About the author  ⁄ WFIN

NASA/JHUAPL/SwRI(NEW YORK) — NASA’s New Horizons sent back an image showing a “Super Grand Canyon” on Pluto’s largest moon, Charon, that’s longer and deeper than the Grand Canyon here on Earth.

The canyon, which is informally named Argo Chasma, is estimated to be 430 miles long and as deep as 5.5 miles, according to NASA. By comparison, the Grand Canyon in Arizona is 280 miles long and is a little more than a mile deep.

The image was taken when New Horizons was 289,000 miles away from Charon. The space probe made a historic flyby of Pluto and its moons last July, and has since been sending photos and data back to Earth.

The spacecraft, equipped with a power system that converts radiation from decaying plutonium into electricity, loses about a few watts each year but may have enough power for two more decades of exploration, according to NASA. It’s currently moving through the Kuiper Belt, an area full of tiny, icy worlds at the edge of the solar system.

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Read More →

Google(NEW YORK) — Voters in the United Kingdom have chosen to leave the European Union, but it seems some people in the country still feel confused about the situation.

Google Trends revealed what was on the minds of people in the U.K. as they searched for clarity around the so-called Brexit. After the polls closed Thursday night, Google reported a 250 percent spike in this question: “What happens if we leave the E.U.?”

That search for answers continued Friday morning as people in the U.K. searched for what happens next. The No. 2 most-searched question: What is the E.U.?”

“What is the EU?” is the second top UK question on the EU since the #EURefResults were officially announced pic.twitter.com/1q4VAX3qcm

— GoogleTrends (@GoogleTrends) June 24, 2016

Another search worth noting: Google saw a 100 percent spike from people in the U.K. wondering how to get an Irish passport, which would allow them to still enjoy the same rights of an E.U. citizen.

+100% spike in UK searches for “getting an Irish passport” after #Brexit votehttps://t.co/qyssi0v91x pic.twitter.com/aUdHplLMaS

— GoogleTrends (@GoogleTrends) June 24, 2016

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Read More →

iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — Waking up to the news that United Kingdom voters chose in the so-called Brexit referendum Thursday to leave the European Union, many Americans turned to Google to figure out what comes next.

Google Trends reveals the top questions people in the United States have been asking since the announcement earlier Friday of the official results showing that 51.9 percent of voters chose to exit the E.U.

Here’s are the top 10 questions Americans are asking:

1. What is ‘Brexit?’

2. What does Brexit mean for us?

3. What is the European Union?

4. Why is Brexit bad?

5. What is the Brexit referendum?

6. What is Brexit all about?

7. Why did the UK leave the EU?

8. What does Brexit mean for the USA?

9. Why is Brexit good?

10. Why leave?

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Read More →

Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images(SOUTH AYRSHIRE, Scotland) — Presumptive Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump, in Scotland for a two-day business trip, Friday called the United Kingdom’s vote to leave the European Union “purely historic,” even though a majority Scottish voters indicated they wanted to remain part of the EU.

Trump compared the U.K. referendum vote, “dubbed Brexit,” to America’s presidential election. “People really see a big parallel,” he noted Friday at a news conference at his Turnberry golf course.

“What I like is that I love to see people take their country back. And that’s really what’s happening in the United States,” Trump said.

Overall in the UK, 52 percent voted to leave the 28-member bloc, while 48.1 percent voted to stay. However, in Scotland there was a very different result with 62 percent voting to stay and 38 percent to leave.

Before Friday’s news conference, Trump tweeted that Scotland was “going wild” over the United Kingdom’s vote to leave the European Union, despite Scotland’s preference to remain in the E.U.

“Just arrived in Scotland. Place is going wild over the vote,” Trump tweeted.

Just arrived in Scotland. Place is going wild over the vote. They took their country back, just like we will take America back. No games!

— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) June 24, 2016

He added: “They took their country back, just like we will take America back. No games!”

On the global impact of Brexit, Trump told reporters Friday this will happen “more and more,” pointing to Germany specifically and its refugee crisis. Trump also argued that the E.U. “looks like it’s on its way” to breaking up.

“You are going to have, I think, many other cases where they want to take their borders back,” Trump said. “They want to take their monetary back. They want to take a lot of things back. They want to be able to have a country again.”

When asked how leaders should unite, Trump answered, “You unite people by having a happy country.”

“When people pour into the country and it doesn’t work, whether it’s because of crime or, you know, various other things,” he continued. “So you can’t unite a country by forcing things down the people’s throats and that’s what happened here.”

Breaking with old tradition that “politics stops at the water’s edge,” Trump then predicted that the Brexit vote would have gone differently if President Obama hadn’t urged Britain to remain in the E.U.

“But I was actually very surprised that President Obama would have come over here; he would have been so bold as to tell the people over here what to do,” Trump said. “And I think that a lot of people don’t like him. I think if he had not said it; I think your results might have been different. But when he said it, people were not happy about it. And I thought it was totally inappropriate.”

Trump isn’t traveling with his foreign advisers, but said he was in touch with them, although admitting, “There’s nothing to talk about.”

He will continue his trip in Scotland Saturday with a visit to his other golf course and resort property in Aberdeen.

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Read More →

iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — World leaders reacted swiftly to the United Kingdom’s historic vote to leave the European Union, with many expressing deep concern and uncertainty over the referendum.

French President Francois Hollande said Friday morning he will meet with Italian Premier Matteo Renzi and German Chancellor Angela Merkel Monday after Britain voted Thursday to leave the E.U.

Here’s reaction from other leaders around the world:


“The British people have decided to leave the European Union. As it defines the next chapter in its relationship with the EU, I know that the United Kingdom’s position in NATO will remain unchanged. The UK will remain a strong and committed NATO Ally, and will continue to play its leading role in our Alliance.”


“I profoundly regret this decision for the United Kingdom and for Europe, but the choice is theirs and we have to respect it,” French President Francois Hollande told reporters Friday after a meeting with his ministers.

French leftist Jean-Luc Mélenchon said on French radio Friday morning, “This is the end of a world that begins with this Brexit. This teaches a lesson to the whole of Europe; either we change it or we leave it. This is the time for a plan B.”


Prime Minister Enda Kenny said the result has “very significant implications” for Ireland. He was due to make a statement after a special meeting of ministers Friday.


Spain’s foreign minister proposed sharing Britain’s small Mediterranean enclave of Gibraltar after Britain voted to exit the European Union, saying it would allow the overseas territory to maintain access to the E.U.’s single market.


After an emergency meeting with parliamentary heads, German Chancellor Angela Merkel expressed “great regret” over the result and warned Europe shouldn’t draw “quick and simple conclusions” that would create further division.

Norbert Röttgen, a senior member of Angela Merkel’s Christian Democratic Union (CDU) Party, decried Brexit as the “biggest catastrophe in the history of European integration.”


Foreign minister Paolo Gentiloni said, “The decision of the British voters must be a wake-up call.”


Konstantin Kosachev, head of the foreign affairs committee in Russia’s upper house of Parliament, told the Interfax news agency that the E.U. “has not solved its main problem: to become understood by and convenient for the broader masses of the population.”

But “this is an issue for the E.U. foremost to draw conclusions from, and Britain only second,” he said.


The Foreign Minister of Japan, Fumio Kishida, released a statement Friday morning that the country will closely observe the impact of those developments on Japan and the international community. Kishida added that the government of Japan will continue to make efforts to maintain and strengthen the Japan-U.K .relations.

South Korea

South Korea’s economic and financial authorities have held an emergency meeting to discuss ways to fend off any possible fallout from the British withdrawal from the European Union, the news agency Yonhap reported.


Prime Minister Alexi Tsipras said the result is a “negative development,” adding that the migrant crisis was partly to blame for the Brexit vote.


The Swedish prime minister says the vote result was a “wake-up call” for the E.U., and says it must show it can respond to people’s expectations.

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Read More →

iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — The Dow Jones Industrial Average slumped 565 points Friday morning after Britain decided to leave the European Union.

Britain’s unprecedented vote to exit the E.U. has stunned investors, pushing global markets and currencies into free fall.

From Europe to Asia to the United States, financial markets are showing panic over the so-called Brexit vote and the ensuing market uncertainty and volatility that it could unleash.


Britain’s FTSE 100, the country’s blue chip stock index plummeted as much as 8.7 percent before clawing back to a loss of 4.9 percent when the London stock exchange opened Friday after the vote to leave the bloc. The FTSE 250 plunged even further, by 12.3 percent, before recovering slightly to 7.1 percent.

The referendum vote also prompted Prime Minister David Cameron, who had campaigned for the United Kingdom to remain in the EU, to announce his resignation.

On the currency front, the British pound sterling took a nose dive to its weakest level in 31 years, as investors fled risky assets for the U.S. dollar and the Japanese yen.

The euro, the single currency shared by 19 of the EU member states, fell 2.89 percent against the dollar.

In stock markets across the English Channel, the pan-European STOXX 600 index was down 7.34 percent. France’s CAC index dropped to 8.6 percent. Germany’s DAX slid as much as 10 percent before recovering slightly to 7.04 percent. Spain’s IBEX 35 tanked to 12.39 percent.


Investors reacted in Asia as well.

Japan’s Nikkei 225 saw its worst day since March 2011. The Japanese stock index ended down 7.92 percent Friday. The Japanese yen, however, strengthened as much as 7.2 percent against the dollar for the first time since November 2013.

On mainland China, the Shanghai composite slid 1.22 percent while the Shenzhen composite fell 0.76 percent. Hong Kong’s Hang Seng index ended down 2.92 percent. The offshore yuan, traded in Hong Kong, slid 0.8 percent against the dollar, while the onshore currency traded in Shanghai weakened 0.5 percent.

South Korea’s benchmark Kospi tumbled 3.09 percent. The Korean won shed 2.5 percent against the dollar.

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Read More →

iStock/Thinkstock(LONDON) — Brexit could now threaten the unity of the United Kingdom as Scotland and Northern Ireland raise the prospect of holding their own referendums to leave the U.K.

The option of an independence referendum for Scotland is “on the table,” Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon said Friday, speaking shortly after results of a referendum signaled that the U.K. had voted to leave the European Union.

Scotland was firmly in the “Remain” camp with 62 percent who voted to stay, against 38 percent for leaving the U.K. While Scots voted to remain in the U.K. in a 2014 referendum, Thursday’s vote could prompt them to at least call for another vote.

Sturgeon said it was “democratically unacceptable” for Scotland to be taken out of the E.U. and insured she would take “all possible steps and explore all options.”

In Northern Ireland, where 56 percent voted to remain in the E.U., the Deputy First Minister Martin McGuinness has also called for a vote on a United Ireland.

In a statement, the Irish government said the result had “very significant implications for Ireland, as well as for Britain and for the European Union.”

Spain has also said it will seek co-sovereignty of Britain’s small Mediterranean enclave of Gibraltar. The territory voted 96 percent to stay in the E.U. and is wholly reliant on Spain for trade and access.

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Read More →

Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images(SOUTH AYRSHIRE, Scotland) — While in Scotland for a two-day business trip, Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump called the United Kingdom’s vote to leave the European Union “purely historic.”

“It was very exciting coming in,” he said at a news conference held from Trump’s Turnberry golf course, adding, “It’s an honor to be with you.”

Trump touched down in Scotland just hours after the results of the referendum were announced.

About 51.9 percent of the U.K. voted to leave the E.U., while 48.1 percent voted to remain.

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Read More →

BEN STANSALL/AFP/Getty Images(LONDON) — British Prime Minister David Cameron announced Friday morning that he will step down as prime minister in the fall, saying the country needs “fresh leadership.”

His announcement follows UK voters’ historic referendum decision to leave the European Union.

He said he will continue as prime minister with his cabinet for the next three months, and will step down in time for the Conservative party’s conference.

“I love this country and feel honored to have served it,” Cameron said. “Will of British people must be respected.”

He added, “The British people have spoken….This was not a decision taken lightly. There can be no doubt about the result. I will reassure the markets that British economy is strong. This will require strong leadership. I’ve been proud to be prime minister for six years.”

ABC Breaking News | Latest News Videos


Good morning everyone, the country has just taken part in a giant democratic exercise, perhaps the biggest in our history.

Over 33 million people from England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and Gibraltar have all had their say.

We should be proud of the fact that in these islands we trust the people for these big decisions.

We not only have a parliamentary democracy, but on questions about the arrangements for how we’ve governed there are times when it is right to ask the people themselves and that is what we have done.

The British people have voted to leave the European Union and their will must be respected.

I want to thank everyone who took part in the campaign on my side of the argument, including all those who put aside party differences to speak in what they believe was the national interest and let me congratulate all those who took part in the Leave campaign for the spirited and passionate case that they made.

The will of the British people is an instruction that must be delivered. It was not a decision that was taken lightly, not least because so many things were said by so many different organisations about the significance of this decision.

So there can be no doubt about the result.

Across the world people have been watching the choice that Britain has made. I would reassure those markets and investors that Britain’s economy is fundamentally strong and I would also reassure Britons living in European countries and European citizens living here there will be no immediate changes in your circumstances.

There will be no initial change in the way our people can travel, in the way our goods can move or the way our services can be sold.

We must now prepare for a negotiation with the European Union. This will need to involve the full engagement of the Scottish, Welsh and Northern Ireland governments to ensure that the interests of all parts of our United Kingdom are protected and advanced. But above all this will require strong, determined and committed leadership.

I’m very proud and very honoured to have been Prime Minister of this country for six years.

I believe we’ve made great steps, with more people in work than ever before in our history, with reforms to welfare and education, increasing people’s life chances, building a bigger and stronger society, keeping our promises to the poorest people in the world and enabling those who love each other to get married whatever their sexuality, but above all restoring Britain’s economic strength.

And I’m grateful to everyone who’s helped to make that happen. I have also always believed that we have to confront big decisions, not duck them.

That is why we delivered the first coalition government in 70 years, to bring our economy back from the brink.

It’s why we delivered a fair, legal and decisive referendum in Scotland. And it’s why I made the pledge to renegotiate Britain’s position in the European Union and to hold the referendum on our membership and have carried those things out.

I fought this campaign in the only way I know how, which is to say directly and passionately what I think and feel – head, heart and soul.

I held nothing back, I was absolutely clear about my belief that Britain is stronger, safer and better off inside the European Union and I made clear the referendum was about this and this alone – not the future of any single politician including myself.

But the British people have made a very clear decision to take a different path and as such I think the country requires fresh leadership to take it in this direction.

I will do everything I can as Prime Minister to steady the ship over the coming weeks and months but I do not think it would be right for me to try to be the captain that steers our country to its next destination.

This is not a decision I’ve taken lightly but I do believe it’s in the national interest to have a period of stability and then the new leadership required.

There is no need for a precise timetable today but in my view we should aim to have a new prime minister in place by the start of the Conservative Party conference in October.

Delivering stability will be important and I will continue in post as Prime Minister with my Cabinet for the next three months.

The Cabinet will meet on Monday, the Governor of the Bank of England is making a statement about the steps that the Bank and the Treasury are taking to reassure financial markets.

We will also continue taking forward the important legislation that we set before Parliament in the Queen’s Speech.

And I have spoken to Her Majesty the Queen this morning to advise her of the steps that I am taking.

A negotiation with the European Union will need to begin under a new prime minister and I think it’s right that this new prime minister takes the decision about when to trigger Article 50 and start the formal and legal process of leaving the EU.

I will attend the European Council next week to explain the decision the British people have taken and my own decision.

The British people have made a choice, that not only needs to be respected but those on the losing side of the argument – myself included – should help to make it work.

Britain is a special country – we have so many great advantages – a parliamentary democracy where we resolve great issues about our future through peaceful debate, a great trading nation with our science and arts, our engineering and our creativity, respected the world over.

And while we are not perfect I do believe we can be a model for the multi-racial, multi-faith democracy, that people can come and make a contribution and rise to the very highest that their talent allows.

Although leaving Europe was not the path I recommended, I am the first to praise our incredible strengths.

I said before that Britain can survive outside the European Union and indeed that we could find a way.

Now the decision has been made to leave, we need to find the best way and I will do everything I can to help.

I love this country and I feel honoured to have served it and I will do everything I can in future to help this great country succeed.

Thank you very much.

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Read More →

iStock/Thinkstock(LONDON) — The United Kingdom voted in a referendum Thursday to leave the European Union, according to the United Kingdom Electoral Commission.

The Leave side garnered 51.9 percent of the vote, while the Remain side garnered 48.1 percent, according to the Commission.

Shortly after 6:30 a.m. local time (1:30 a.m. ET), the winning side became apparent, when the Leave side had more than 17 million votes, exceeding the 16.8 million needed to win — which is more than 50% of the vote.

Jenny Watson, chairwoman of the United Kingdom Electoral Commission soon after officially declared that the UK voted to leave the European Union. Voter turnout at 72.2 percent was very high for the UK.

Nigel Farage, leader of the UK Independence Party, a proponent of the Leave movement tweeted, “We’ve got our country back. Thanks to all of you. #IndependenceDay.”

Farage also tweeted a video to his supporters in which he said, “We’ve done it..We’ve overturned the establishment, the big banks, the big businesses.”

We have done it! #IndependenceDayhttps://t.co/C96aoqlnpM

— Nigel Farage (@Nigel_Farage) June 24, 2016

Farage was also quick to make the TV interview rounds, kicking off his morning with an apperance on Good Morning Britain, on which he said “I almost didn’t dare to dream it would happen.”

Today is a victory for decent, ordinary people who have taken on the establishment and won. #IndependenceDayhttps://t.co/j3gTHqZIg7

— Nigel Farage (@Nigel_Farage) June 24, 2016

England and Wales supported Leave, while Scotland and Northern Ireland voted Remain.

More than 1.6 million Scottish votes backed Remain against Leave’s around 1 million Scottish votes.

More than 440,000 Northern Irish voters supported Remain and about 349,000 backed Leave.

England supported Leave by nearly 15 million votes against Remain’s 13 million. London, including West Oxfordshire, home to Prime Minister David Cameron’s Witney constituency, supported Remain.

European Union officials in Brussels are trying to figure out the next steps after the UK’s dramatic decision. Jean-Claude Juncker, the European Commission President, is hosting meetings Friday with the leaders of the European Council and Parliament, and Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte, whose country holds the EU’s rotating presidency. They will attempt to agree on how to handle the vote, which could lead to a member country leaving the EU for the first time in history.

Donald Tusk, president of the European Council, tweeted his reaction, writing, “We are prepared for this negative scenario. There will be no legal vacuum.” He also tweeted a video of his press conference:

My remarks on the outcome of the referendum in the UK: https://t.co/Iy8lVk9W3L Video: https://t.co/BHyhShRnj5 #UKreferendum #UKref

— Donald Tusk (@eucopresident) June 24, 2016

The first results from England Friday showed greater than expected support for leaving. Newcastle, which was the first to declare a result in the country, voted to remain in the EU but by a very small margin: 50.7 percent voted to stay while 49.3 percent voted to Leave. Sunderland voted to Leave at 61.3 percent while 38.7 percent voted to stay.

The Bank of England said it will take “all necessary steps” to meet responsibilities for monetary and fiscal stability. At one point Friday, the Pound fell to $1.33, the lowest since the mid 1980s. Before the results came in, the Pound had risen as high as $1.50 because traders expected a Remain victory. But following the early results that showed stronger than expected support for Leave in north-east England it dropped to $1.43 and then took another dive after Leave continued to lead. As of 1:30 a.m. ET, the Pound was worth $1.34.

Following news of the Leave side’s victory, a White House official released a brief statement: “The President has been briefed on the incoming returns in the UK referendum, and he will continue to be updated by his team as the situation warrants. We expect the President will have an opportunity to speak to Prime Minister Cameron over the course of the next day, and we will release further comment as soon as appropriate.”

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Read More →