k4d/iStock/Thinkstock(CLEVELAND) — Mosquitoes are a common summer nuisance, but according to the Cleveland Clinic, the bothersome buzzers may not be after your food — it may be the scent you put off.

“Mosquitoes are not only attracted to our body odor,” said Jennifer Lucas, MD, a dermatologist at the Cleveland Clinic, “but [also] the things we use to mask body odor.” The clinic says mosquitoes may be attracted to fragrances, deodorants and scented lotions.

Some studies show that people with beer in their bloodstream may end up with more bites, the Cleveland Clinic notes.

The Cleveland Clinic recommends a bug repellent with DEET or picaridin.

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stokkete/iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — This weekend, millions of Americans will hit the road to spend time with family and friends during Memorial Day and celebrate the unofficial kick-off of the summer season.

Unfortunately, the season also means higher rates of injuries, according to experts.

To make sure you can enjoy your long weekend and stay safe, here are a few tips on how to stay safe and enjoy the summer season.

Grilling

Grilling and barbecues can be an important signal that summer has finally returned, but experts say you want to make sure you don’t kick off the season with food poisoning.

About 48 million Americans become sick with food poisoning every year, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Reactions to spoiled food can result in nausea, vomiting, fever or diarrhea.

Marianne Graveley, a specialist at the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s meat and poultry hotline, told ABC News that using a meat thermometer can be important to ensure your hamburger is not dangerously rare.

“With ground beef, color is not a reliable indicator of doneness,” said Graveley, a specialist at the USDA’s meat and poultry hotline.

Meat that’s still pink may be well-done, Graveley said, and meat that’s brown may need more heat.

The ideal temperature range for bacteria to grow is between 40 and 140 degrees, which is why the USDA calls it the “danger zone.” To avoid it, keep hot foods hot, and cold foods cold, Graveley said.

Jennifer Walker, an injury prevention coordinator at the University Hospitals Rainbow Babies & Children’s Hospital in Cleveland, said it’s also important that parents keep a child-free zone around the fiery grill.

“Have a 3-foot kid-free area,” said Walker, who added that cleaning the grill is essential.

“You want to make sure the grill is clean and not full of cobwebs and grease and fat,” which can ignite, said Walker.

Travel

This weekend, 33 million Americans are expected to hit the roads, according to AAA, but more traffic means more traffic accidents.

“We typically call summer ‘trauma season,’” Walker said. “Everything from sports to travel,” can lead to trauma cases.

The National Safety Council warns that, with more cars on the road, Memorial Day weekend can be deadly for travelers. The council estimates that 382 fatalities and 40,900 injuries might occur as a result of traffic accidents this weekend.

“Sadly, we know this long holiday weekend will end with too many preventable deaths and injuries,” said Deborah Hersman, NSC president and CEO. “We issue these estimates to draw attention to risks on the roadways and encourage drivers to take extra precautions so needless tragedies can be prevented.”

Insects

For most Americans, the average flying or crawling pests are not much more than an annoyance. But for some Americans, an insect sting can be dangerous.

The American College of Allergies, Asthma and Immunology estimates that 2 million Americans are allergic to insect stings. That includes people who are at risk of having a potentially fatal reaction to the venom of certain insects.

More than 500,000 Americans end up in the hospital every year because of insect stings and bites, and they cause at least 50 known deaths a year.

Richard Pollack, a public health entomologist and instructor at the Harvard School of Public Health, said it’s imperative for those who are allergic to insect stings to carry around an EpiPen, which can be used to easily inject epinephrine to help ease a severe allergic reaction.

“It does you no good to have it in your medicine cabinet if you’re out and about [and get stung],” said Pollack.

He added that those enjoying the outdoors should also be aware of insects that are more difficult to spot, such as ticks, which can carry Lyme disease or Rocky Mountain spotted fever.

“If you’re going to enjoy the outdoors, even just a backyard barbecue, you run some risk of acquiring a tick,” said Pollack. “At the end of the day, do a tick check on yourself, children and even your pets.”

Pools

The beginning of summer also means the start of pool or beach season for many in the U.S.

Jennifer Walker recommends parents keep an eye on children at all times and have a designated “water watcher” at a pool party.

“There have been incidences that everyone assumed that someone was watching the kids,” said Walker.

She added that it’s important to empty kiddie pools or buckets after a party because even a few inches of water can be dangerous for an infant.

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snowflock/iStock/Thinkstock(WASHINGTON) — The ongoing outbreak of avian flu has prompted four states to declare a state of emergency and 40 million birds being either infected or culled as a result. An now, Minnesota has canceled its poultry shows at the state fair to protect its prize fowl.

But this outbreak is different from previous outbreaks, some of which have led to human infections in other parts of the globe, experts said.

There are multiple strains of the virus in the H5 family affecting birds — nearly all of them in the H5N2 strain, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

In the Far East and parts of the Middle East, bird flu has also led to fatal human infections, experts said. On the other hand, in the U.S. outbreak, no human has been reported infected with the virus in spite of the large spread of the disease across the nation.

Dr. William Schaffner, an infectious disease expert from Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, said in previous outbreaks in Asia, where a version of the H5N1 virus wreaked havoc in the mid 2000’s, people were in much closer contact with their animals than in the U.S.

The virus lacks the ability to infect human beings easily, said Schaffner, explaining that the virus cannot attach well to the cell in the throat area to infect humans. “Their attachment doesn’t fit into the receptor sites of upper part respiratory tract,” he said.

The problem occurs when people are in very close contact with their birds — living cheek-by-jowl with them almost like pets. In those conditions the virus can eventually reach further into their respiratory tract, Schaffner said.

“In those intense exposures [the virus] gets deep into someone’s chest and makes someone sick,” said Schaffner. “Even if it’s in that person, it does not readily spread” to other people.

A human infected with avian flu can face severe flu-like symptoms, including high fever, severe respiratory infection and pneumonia, Schaffner said, noting that the fatality rate can be extremely high — as high as 30 to 40 percent.

While the H5N1 virus was first detected in Asia, it has recently caused an outbreak in Egypt, where 119 people were found to be infected with the virus and 30 died as a result since the beginning of this year.

A genetically different version of an H5N1 virus has recently been found in wild birds in the U.S. and is considered low risk to public health, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. After the initial outbreak of H5N1 in Asia, the CDC has stockpiled some version of a human vaccine for the virus in case of a pandemic, but Schaffner said that would likely be a stop-gap measure until a better, more precise vaccine could be developed to counter whatever mutations the virus has picked up.

Another strain of avian influenza is H7N9, which also was first detected in China in 2013. In that initial outbreak, the CDC reported 132 human H7N9 infections, with 44 deaths.

Dr. Stephen Morse, an epidemiologist and infectious disease expert at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, said that the newer H7N9 virus could be a problem if it spreads from person to person more easily.

“H7N9 might be better able to get into the population and spread,” said Morse, but he clarified that has not been definitively proven.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture is already testing a vaccine to protect birds in the current outbreak, but Morse said that is not always the answer because of the expense and labor involved.

“You’re talking about immunizing billions of animals that are going to live for six months before you send them out,” to be culled, Morse noted. “It’s a big, expensive and laborious operation.”

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Broward Sheriff’s Office(PALM BEACH, Fla.) — A Florida mother has agreed to circumcise her son after spending a week behind bars for refusing to cooperate with a court order to do so, ABC News has learned.

Heather Hironimus, 31, had been in custody since May 14 after going missing for several months with her 4-year-old son, allegedly to avoid circumcising him, according to court records.

Horonimus signed paperwork on Friday to allow the procedure, attorney Ira Marcus, who represents the boy’s father, Dennis Nebus, told ABC News.

Doing so released Horonimus from the civil pick-up order, but not a criminal charge, so it is unclear whether she will be released from jail, he said.

Hironimus has been fighting a legal battle for more than a year with Nebus, over circumcising the child — a disagreement that began even before the child was born, court documents show.

The couple briefly agreed on circumcision in 2012, when they split up, but Hironimus changed her mind, according to ABC News affiliate WPLG-TV.

Hironimus lost a legal battle with Nebus in May 2014 when a Palm Beach County judge ruled that the boy should be circumcised, according to the Orlando Sun Sentinel.

In March 2015, the judge ordered Hironimus to bring the boy in to schedule the circumcision procedure, according to the newspaper.

But Hironimus never showed up in court — prompting a warrant for her arrest, the newspaper reported, also noting that she avoided being arrested because she was living in a domestic violence shelter.

Hironimus filed a federal suit against both Nebus and the judge last month, claiming that her son did not have a medical need to be circumcised, had expressed that he did not want to be circumcised and was afraid of the procedure.

At the boy’s age, the Hironimus’s federal complaint says, there could be negative psychological effects resulting from circumcision.

She has been in Broward County Jail since last Thursday on Palm Beach County charges, including interference with custody and writ of bodily attachment, according to the Palm Beach County Sheriff’s office.

Hironimus’s lawyer did not return multiple requests for comment from ABC News. ABC News was not able to immediately reach Nebus by phone.

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iStock/Thinkstock(MILWAUKEE) — As far as the first responders could tell, the man was dead. He was cold and stiff, according to the medical examiner’s report.

But then on the way to the morgue, he started moving.

The 46-year-old man’s name has not been made public, but the report from the Milwaukee County Medical Examiner’s Office says that he wasn’t alive in two days when his girlfriend called police to check on him because she was unable to reach him. The fire department arrived at his apartment shortly after noon on Tuesday with the building manager and found the man “cold to the touch and in rigor,” according to the report obtained by ABC News.

“They did not attempt to resuscitate him,” the report says.

Someone arrived from the medical examiner’s office at 1 p.m. and noted that the man was found at the foot of the bed, lying on his right side. He was cold and pale, but there was no discoloration associated with pooled blood that’s often found in people who have died.

The family was notified at 2:20 p.m. — but by 2:54, people who’d arrived to take the man to the medical examiner’s office noticed that he began moving his left arm and right leg. He started spontaneously breathing, but the man still didn’t seem to have a pulse.

The fire department returned to take him to the emergency room.

The man’s brother told ABC News’ affiliate station WISN-TV that he was doing better.

The fire department’s assistant chief, Gerard Washington, told ABC News he could not comment because of the ongoing internal investigation into the matter.

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ABC News(NEW YORK) — Like most teenage girls, Mackenzie Langan loves to shop — but those shopping trips used to often end in tears.

Mackenzie, a high school senior, is petite, standing at about 5 feet tall. But her bra size was a 32-H, so she said finding outfits that fit well was a constant challenge.

“It’s nice to have big boobs and a lot of people think that I’m so lucky,” she said. “But like I have back pain, I have shoulder pain, I have like swelling on my shoulders. I have trouble finding clothes. I have all these problems.”

So Mackenzie made a drastic decision to go under the knife for breast reduction surgery on her 18th birthday.

“Someone told me that I was going against God, who gave me a gift, and I shouldn’t be doing this, I’m too young to get this surgery, I shouldn’t be considering plastic surgery at my age,” she said. “And to them I would want to say, I don’t care. I don’t care about your opinion because at the end of the day, it’s my body.”

But Mackenzie is far from alone. Breast reduction surgeries have increased 157 percent in the United States from 1997 to 2013, according to statistics from the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery. Some attribute this to studies that have found girls today go through puberty earlier, pointing to the obesity epidemic or hormones in the modern diet. Other experts say this uptick is simply because the surgery has been perfected to prevent scarring and has become safer.

With younger and younger women seeking out the procedure, questions are being raised about whether teenagers like Mackenzie are old enough to understand the potential risks to having the surgery. Risks include scarring, loss of nipple sensitivity and losing the ability to breastfeed.

But for Mackenzie, the benefits outweighed the risks.

“The risks are scary,” she said. “[But] I’m so ready to take that chance, just take a little leap of faith because I really — it’s going to be worth it in the end.”

She said her breast size had taken a physical and emotional toll on her since her early teens. She suffered constant back pain, chafing and bleeding caused by bra straps, and says that her breasts made it difficult to play the sports she loved.

“I think that the worst part about this for me socially and like that aspect is just walking down the street or walking down the hall at school,” Mackenzie said. “But like being known freshman year as ‘the girl with the giant boobs,’ having guys date me because I have boobs… And it gives me a lot of self-confidence issues because I feel like I can’t trust people.”

“I want to look like normal, I want to look like a normal girl,” she added.

Mackenzie and her mother traveled to Boston Children’s Hospital to meet with Dr. Brian Labow, one of the best known adolescent breast surgeons in the country.

“We see patients as young as 12 or 13 years of age, so middle schoolers, but that is rare,” Dr. Labow said. “The average age of the patients in our clinics is about 18 years of age.”

Labow is one of only a few surgeons who specialize in teen breast reductions, an area that comes with special sensitivities.

But, Labow says, “You can have a patient who is 15 or 16 be perhaps more emotionally mature than someone who is 18. It’s not just the age that is going to dictate that.”

Part of the equation is also the physical toll — the constant shoulder and back pain that plagued Mackenzie.

“It’s not just teen angst,” Labow said. “[These patients] clearly don’t have the same quality of life. It is a big deal.”

“These are amongst, if not, the happiest patients that I could take care of,” he added. “I would say 99.9 percent are ecstatic but it is a very high satisfaction rate for these patients.”

Luckily for Mackenzie, her insurance covered the procedure. Otherwise, it would have cost around $10,000 — nearly three times as much as the cost of an average breast implant surgery.

After the four-hour surgery, Labow and his team said they removed about a pound of tissue from each breast, turning her 32-H breasts into a more comfortable 32-D. Labow said Mackenzie might have to worry about breastfeeding down the road, but for now, the surgery will dramatically increase her quality of life.

“That’s going to be a big difference for her,” Labow said. “And I think she will particularly notice it in her upper back, shoulders, neck area. So she’ll feel lighter right away.”

Two weeks after her surgery, the day her bandages came off, Mackenzie was out shopping for senior prom dresses for her new figure. Since her breast reduction, her dress size has gone from a size 8 to a size 0.

“I didn’t really feel any different until I went to the doctor today and I looked down and I was just like, ‘Oh my God, they’re gone,’” she said. “My back pain is gone, which is like the best thing ever. I can sit up straight without crying, because my back always used to hurt. And I just feel like a completely like new me, and it’s great.”

Watch the full story on ABC News’ Nightline Friday night at 12:35 a.m. ET.

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Caltech/Keck Medicine of USC/Rancho Los Amigos National Rehabilitation Center(DOWNEY, Calif.) — Erik Sorto hasn’t been able to move his arms or legs in more than a decade, but he was recently able to pick up a beer and drink it with a new robotic arm.

Sorto, 34, was paralyzed from the neck down by a gunshot injury when he was 21. Now, thanks to a joint project by Caltech, Keck Medicine of USC and Rancho Los Amigos National Rehabilitation Center, he has become the first patient to have a device surgically implanted into the region of his brain that plans movements, allowing him to move a robotic arm.

“He comes in and he’s plugged in like The Matrix,” Dr. Mindy Aisen, chief medical officer and principal investigator of the Spinal Cord Injury Model System at Rancho, told ABC News, adding that Sorto has exceeded every expectation. “He’s painted pictures, made the smoothies. It’s been a wonderful experience. It’s a very good thing for our patients who are paralyzed to see such tech wizardry.”

For months, Aisen said with Sorto and told him to imagine moving his hand.

“He just — nothing happened,” she said.

So, they turned up the audio so he could hear the sound of his neurons and know that they were working.

“I was there the day it all clicked. He was looking at the robot arm and he was perspiring,” she said. “He started to laugh, to relax. He said, ‘Thumbs up, thumbs down. Thumbs up, thumbs down.'”

And he did it. From there, he gradually learned to perform tasks, from making a smoothie to drinking a beer.

“The project is much bigger than the science fiction excitement of Eric,” Aisen said, explaining that it offers hope for patients who are “locked in” due to ALS severe strokes and other injuries.

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horex/iStock/Thinkstock(SACRAMENTO, Calif.) — Health officials are investigating a cluster of salmonella cases that’s sickened at least 53 people in nine states.

Health officials in California announced on Thursday that the California Department of Public Health is investigating a cluster of salmonella cases that’s sickened 31 people in six counties.

“As the investigation continues, this is a good reminder to Californians that there are sometimes risks when eating raw or undercooked meats, fish or poultry,” CDPH Director Dr. Karen Smith said in a release on Thursday. “This is particularly true for young children, the elderly, or people with compromised immune systems who may be at an increased risk of severe illness.”

Most of the patients reported eating sushi containing raw tuna.

So far, health officials say that ten patients have been hospitalized, but no deaths have been reported.

State and local health departments, including the the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration are continuing to investigate the source of the outbreak.

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horex/iStock/Thinkstock(SACRAMENTO, Calif.) — Health officials are investigating a cluster of salmonella cases that’s sickened at least 53 people in nine states.

Health officials in California announced on Thursday that the California Department of Public Health is investigating a cluster of salmonella cases that’s sickened 31 people in six counties.

“As the investigation continues, this is a good reminder to Californians that there are sometimes risks when eating raw or undercooked meats, fish or poultry,” CDPH Director Dr. Karen Smith said in a release on Thursday. “This is particularly true for young children, the elderly, or people with compromised immune systems who may be at an increased risk of severe illness.”

Most of the patients reported eating sushi containing raw tuna.

So far, health officials say that ten patients have been hospitalized, but no deaths have been reported.

State and local health departments, including the the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration are continuing to investigate the source of the outbreak.

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Ablestock.com/Thinkstock(ORO VALLEY, Ariz.) — When 18-year-old Skylar Mason survived a car crash that killed her father less than a year ago, the whole left side of her face was smashed and doctors reportedly weren’t even sure they could save one of her eyes.

But Mason made a “miraculous recovery”, and today, she’s in good health, Meta Mason, told ABC News affiliate KGUN-TV.

Skylar isn’t even considered legally blind in the eye doctors thought they couldn’t save, and she didn’t have any brain damage, her mother added.

The resilient teen graduated on Wednesday night with honors from Ironwood Ridge High School in Oro Valley, where she delivered an inspiring speech in memory of her late father, Karl Mason.

“No one tells you that unexpected things are going to happen and there’s nothing you can do to prevent them,” Skylar told her fellow 450 graduating classmates.

But despite life’s sometimes devastating surprises, life does guarantee one great thing, Skylar noted at the end of her speech.

“It can’t guarantee your happiness, your success or your safety,” she said, “but no matter what life throws at you, it’s guaranteed your community will be there to support you.”

The young woman received a standing ovation from her class. And though her mom said everything is bittersweet because the two greatly miss Skylar’s father, her mom told KGUN-TV she’s “so, so thankful for Skylar’s miraculous recovery and what’s ahead for her.”

Skylar, an inspiring journalist, plans to attend Walter Cronkite School of Journalism at Arizona State University, KGUN-TV reported.

“I hope [my dad would] be really proud,” Skylar told KGUN-TV. “That’s all I want to do — is be someone that he would be proud of.”

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