like most do before stripping down and putting on a bikini, the champion MMA fighter decided to pack on a few pounds.

“I felt like I was much too small for a magazine that is supposed to be celebrating the epitome of a woman,” she told Cosmopolitan.com. “I wanted to be at my most feminine shape, and I don’t feel my most attractive at 135 pounds, which is the weight I fight at. At 150 pounds, I feel like I’m at my healthiest and my strongest and my most beautiful.”

Rousey, 28, said that being an athlete growing up, she felt “my body type was uncommon, it was a bad thing.”

“Now that I’m older, I’ve really begun to realize that I’m really proud that my body has developed for a purpose and not just to be looked at,” she added. “But to be honest, it took a lot of time to develop a healthier relationship with food and with my weight. My mind was backward. I thought I wanted my body to look a certain way so I could be happy.”

Rousey said her fighting weight is only maintained for that purpose and for weigh-ins.

“Afterward, I maintain a weight where I’m not starving or feeling weak, which makes me happier,” she said.

What’s the fighter-turned-actress afraid of?

“Failure. I’m scared of failure so much more than any of the other girls I compete against that I work so much harder than they possibly could. I’m totally down with spiders and frogs and heights and snakes — everything, I’m cool with it. But I have such a huge fear of failure that I go to bed every night thinking about all the possible ways that I can succeed,” she said.

Copyright © 2015, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Read More →

BSIP/UIG Via Getty Images(NEW YORK) — An outbreak of Legionnaire’s disease has infected at least 31 in New York City and health officials are racing to figure out the cause.

The deaths of two patients who also had Legionnaire’s disease are being investigated by health officials.

Officials from the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene are combing the center of the outbreak in the South Bronx to search for the source of the dangerous outbreak.

Caused by a bacteria called Legionella, the infection causes a type of pneumonia that can be damaging or even fatal for those with compromised immune systems or underlying health conditions. It’s contracted when a person inhales small droplets of air or water with the bacteria and can be spread from contaminated hot tubs, fountains, cooling units for air conditioners and large plumbing systems.

“We are concerned about this unusual increase in Legionnaires’ disease cases in the South Bronx,” Health Commissioner Dr. Mary Bassett said in a statement. “We are conducting a swift investigation to determine the source of the outbreak and prevent future cases. I urge anyone with symptoms to seek medical attention right away.”

Symptoms of Legionnaire’s disease include coughing, shortness of breath, high fever, muscle aches or headaches.

Dr. William Schaffner, an infectious disease expert at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, said that 31 infections constitute a large outbreak for Legionnaire’s disease and that health officials will likely look for a common source if people are in the same neighborhood.

“If they are clustered geographically … Where do they travel, where do they work, where do they worship?” Schaffner said of the kinds of questions health officials will ask patients. “By localizing it geographically you can look up and see if you can find cooling towers that might be contaminated.”

While the large outbreak is worrying, Schaffner said people should not panic since the disease cannot be spread person to person and antibiotic treatment is available.

The disease was named after it infected numerous people at conference of the American Legion in 1976. The bacteria leads to the hospitalization of around 8,000 to 18,000 people in the U.S. every year according to the U.S. Center of Disease Control and Prevention and it is more commonly reported in the summer and early fall.

ABC US News | World News

Copyright © 2015, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Read More →

iStock/ThinkstockBy DR. JENNIFER ASHTON, ABC News Senior Medical Contributor

As much as we love them, we all know how stubborn men can be.

Unfortunately, guys can be stubborn with their health, too, and that can have some major consequences.

Men are more likely to engage in risk behaviors and less likely to take diagnoses and prescriptions seriously.

Here’s what you can do to help the men in your life lead longer and stronger lives:

  • Encourage them to stay active and eat well, and stay educated on health issues.
  • Make sure everyone is making their regular doctor’s appointments.
  • Lead by example and be consistent. Make this an act of love, and your man will surely thank you.

Copyright © 2015, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Read More →

Clem Murray/Philadelphia Inquirer/TNS via Getty Images(PHILADELPHIA) — The youngest recipient of a dual hand transplant may be through his surgery, but the real test of the transplant’s success may come as he starts to recover and gain use of his new hands.

Doctors are hopeful that the new hands for Zion Harvey, 8, will hold up during his lifetime, but they also acknowledged that he is in uncharted territory.

Zion lost his hands and feet from a dangerous infection at age 2 and has largely coped with the disability through prosthetics for his feet, but his doctors at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia wanted to give him a more permanent solution.

“We wanted to really make sure that this was going to work for our patient and work for a lifetime, not just a year,” Dr. Benjamin Chang, co-director of the Hand Transplantation Program at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia said in a video released by the hospital.

After the 10-hour surgery earlier this month, Zion has months of recovery ahead of him, but he’s already reached the record books. Before Zion’s groundbreaking surgery, hand transplants had been performed only on adult patients. Chang said because the procedure is so new, they do not know whether Zion’s new hands will last forever.

“We just don’t know,” Chang said of the transplant’s durability. “The adults that have had transplants have had a least one rejection episode after the transplant.”

Dr. W. P. Andrew Lee, chairman of the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery at Johns Hopkins University, said the first successful hand transplant occurred in 1999.

“We think it can go indefinitely, but I have to tell you the longest hand transplant was performed just 16 yeas ago,” said Lee, who was not involved with Zion’s surgery. “That’s the track record.”

Other issues the boy might face include the immune system rejecting the tissue or possibly other long-term health consequences of being on immuno-suppressing drugs, Lee said. Zion was already on immuno-suppressants because he had a kidney transplant when he was younger, hospital officials noted.

“In the case of hand transplant, the problem will manifest as rejection of the transplant hand,” Lee explained of possible complications. “If the rejection is mild it can be treated with medication. If it is severe or if it happens repeatedly then it becomes more and more difficult to treat.”

As patients go through physical therapy, they can regain a significant portion of their dexterity, Lee said.

Chang said the goal is currently to get Zion to simply make a fist and open his hand. He said the therapy is complicated because Zion’s hands are completely numb as he recovers.

“We’re waiting for him to regain the ability to feel,” explained Chang. “The nerves have to grow back from his own native nerves into the transplanted hands…It will grow about an inch a month. It’s going to be six months before he gains feeling in the hands.”

Chang said that the hands were attached in a way so that the bone’s “growth plate” was left unharmed.

“The area where we [used] the metal plates to join the bones together, we don’t cross over the growth plate,” explained Chang. He said the bones would be expected to grow until Zion was through puberty.

In video released by the hospital, Zion is able to move his new hands in physical therapy and even seems to scratch an itch on his face. According to his Chang, Zion’s big goal “is to climb the monkey bars.”

But prior to the surgery, the 8-year-old said he knew he would be happy as long as he had his family.

“When I get these hands I will be proud of the hands I get,” he says in a video released by the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia. “If it gets messed up, I don’t care because I have my family.”

Copyright © 2015, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Read More →

Clem Murray/Philadelphia Inquirer/TNS via Getty Images(PHILADELPHIA) — The youngest recipient of a dual hand transplant may be through his surgery, but the real test of the transplant’s success may come as he starts to recover and gain use of his new hands.

Doctors are hopeful that the new hands for Zion Harvey, 8, will hold up during his lifetime, but they also acknowledged that he is in uncharted territory.

Zion lost his hands and feet from a dangerous infection at age 2 and has largely coped with the disability through prosthetics for his feet, but his doctors at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia wanted to give him a more permanent solution.

“We wanted to really make sure that this was going to work for our patient and work for a lifetime, not just a year,” Dr. Benjamin Chang, co-director of the Hand Transplantation Program at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia said in a video released by the hospital.

After the 10-hour surgery earlier this month, Zion has months of recovery ahead of him, but he’s already reached the record books. Before Zion’s groundbreaking surgery, hand transplants had been performed only on adult patients. Chang said because the procedure is so new, they do not know whether Zion’s new hands will last forever.

“We just don’t know,” Chang said of the transplant’s durability. “The adults that have had transplants have had a least one rejection episode after the transplant.”

Dr. W. P. Andrew Lee, chairman of the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery at Johns Hopkins University, said the first successful hand transplant occurred in 1999.

“We think it can go indefinitely, but I have to tell you the longest hand transplant was performed just 16 yeas ago,” said Lee, who was not involved with Zion’s surgery. “That’s the track record.”

Other issues the boy might face include the immune system rejecting the tissue or possibly other long-term health consequences of being on immuno-suppressing drugs, Lee said. Zion was already on immuno-suppressants because he had a kidney transplant when he was younger, hospital officials noted.

“In the case of hand transplant, the problem will manifest as rejection of the transplant hand,” Lee explained of possible complications. “If the rejection is mild it can be treated with medication. If it is severe or if it happens repeatedly then it becomes more and more difficult to treat.”

As patients go through physical therapy, they can regain a significant portion of their dexterity, Lee said.

Chang said the goal is currently to get Zion to simply make a fist and open his hand. He said the therapy is complicated because Zion’s hands are completely numb as he recovers.

“We’re waiting for him to regain the ability to feel,” explained Chang. “The nerves have to grow back from his own native nerves into the transplanted hands…It will grow about an inch a month. It’s going to be six months before he gains feeling in the hands.”

Chang said that the hands were attached in a way so that the bone’s “growth plate” was left unharmed.

“The area where we [used] the metal plates to join the bones together, we don’t cross over the growth plate,” explained Chang. He said the bones would be expected to grow until Zion was through puberty.

In video released by the hospital, Zion is able to move his new hands in physical therapy and even seems to scratch an itch on his face. According to his Chang, Zion’s big goal “is to climb the monkey bars.”

But prior to the surgery, the 8-year-old said he knew he would be happy as long as he had his family.

“When I get these hands I will be proud of the hands I get,” he says in a video released by the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia. “If it gets messed up, I don’t care because I have my family.”

Copyright © 2015, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Read More →