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Scott Clarke / ESPN Images(SAN FRANCISCO) — San Francisco 49ers quarterback Colin Kaepernick, who is refusing to stand for the national anthem in protest of America’s treatment of “black people and people of color,” has drawn considerable attention for his remarks but questions remain over how the public will perceive his recent actions over time.

Jeremy Schaap — an ESPN writer and the author of “Triumph: The Untold Story of Jesse Owens and Hitler’s Olympics” — and Dave Zirin — the sports editor for The Nation and the author of “What’s My Name, Fool!,” a book about sports and political resistance in America — told ABC News that several factors will determine the legacy of Kaepernick’s recent actions.

Schaap noted that history has warmed to protests of athletes like Muhammad Ali, Tommie Smith and John Carlos, who competed when the Civil Rights Movement was at its peak, and said that “the world has adjusted to their viewpoints.”

“We’ve had a chance to step away with the benefit of hindsight after a cooling down period, and now people judge their actions in a completely different way,” Schaap said.

Zirin, for his part, noted that Smith and Carlos, who raised their fists in a Black Power salute during the 1968 Olympics in Mexico City, did so in October of 1968, after a storm of highly charged political events, including the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. and the Tet Offensive in the Vietnam War.

He described their actions as being “in the context of a movement,” something he said was also true of Kaepernick, pointing to the recent Black Lives Matter protests that have occurred throughout the country.

“He’s elevated the discussion with the actions he’s taken,” Zirin said. “That’s why this story has been so electric. It feels very similar to 1968.”

Ali, of course, drew considerable criticism at the time of his protest but was lionized as an American hero by everyone from President Obama to Donald Trump when he died this year. Smith and Carlos, who were ostracized and received death threats in 1968, later went on to win an Arthur Ashe Courage Award at the 2008 ESPYs. Nowadays, imagery of their protest has become ubiquitous, and has even been featured in corporate advertising.

Other protests, however, seem to have only been remembered in the context of Kaepernick’s recent actions, like NBA guard Mahmoud Abdul-Rauf’s sit-out of the national anthem in 1996 and MLB first baseman Carlos Delgado’s protest of “God Bless America” in 2004.

Zirin differentiated the actions of Abdul-Rauf and Delgado from those of Ali, Smith and Carlos by describing them as “isolated” and not really part of any specific movement.

He said that the isolation of Abdul-Rauf, for example, made him more vulnerable to punishment than Kaepernick. “He was fined, and I don’t think that would happen now,” Zirin said.

Schaap said that Delgado’s actions aren’t really remembered because he never received much in the way of punishment for his protest, which was conducted in response for America’s invasion of Iraq and made in solidarity with a political movement happening in his native home of Puerto Rico over U.S. weapons testing on the island of Vieques.

“He didn’t lose millions of dollars and wasn’t banished from his sport,” Schaap said. “To create a lasting impression [like the protests of Ali, Smith and Carlos], there has to be a sense that these guys are sacrificing something.”

Zirin also noted that Abdul-Rauf and Delgado conducted their protests in an age before social media and that that the public interpretations of their actions were left almost exclusively to sports writers. Nowadays, however, the public at large has a louder voice thanks to social media. He called this change a “bottom up” interpretation of events, rather than “top down,” opening up a broader potential for support of Kaepernick’s actions.

On Tuesday, NBA Hall of Famer Kareem Abdul-Jabbar voiced support for Kaepernick’s protest, driving the discussion on social media even further.

Zirin agreed with Schaap that the degree of sacrifice displayed by an athlete plays an important role in how a protest is viewed by the culture at large, suggesting that Kaepernick was indeed taking a big risk with his career.

“He’s really risking something by doing this,” Zirin said. “It’s all the more admirable that he could be cut by the 49ers.”

Kaepernick electrified fans early in his career. In his first career postseason start in 2012, he helped defeat the Green Bay Packers and set an NFL single-game record for the most rushing yards by a quarterback with 181.

Since that time, however, his performance on the field has been mixed. Last year, he struggled through injury and inconsistency, having the worst year of his career as a pro.

“Even the best athletes have a short time in the spotlight,” Zirin said, noting the difference between Kaepernick taking a political stance versus an established movie star with longevity like George Clooney.

Kaepernick can next be seen on Thursday night, when the San Francisco 49ers play a preseason game in San Diego against the Chargers, who are set to host their “28th Annual Salute to the Military” celebration, recognizing the city’s robust military population with pregame and halftime events.

Kaepernick has said that he will not stand for the national anthem at that game.

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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — Genetic material from the deadly Ebola virus was found in survivors more than a year and a half after being infected, according to a report published Tuesday in the medical journal The Lancet.

RNA from the Ebola virus persisted in 9 percent of the patients studied, according to researchers from the Liberia Ministry of Health and U.S. Centers of Disease Control and Prevention who collaborated on the report.

The new findings could change the recommendations for male survivors for both the CDC and the World Health Organization. Currently the WHO recommends an Ebola survivor use barrier contraception or abstain from sex for 12 months if they have not had their semen tested for the virus.

“This program provides important insights into how long Ebola remains in semen, a key component to preventing flare-ups of the disease and protecting survivors and their loved ones,” CDC Director Dr. Tom Frieden said in a statement Tuesday. “It also shows how investments in public health capacity can save lives.”

More than 450 men from Liberia were screened in the months after they contracted the disease and officials found that 24 men had evidence of Ebola in their semen 12 months after they had recovered from the virus, according to the new report. One of the patients had virus particles in his semen 565 days after his illness. Previously, the longest time Ebola was documented to be present in semen was 6 months.

Researchers found that older men over the age of 40 were more likely to have viral genetic materials found in semen 90 days after they left treatment centers.

In at least one case, a woman likely contracted Ebola through unprotected sexual contact with an Ebola survivor, according to a CDC report published in May 2015. In that case, the male Ebola survivor had finished treatment for Ebola in October 2014 and then had sexual intercourse with the patient in March of the following year.

“It is not known how long Ebola might be found in the semen of male Ebola survivors,” according to the CDC website. “The time it takes for Ebola to leave the semen is different for each man. Based on the results from limited studies conducted to date, it appears that the amount of virus decreases over time and eventually leaves the semen.”

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WABC-TV(NEW YORK) — Eleven kayakers were hit by a ferry in the Hudson River Tuesday evening, according to the U.S. Coast Guard.

The ferry departed from Pier 79 in New York City and hit the kayakers at just before 6 p.m. Officers from the NYPD Special Operations Division pulled several people from the water, the NYPD confirmed.

Five kayakers were taken to area hospitals, according to the Coast Guard. Two people were in critical condition.

We believe as many as ten kayakers may have been hit by a departing ferry from Pier 79. Additional updates to follow from the scene.

— J. Peter Donald (@JPeterDonald) August 30, 2016

All 451 people on board the ferry were accounted for, according to an NYPD dispatch call. One of the injured had a “severe laceration” to his left arm, while another suffered an injury to his head, according to the call.

The cause of the collision is currently under investigation.

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Photo by Silver Screen Collection/Getty Images(NEW YORK) — A day after the passing of Gene Wilder, the tributes to the Oscar nominated actor are still rolling in — this time, from the grown-ups who were just kids when they worked with him on the set of Charlie & The Chocolate Factory.

Pete Ostrum played good-natured Charlie Bucket in the 1971 classic — and despite offers to continue a big-screen career, he decided to leave Hollywood behind. He became a Cornell-educated veterinarian who still works in Lowville, New York.

In an exclusive email to ABC News, Dr. Ostrum said, “Lots to remember…Few actors have had such a great impact on the film industry as Gene did. Gene’s wit and humor spoke to many generations of film audiences. He was a unique talent that brought joy to all of us that followed his long career. As a young actor filming Willy Wonka, I had the rare privilege of working with Gene who I greatly admired. He became my mentor and personal friend. For that I will always be grateful. So shines a good deed in a weary world.”

They might not have gotten along with him onscreen, but the other children from Charlie & the Chocolate Factory remembered fondly the actor who immortalized Willy Wonka on the silver screen.

The remaining golden ticket winners — who were ultimately undone by their bad behavior in the movie — took to social media to pay tribute to the late Wilder.

Julie Dawn Cole, who played the bratty Veruca Salt, and Denise Nickerson, who played the gum-chomping Violet Beauregarde, expressed their condolences via Twitter.

“Such very sad news. Words not enough. Treasured memories,” Cole wrote.

“RIP Gene. You were so talented and kindhearted. You will be sorely missed by so many. All of us have lost OUR Willy Wonka. Love, Violet” Nickerson tweeted.

Actor Paris Themmen, who played Mike Teevee, changed his Facebook cover photo to honor Wilder’s life.

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iStock/Thinkstock(COPENHAGEN, Denmark) — The past three decades have seen a dramatic drop in deaths in survivors of heart attacks that struck before age 50 – a decrease in mortality researchers chalk up to a reduction in smoking and improvements in heart treatment.

But the bad news?

These early heart attack survivors still face nearly double the risk of early death than those their age who have not had a heart attack before, according to a new study published in Circulation.

Researchers in Denmark looked at medical charts of more than 21,000 patients diagnosed with a heart attack before the age of 50 and compared them to more than 200,000 of their age-matched peers. They found that overall 30-day mortality was 8.3 percent in the heart attack group, but the rate did improve every decade.

From 1980-1989, the rate was 12.5 percent, from 1990-1999, 8.4 percent, and from 2000-2009, 3.2 percent.

The most likely cause of death for these patients was a blockage in the arteries of their hearts.

As for the finding that these heart attack survivors still face a higher risk of early death than their peers, it is a healthy reminder that sustained lifestyle changes are needed after a heart attack at a young age.

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Joe Faraoni / ESPN Images(NEW YORK) — New video of Hope Solo captures the moments after she learned that U.S. Soccer had suspended her for six months and terminated her contract.

The video, shot by Fullscreen for its series “Keeping Score,” shows the goalkeeper telling her husband, “Terminated contract, not just a suspension.”

“Seventeen f—ing years and it’s over,” an emotional Solo, 35, says in the video.

On Tuesday, the goalkeeper also announced she will not be returning to the pitch for her professional team, the Seattle Reign.

“Coming to terms with the fact I was fired from the U.S. Women’s National Team after 17 years of service has been devastating,” Solo said in a statement. “After careful consideration, I have decided to end my season with the Seattle Reign, an organization I love playing for. Mentally, I am not there yet.”

pic.twitter.com/ogdYGQzniK

— Hope Solo (@hopesolo) August 30, 2016

Solo was suspended following her comments calling the Swedish women’s team “a bunch of cowards” after they beat the U.S. women’s team in Rio.

“The comments by Hope Solo after the match against Sweden during the 2016 Olympics were unacceptable and do not meet the standard of conduct we require from our National Team players,” U.S. Soccer President Sunil Gulati said in a statement announcing Solo’s suspension. “Beyond the athletic arena, and beyond the results, the Olympics celebrate and represent the ideals of fair play and respect. We expect all of our representatives to honor those principles, with no exceptions.

“Taking into consideration the past incidents involving Hope, as well as the private conversations we’ve had requiring her to conduct herself in a manner befitting a U.S. National Team member, U.S. Soccer determined this is the appropriate disciplinary action,” Gulati added.

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The White House(WASHINGTON) — President Obama has commuted the sentences of 111 federal inmates convicted of drug offenses, the White House announced Tuesday, bringing his total number of commutations to 673.

According to the White House, Obama has cut the federal sentences of more men and woman than the last 10 presidents combined, and the most since President Calvin Coolidge. Earlier this month, he commuted the sentences of 214 people in a single day — a new record.

Republicans have criticized Obama’s actions. In a July 2015 letter to Attorney General Loretta Lynch, Republicans on the House Judiciary Committee accused him of using the “extraordinary” action for “political purposes.”

Obama has pardoned just 70 individuals as president, according to the Justice Department, fewer than any president since William McKinley.

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Joe Faraoni / ESPN Images(NEW YORK) — Basketball legend Kareem Abdul-Jabbar weighed in on the controversy surrounding Colin Kaepernick’s decision to sit during the national anthem, in an op-ed published Tuesday in The Washington Post, portraying his protest as “highly patriotic.”

“What should horrify Americans is not Kaepernick’s choice to remain seated during the national anthem, but that nearly 50 years after [Muhammad] Ali was banned from boxing for his stance and Tommie Smith and John Carlos’s raised fists caused public ostracization and numerous death threats, we still need to call attention to the same racial inequities,” Abdul-Jabbar wrote, referring to prominent protests by black athletes that were once considered controversial but have since become iconic symbols of the U.S. civil rights movement.

Abdul-Jabbar’s defense of Kaepernick comes amid growing backlash against the quarterback’s actions.

Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump said Monday that “maybe [Kaepernick] should find a country that works better for him,” and fans posted videos of themselves burning Kaepernick jerseys and other memorabilia on social media.

Abdul-Jabbar — an NBA Hall of Fame center who played for the Milwaukee Bucks and Los Angeles Lakers and holds the league record for points scored, blocks and MVP awards — certainly adds prestige to those defending Kaepernick’s protest.

Previously, Kaepernick’s most vocal defenders were activists like Black Lives Matter advocate and New York Daily News columnist Shaun King.

The retired NBA star, 69, noted in his piece the financial risk that Kaepernick took by speaking up for his beliefs and compared him to Army Reserve 2nd Lt. Sam Kendricks, who, while competing in the Rio Olympics, stopped short while pole vaulting to honor the national anthem.

Abdul-Jabbar wrote that both athletes made a sacrifice.

“What makes an act truly patriotic and not just lip-service is when it involves personal risk or sacrifice. Both Kendricks and Kaepernick chose to express their patriotism publicly because they felt that inspiring others was more important than the personal cost,” he said.

He portrayed the matter as a nonpartisan issue, suggesting that a discussion around Kaepernick comes amid “Trump and [Hillary] Clinton supporters each righteously claiming ownership of the ‘most patriotic’ label.”

Abdul-Jabbar is no stranger to commenting on political matters and is widely regarded as liberal. He regularly contributes opinion pieces on issues of race and religion to The Washington Post and The Huffington Post.

He disappointed some progressives by endorsing Clinton before the New York primary in April in an op-ed for The Washington Post in which he praised Sanders’ “dedication to the welfare of all Americans” but said he preferred Clinton, whom he called a proven warrior.”

Abdul-Jabbar was born in New York City and emerged as a high school basketball star there.

In 1967, Abdul-Jabbar, then known as Lew Alcindor, participated in what is known as the Ali summit, a news conference lending support to Ali’s rejection of his military induction and conscientious objection to the Vietnam War.

NBA legend Bill Russell and NFL star Jim Brown were among the news conference’s other notable attendees.

New York Knicks star Carmelo Anthony referred to Ali in an Instagram post in July, after the police shooting deaths of Alton Sterling and Philando Castile, calling for fellow athletes to “step up” and “demand change.”

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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — Two hurricanes are heading side-by-side toward the Hawaiian islands, and they are expected to cause severe weather in the area late this week, the Central Pacific Hurricane Center told ABC News.

The first, Hurricane Madeline, is moving west with maximum sustained winds at 120 mph, making it a Category 3 storm. The forecast track takes the hurricane just south of the Big Island around Thursday morning. A hurricane watch has been issued for Maui and waters around the Big Island, and a tropical storm warning has been issued for the Big Island.

The main impact for Madeline will be heavy rain, dangerous waves, rip currents and damaging winds.

Right behind Madeline is fellow Category 3 storm, Hurricane Lester, with winds up to 120 mph. It is currently heading west and could move just north of Hawaii on Saturday morning.

If both hurricanes make landfall, they will be the first back-to-back hurricanes to ever hit the Hawaiian islands, the Central Pacific Hurricane Center told ABC News.

On the East Coast of the U.S., tropical depressions continue to churn in the Atlantic Ocean, bringing with them fears of hurricanes along the coast.

So far, the depressions do not pose an urgent threat to any land mass, but Hurricane Gaston, a storm likely to finish its course in the Atlantic, has created rip currents apparently strong enough to drown a 26-year-old swimmer Monday evening in Long Beach, New York.

New Yorker Ed Fayans and his son, Maxwell, helped rescue another swimmer off Long Beach.

“If you don’t know how to swim, and you’re not on your game, those waves will pull you,” Fayans, a surfer who witnessed the ordeal, told ABC’s New York station WABC-TV.

A tropical depression that formed Sunday off the coast of North Carolina appears sluggish and disorganized this morning, and is likely struggling to survive.

A chance exists that it could become a weak tropical storm later Tuesday, hitting the outer banks of North Carolina. Because of the threat, the National Hurricane Center has issued a hurricane warning for the Outer Banks of the state.

Another tropical depression is further away, located north of Cuba and in the southern Gulf of Mexico, but is considered to be a more organized storm that could strike landfall north of Tampa on Thursday morning.

As for the Long Island drowning, it was the first such incident this summer, according to WABC-TV.

Another swimmer that lifeguards pulled out of the Atlantic survived, the station reported.

“Somebody came running up to tell us that there’s two guys in the surf need help, and I only saw one,” Fayans told WABC-TV. “And then when I started running down, I saw a limp body in the surf, and I took that one and my son went out and got the guy who was way out that was losing it.”

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iStock/Thinkstock(BOSTON) — A Massachusetts man, already under FBI investigation, was arrested over the weekend and charged with weapons possession after allegedly telling a childhood friend that he wanted to attack a mosque or kill President Obama, or do both, according to the U.S. Attorney’s Office.

Joseph Garguilo, 40, was arrested early Saturday morning in connection with the possession of a “trove of weapons” in violation of a restraining order, ammunition and incendiary material, as well as his threats to use them, according to the U.S. Attorney.

He allegedly told the friend he wanted to “chain a mosque closed and burn it down. Burn every [person] down in there,” according to court records.

Another person also reported him to the FBI on July 27, the charging documents allege. That person feared he was using drugs, acquiring parts to make an AR-15 and stockpiling other weapons, food and water because “Garguilo believes that the structure of America will collapse and that America is going to enter a state of martial law,” the court records state.

When martial law is declared, Garguilo told his children, he hopes to build thermite grenades to kill police officers, according to the documents.

That person also told the FBI that “he will plant bombs in police stations … and kill as many homeland security officers as he can before they kill him,” according to court documents.

The childhood friend also called the FBI to say he saw in Garguilo’s basement a partially assembled AR-15, crossbow and knives, according to the court records.

The friend told the FBI Garguilo said he wanted to “attack a mosque and/or kill President Obama,” according to the court records. He also said Garguilo’s “mental state had gone downhill,” the documents state.

The friend also reported that Garguilo made a comment to the effect that when Obama was on the golf course in Martha’s Vineyard, Garguilo should have taken the opportunity to kill him, according to court documents.

The United States Secret Service is aware of the arrest and referred questions to the FBI.

When agents searched Garguilo’s residence last Friday they found ammunition, magazines, parts to assemble AR-15 rifles and chemicals that could be combined to create explosive material, according to the criminal complaint.

Agents also recovered handwritten notes allegedly threatening violence against Muslims.

Garguilo was taken into custody Saturday and had an initial court appearance Monday. He was charged with possessing ammunition in violation of the restraining order. He did not enter a plea, but plans to plead not guilty, according to his attorney, Mark Meehan.

Meehan said Gargiulo is, “first and foremost, a loving and dedicated father to his two boys.”

“[T]he character the media is portraying Mr. Gargiulo as being is not accurate,” the lawyer told ABC News in a statement. “Mr. Gargiulo, from what I am aware of, has never entertained any plots against any individual or group. Mr. Gargiulo may not possess mainstream political beliefs, but what beliefs he does hold is no threat. He is a collector of self-defense tools and can be categorized as what is called a ‘prepper,’ that is, preparing for difficult times.”

The FBI discovered that Garguilo has a criminal history with a number of “sealed adult appearances,” according to the court records. The status of an earlier conviction was unclear, according to the FBI.

As a result of the information the FBI received, it contacted the Holliston Police Department in Massachusetts. Detectives there were familiar with Garguilo and said they believed he had been involved in some kind of hit-and-run incident, according to court records.

Detectives also said that Garguilo had metal bars on his doors and windows, wears a handcuff key on his neck and is believed to abuse prescription medication, the documents state.

The restraining order required that he surrender all firearms and ammunition to police based on the finding that there “there is a substantial likelihood of immediate danger of abuse…”

A detention hearing is scheduled for Garguilo on Sept. 7. He is in the custody of the U.S. Marshals Service, according to the U.S. Attorney’s office.

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