Courtesy Melissa Barvels(NEW YORK) — One 8-year-old has penned a hilarious, and brutally honest, how-to-guide for surviving third grade.

Christopher Bannon, of Staten Island, New York, wrote the guide, simply titled “How to Survive 3rd Grade,” for a school assignment, according to his mom, Melissa Barvels.

Christopher and his third grade classmates were assigned to write their own survival guides after reading “Amelia’s School Survival Guide” by Marissa Moss.

Christopher’s tips for third graders include everything from the obvious – “Always work quietly or else” and “Do not forget your homework” – to the very specific.

“Do not lay down in the meeting area,” Christopher wrote. “Trust me I have tried it is not as comfortable as it looks.”

When Christopher brought his survival guide home, his mom found it so funny she shared it on Facebook. Christopher told his mom he got a similar reaction from his classmates and teachers.

“He said when he read it aloud his teachers and friends were laughing,” Barvels told ABC News. “He really wanted me to read it and he was really proud of it.”

Barvels, who described her son as “very witty,” said she was particularly impressed by how spot-on the tips were, especially coming from an 8-year-old.

“Look good on picture day because if you do not it is not going to look so good as a magnet on your refrigerator door,” Christopher wrote.

Another spot-on tip?

“Pick your groups wisely because there is no turning back once you get a paper,” he wrote.

“I guess he has to deal with that all the time,” Barvels said.

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ABC(LOS ANGELES) — The two men who interrupted Ryan Lochte’s first appearance on Dancing With the Stars are now facing criminal charges.

The Los Angeles City Attorney’s Office filed criminal complaints on Monday against Sam Sotoodeh and Barzeen Soroudi, who rushed the stage of the ABC show earlier this month to protest Lochte’s casting.

They have been charged with two misdemeanors – leaving a spectator area and entering a stage and interfering with a performance – and could face six months in jail and a $1,000 fine.

Their arraignment has been set for Oct. 4.

During the season premiere of Dancing With the Stars, Sotoodeh and Soroudi interrupted the broadcast by stepping onto the dance floor and screaming “liar” at Lochte – a reference to the Olympian’s claim that he was robbed at the Rio Summer Olympics. He later said that he “overexaggerated” the story, and the United States Olympic Committee banned him for 10 months. Sotoodeh and Soroudi were detained by security and arrested for misdemeanor trespassing, according to the Los Angeles Police Department. The next day, they were released on $1,000 bail.

“Everyone deserves a second chance, but we had to say our protest, as well,” Soroudi told ABC News.

As a result of the incident, the show conducted “a full evaluation of security procedures” and planned to make any changes necessary, a representative said at the time. Lochte remains a competitor on the program.

“When I was asked to do the show, the one thing that I kept hearing was that it was like joining a big family. After Monday’s incident, I now know what that means,” he wrote on Instagram at the time of the protest. “I have gotten so much love from everyone on the show, including my partner Cheryl [Burke], my fellow competitors, the producers, the security team and its fans. I appreciate the opportunity to be a part of the show, and more than ever, I am dedicated to my new family and to working hard to do my best.”

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ABC News(EUCLID, Ohio) — The Ohio high school football player whose death came two days after he suffered a game-related injury died of peritonitis, or inflammation of the abdominal cavity lining, which resulted from a small-bowel laceration caused by blunt impact to his abdomen, the Cuyahoga County Medical Examiner said.

Andre Jackson’s autopsy was performed Tuesday, as video emerged showing his collision with an opposing team member in a game last week.

In the video, Jackson, visible by his No. 48 jersey, can be seen attempting to retrieve the ball before he appears to be unintentionally kicked in his abdomen by a member of the Solon High School football team. The opposing player tumbles forward after coming into contact with Jackson.

Jackson, 17, died Sunday, two days after being injured during Friday night’s game against Solon High School, district officials announced that day. His head football coach, Jeff Rotsky, told ABC Cleveland affiliate WEWS-TV that Jackson was injured during a “pooch kick” when both he and another player were going for the ball.

Rotsky said he thinks Jackson either got “kicked or kneed” during the “pooch kick,” a low, short kickoff that tends to bounce on the ground before the receiving team picks it up. He called the special teams play “completely normal.”

After Jackson was injured in the play, he went to the hospital and was later released, the Solon City School District confirmed with ABC News. That district released the game video.

Jackson, a junior at Euclid High School, played fullback and outside linebacker for the school, according to WEWS-TV.

In a statement, Euclid High School called Jackson a “hardworking student athlete” who “brought smiles to all those with whom he came in contact.”

Rotsky said that Jackson “deserved so much more, adding that “a day won’t go by” that he won’t think about his smile.

“He was what you want to see out of a young man who wanted more out of life,” Rotsky said.

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Joe Caveretta/Sun Sentinel/TNS via Getty Images(MIAMI) — The friend of a man who died along with Miami Marlins star pitcher Jose Fernandez, sent a text message warning to “please be careful” and “keep him close to shore,” according to a screenshot posted to social media.

The texts, posted to Instagram by Will Bernal Sunday, offered some potential insight into the circumstances surrounding the deadly crash in which Fernandez, 24, Eduardo Rivero, 25 and Emilio Macias, 27 died. The messages with Bernal telling Rivero to “please be careful” and to “keep him close to shore.”

Fernandez purportedly argued with his girlfriend in the hours before the crash, the Miami Herald reported, but ABC News has not confirmed that information. The Florida Fish and Wildlife Commission, which is investigating, did not immediately respond to ABC News’ request for comment regarding the allegations that Fernandez had been arguing with his girlfriend.

The boat carrying the men smashed into a jetty on Miami Beach Sunday, according to the Florida Fish and Wildlife Commission.

The boat was registered in Fernandez’s name, but it is not clear who was operating the boat at the time of the crash, the FWC said. Speeding is suspected to be a factor, and the investigation is ongoing.

In the texts, Rivero responds, “Trust me it’s not my time yet,” and Bernal texts back, telling Rivero to “keep Jose cool” as well as to turn on the Find My iPhone app.

“It’s on,” Rivero says. He then sends Bernal a map, the posts show.

Bernal wrote in the Instagram caption, posted Sunday, that it was the last conversation he had with Rivero and that he felt “sick” to his “stomach.”

“Everyone is talking about Jose Fernandez, but you died trying to be there for him and be a good friend,” Bernal wrote. “This doesn’t sit with me well.”

Bernal wrote that Rivero had gone “to help” Fernandez when the star pitcher called him. It was not clear with what and Bernal did not immediately comment to ABC News.

“I tried so hard to tell you not to go out on that boat,” Bernal said. “It didn’t feel right and we both knew it.”

The entire Marlins roster wore No. 16 jerseys to honor Fernandez in the game against the Mets Monday night, which was the first game since his death. Infielder Dee Gordon hit a leadoff home run, his first homer of the season, and fought back tears as he jogged toward home plate.

Gordon said after the game that Fernandez should have been “cheering” for him from the dugout. The Marlins won the game 7-3. The two teams will face off again tonight at Marlins Park.

The team canceled its Sunday game against the Atlanta Braves following the news of Fernandez’s death.

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Julian Finney/Getty Images(NEW YORK) — Serena Williams took to Facebook Tuesday, writing in a lengthy post that she won’t be silent any longer when it comes to race relations and police-involved incidents in America.

The tennis icon had a moment of reflection while riding in the back of her car, with her 18-year-old nephew driving.

“In the distance I saw [a] cop on the side of the road. I quickly checked to see if [my nephew] was obliging by the speed limit,” she wrote.

But Williams, 35, then wrote she remembered the case of Philando Castile, who was shot after he was pulled over in Minnesota with his girlfriend and child in the car.

The aftermath of the Castile shooting was captured on video, with his girlfriend saying police shot him as he was putting his hands up. The officer who shot him can be heard on the video saying he told Castile “not to reach for it,” referring to his licensed pistol.

“All of this went through my mind in a matter of seconds. I even regretted not driving myself,” she continued. “I would never forgive myself if something happened to my nephew. He’s so innocent. So were all ‘the others.'”

Williams referenced other police-involved shootings and added, “not ‘everyone’ is bad It is just the ones that are ignorant, afraid, uneducated, and insensitive … Why did I have to think about this in 2016?”

Williams decided to act now and in the future.

“I … wondered than have I spoken up? I had to take a look at me. What about my nephews? What if I have a son and what about my daughters?” she wrote. “As Dr. Martin Luther King said ‘ There comes a time when silence is betrayal’.”

She signed the post, “I Won’t Be Silent.”

After a tumultuous 2016, Williams isn’t the only sports legend to speak up. In July, Michael Jordan broke his silence with a statement to the Undefeated.

“As a proud American, a father who lost his own dad in a senseless act of violence, and a black man, I have been deeply troubled by the deaths of African-Americans at the hands of law enforcement and angered by the cowardly and hateful targeting and killing of police officers,” he said.

“I know this country is better than that, and I can no longer stay silent,” he added.

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Courtesy Dylan Ryder(NEW YORK) — A veteran firefighter was killed and multiple people were injured in an explosion and fire at a house in New York City Tuesday that contained evidence of a possible drug lab inside, according to the New York City Fire Department.

FDNY Battalion Chief Michael Fahy and other local authorities originally responded to the home early this morning after a caller reported a gas odor, Fire Commissioner Dan Nigro said at a news conference Tuesday.

When fire officials and police knocked on the door of the home, someone exited the single-family house, which then exploded and subsequently caught on fire, a law enforcement source briefed on the case told ABC News Tuesday.

A large piece of debris from the house’s roof struck Fahy in the head, and more than a dozen other people on the street were injured, Nigro said. Fahy and those injured were transported to a local New York-Presbyterian Hospital, where Fahy succumbed to his injuries and died.

“We lost a hero today and our members are all saddened,” Nigro said Tuesday. He added that Fahy and responders were able to evacuate the surrounding area before the explosion.

The New York City Police Department had been in the initial stages of investigating the home as a possible marijuana grow house at the time of the explosion, Police Commissioner James O’Neill said at the news conference.

Trained eyes saw remnants of the alleged marijuana growing operation in the wreckage Tuesday, and the house was most likely being rented by a local area distribution crew, according to the law enforcement source briefed on the case.

The source added that ConEd had turned off gas to the home when officials initially responded to the report of odor.

Investigators are now apparently looking at possible alternate gas sources, including butane hash oil production, as they also search for the person who exited the home prior to the explosion, the law enforcement source said.

The U.S. Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco and Firearms (ATF) confirmed to ABC News Tuesday that it is investigating, alongside local New York City authorities, to determine whether the blast was possibly connected to the alleged marijuana growing operation.

Mayor Bill de Blasio ordered all flags in the city to fly at half-staff Tuesday in memory of Fahy, a 17-year veteran of the FDNY and a father of three.

Tuesday was “a very sad day for our city,” de Blasio said at the news conference.

The mayor added that Fahy “made the ultimate sacrifice to this city,” and that his loss was “a reminder of the dangers that our first responders face every day, the dangers that the men and women of the FDNY face and the bravery with which they do their job.”

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JOSH EDELSON/AFP/Getty Images(SANTA CRUZ, Calif.) — Evacuations remained underway for hundreds of residents near California’s Santa Cruz Mountains Tuesday as firefighters continued to battle the fast-moving Loma blaze.

The fire, which started Monday around 3 p.m., had scorched at least 1,000 acres and was 5 percent contained, according to the Cal Fire Santa Clara Unit earlier Tuesday.

Record-breaking, triple-digit heat in addition to California’s drought helped fuel the blaze, driving the flames from just a spark to more than 3 square miles Monday. More than 500 firefighters were working around the clock, with more on the way.

“After dark, as we’re fighting fire in unfamiliar terrain — with obviously dangers of the fire itself and the movement of the fire — it definitely presents a considerable amount of danger to us, you know, besides just that firefighting aspect,” Capt. Christopher Salcido told ABC News affiliate KGO-TV in San Francisco.

Mandatory evacuation orders were announced for Little Uvas and Croy roads, according to KGO-TV. Cal Fire said that 300 structures were threatened. The National Weather Service radar station was forced to shutter after flames started lapping near the building.

One firefighter was reportedly injured and Cal Fire said that two homes had been destroyed.

“I’m a little nervous,” Mary Lindsay told SFGate.com. “I can see all the smoke billowing up from the fire.”

The fire’s cause remained under investigation.

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Jason Miller/Getty Images(NEW YORK) — LeBron James doesn’t mince words when it comes to the threat of police violence against the black community.

“I look at my son being four years removed from driving his own car and being able to leave the house on his own,” the NBA star said on Monday, prior to the beginning of training camp for his Cleveland Cavaliers. “It’s a scary thought right now to think if my son gets pulled over, and you tell your kids if you just [comply], and you just listen to the police that they will be respectful and things will work itself out. And you see these videos that continue to come out. It’s a scary-a** situation that if my son calls me and said he’s been pulled over, that I’m not that confident that things are going to go well and that my son is going to return home.”

James referred specifically to the wave of sports protests started by San Francisco 49ers quarterback Colin Kaepernick.

At “media day” around the country Monday, NBA players and coaches joined James in voicing concerns about police shootings. Roughly 75 percent of the players in the NBA are black, and some of the most famous black athletes in America play the sport, including James.

At the San Antonio Spurs’ media day, widely-respected head coach Gregg Popovich, who is white, also spoke about the issue of race, calling it “the elephant in the room in our country.”

2016 Olympic gold medal winner Carmelo Anthony spoke of the need to address the issue of police shootings at the New York Knicks’ media day.

“We want to do it in the right way,” Anthony said Monday. “Whatever we do, we want to do it as a collective group.”

Following the police shooting deaths of Alton Sterling and Philando Castile in July, which were captured on video and spurred large protests across the country, Anthony reached out to fellow athletes on social media, urging them to “step up and take charge” of the political environment.

“These politicians have to step up and fight for change. I’m calling for all my fellow ATHLETES to step up and take charge,” Anthony wrote in an Instagram post that featured an image from 1967 of top black athletes, including Jim Brown and Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, holding a news conference in support Muhammad Ali’s refusal to be drafted into the Army during the Vietnam War.

Anthony revisited the sentiment Monday.

“Everybody sees what’s going on out there in the sports world and what everybody is talking about,” Anthony said, referring to the protests started by Kaepernick. “So for me it’s not about one single gesture. If the guys want to create a gesture or figure it out, we’ll figure it out. We will address those issues. My goal is to keep the conversation moving, the conversation going. Talking to the right people, getting in front of the right people, making a stand for kinda what we believe in — whether you’re black, white, indifferent. I think it’s for everybody to come on board and figure everything out.”

Former NFL quarterback-turned-sports talk show host, Boomer Esiason, who is white, drew criticism for preemptively voicing concerns about the possibility of a protest.

“If Carmelo Anthony walks on the court in a Knicks uniform and starts in with this,” Esiason said, “I think it’s going to create a lot of problems.”

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Peter Zay/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images(CHARLOTTE, N.C.) — Peaceful protesters crowded Charlotte, North Carolina’s first city council meeting since the cop shooting of Keith Lamont Scott, with over 50 people speaking out against police violence.

But none of them stood out Monday quite as much as a young girl.

Zianna Oliphant, her hair done up in braids and tears streaking her face, brought into focus the stress police shootings place on children, as well as the pain the black community of Charlotte has suffered in the wake of Scott’s death last week.

“I’ve been born and raised in Charlotte. And I never felt this way until now and I can’t stand how we’re treated,” the grade-school girl said, wiping away tears.

She expressed the hardship that children face when a parent dies. Scott himself, who was African-American, had seven children.

“It’s a shame that we have to go to their graveyard and bury them. And we have tears. We shouldn’t have tears. We need our fathers and mothers to be by our side,” she said.

Zianna, as well as the protesters in the room who chanted “no justice, no peace” after she spoke, helped to underscore the degree to which communal wounds have been slow to heal in North Carolina’s most populous city since the shooting.

Protests started on the streets of Charlotte after news of Scott’s shooting broke last Tuesday and, occasionally, became violent as they continued deeper into the week.

The scene grew especially tense Wednesday night when police clad in riot gear fired tear gas and rubber bullets at demonstrators. Some people in the crowds threw bottles and rocks at officers and passing cars, blocked an interstate highway, surrounded and jumped on vehicles, looted businesses and stormed the entrance of a Hyatt hotel, injuring two of its employees.

At the city council meeting, Charlotte Mayor Jennifer Roberts called for decorum at several points during public remarks. At several points, protesters yelled criticism of her and Police Chief Kerr Putney.

After the meeting wrapped up, The Charlotte Observer reported, more than 20 protesters moved to the lobby of the Government Center.

“Release. Release. The whole damn tape,” the protesters chanted, according to the newspaper.

Ray Dotch, Scott’s brother-in-law, on Monday called for the release of the entire video of his shooting in an interview with ABC News.

Chief Putney has released body and dashboard camera videos of the fatal police shooting of Scott, answering to demands made by community leaders, protesters and politicians. But it is not entirely clear from those videos or from the one taken by Scott’s wife, Rakeiya Scott, that the victim had a gun on his person, as the police allege. It is also not entirely clear that he brandished it in such a way that would have posed a threat to the officers who approached him.

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Courtesy Dylan Ryder(NEW YORK) — A firefighter was killed and multiple people were injured in an explosion and fire in a house in New York City Tuesday that contained evidence of a possible drug lab inside, according to the New York City Fire Department.

The explosion and fire happened around 7:30 a.m. Tuesday after the FDNY initially responded to follow up on a call reporting a gas leak, the FDNY told ABC News.

A firefighter died after being hit by debris from the explosion, the FDNY said. At least five other people were reported injured.

After finding evidence of what may have been a drug lab in the home, the New York City Police Department has also been called in to investigate, the FDNY said.

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