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Timothy Epp/iStock/Thinkstock(COLUMBUS, Ohio) — The Supreme Court of Ohio on Thursday upheld the city of Toledo’s automated traffic camera system used to catch drivers who run red lights or commit speeding violations.

According to the court documents, the court heard arguments from an Ohio man who claimed that the policy “usurps the jurisdiction of the municipal court, is unconstitutionally vague and violates due process.” The crux of the complaint is that the appeal process through which a motorist would have to go if they were to contest a camera-issued ticket is established by the Toledo Police Department.

The state supreme court says that the Toledo law “does not offend…the Ohio Constitution” and that cities are within their rights to establish automated ticketing systems.

Three justices wrote a dissenting opinion, arguing that the city council did not have the power to limit a municipal court’s jurisdiction, as they believe the Toledo system does.

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Stockbyte/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — The Death Penalty Information Center on Thursday released its annual report, which found that America conducted the fewest executions in 20 years in 2014.

The report says that just 35 executions took place in 2014 in seven states, the smallest number of people put to death since 1994. Also in 2014, only 72 people received death sentences, the smallest number in the 40 years of the modern death penalty.

Three states — Texas, Missouri and Florida — accounted for 80 percent of the country’s executions.

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Jim Dorian/iStock/Thinkstock(WASHINGTON) — The White House will consider a “range of options” in dealing with the Sony hack, White House Press Secretary Josh Earnest said Thursday.

Earnest would not speculate on the eventual White House response, saying, “I would acknowledge that an appropriate response is something that is not always obvious, but it’s something that’s worthy of careful consideration.” The president’s national security team continues to consider their options carefully, Earnest said.

“I don’t anticipate that we’ll be in a position where we’re going to be able to be completely forthcoming about every single element of the response that has been decided upon,” Earnest added.

Earnest would not discuss who would eventually be deemed responsible for the hack, though he did say that Obama “considers it to be a serious national security matter.”

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Spotmatik/iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — A new report named the most and least prepared states in the country when it comes to infectious disease.

The report, put out by the Trust for America’s Health and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, used ten indicators of preparedness to judge the states. At the top of the list of best prepared states? Maryland, Massachusetts, Tennessee, Vermont and Virginia. On the other end of the spectrum, Arkansas finished at the bottom of the list.

Among the indicators used in the report are preparation for emerging threats, vaccinations, healthcare-associated infections, sexually-transmitted infections, food safety, core capabilities, integration of health care and public health and leadership and accountability. A state successful in a given indicator would receive one point.

The top five states, TFAH said, received just eight out of 10 possible points, while Arkansas received just two.

Among the biggest problems, the report indicated, were that just 14 percent of states vaccinate at least half of their population and only 16 states performed better than the national standardized infection ratio for central-line-associated bloodstream infections.

The full report can be found here.

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dolgachov/iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — Parents buying their teenage children cars should open up their wallet and opt for a new car instead of a used one, researchers say.

A study conducted by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, and published in the journal Injury Prevention, looked at national data on drivers between the ages of 15 and 17 and drivers aged 35 to 50 who were killed in car accidents. The biggest difference, the study found, was the age of the cars.

An overwhelming majority — 82 percent — of the teenagers killed in crashes were driving vehicles that were more than six years old. Even more striking, 48 percent were driving vehicles 11 years old or older.

Those older cars, researchers say, were less likely to have safety features, such as electronic stability control and side air bags, which might have cut the rate of teens killed in crashes. In fact, researchers say, the rate of fatal crashes for teens is about three times that for adult drivers.

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Official White House Photo by Pete Souza(WASHINGTON) — President Obama signed an order on Thursday that officially created the Task Force on 21st Century Policing.

Obama had announced on Dec. 1 that he would take this step. The task force will convene sessions where they will hear testimony and accept proposed recommendations from invited witnesses. By March, the task force is expected to present a report and recommendations to the president.

According to the White House, the chairpersons of the task force will be Philadelphia Police Commissioner Charles Ramsey and Laurie Robinson, profesor of Criminology, Law and Society and George Mason University. Robinson is also a former assistant attorney general for the Department of Justice’s Office of Justice Programs.

The task force will also include 10 other members, including attorneys, leaders of non-profit organizations and law enforcement officers.

Obama created the task force after weeks of protests over the police-involved shooting of Michael Brown, 18, in Ferguson, Mo., and the death of Eric Garner at the hands of a New York police officer in recent months.

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Photo by: Peter Kramer/NBC(NEW YORK) — An attorney for Bill Cosby on Thursday criticized freelance journalist Stacy Brown on a Friday article in the New York Post in which Cosby’s comments “continue to be misconstrued in a way that can only call into question the fair-mindedness of certain commentators.”

In that article, Brown quoted Cosby as saying, “I only expect our black media to uphold the standards of excellent journalism…and when you do that, you go in with a neutral mind.” Cosby’s attorney, John P. Schmitt, said that Cosby “did not ask for special treatment from the African-American media.”

Instead, Schmitt says, “he asked that they adhere to journalistic standards and approach the story in a neutral manner — without a predisposition on either side of the story.” That expectation applies to all media, he noted.

Schmitt also noted the “mean-spirited and reckless rhetoric” spouted by MSNBC commentator and Georgetown University Professor Michael Eric Dyson. Dyson’s comments called Cosby’s request for neutrality the comedian’s “rape [of the] entire black community.”

Cosby has been accused by several women in recent weeks of sexual abuse. Earlier this month, a woman named Judy Huth sued Cosby, alleging he molested her in the Playboy Mansion in 1974, when she was 15 years old.

Last month, Cosby denied the allegations made against him through his attorney.

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ABC/Lou Rocco(NEW YORK) — A New York criminal court judge on Thursday declared a mistrial in the case against Devar Hurd, the man accused of stalking R&B singer Ashanti.

The mistrial was declared because one of the jurors was too sick to come in for deliberation. Hurd, who represented himself while facing charges of stalking and aggravated harassment, will return to jail and be retried as soon as next month.

Between September 2012 and July 2013, Hurd allegedly sent over 100 messages to the singer on Twitter. Some of the messages were sexual in nature, and prosecutors said those messages caused harm to her “mental and emotional health.” Hurd also allegedly approached Ashanti’s sister, a violation of an order of protection requiring him to stay away.

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ABC/Lou Rocco(NEW YORK) — A New York criminal court judge on Thursday declared a mistrial in the case against Devar Hurd, the man accused of stalking R&B singer Ashanti.

The mistrial was declared because one of the jurors was too sick to come in for deliberation. Hurd, who represented himself while facing charges of stalking and aggravated harassment, will return to jail and be retried as soon as next month.

Between September 2012 and July 2013, Hurd allegedly sent over 100 messages to the singer on Twitter. Some of the messages were sexual in nature, and prosecutors said those messages caused harm to her “mental and emotional health.” Hurd also allegedly approached Ashanti’s sister, a violation of an order of protection requiring him to stay away.

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Photo by: Peter Kramer/NBC(NEW YORK) — An attorney for Bill Cosby on Thursday criticized freelance journalist Stacy Brown on a Friday article in the New York Post in which Cosby’s comments “continue to be misconstrued in a way that can only call into question the fair-mindedness of certain commentators.”

In that article, Brown quoted Cosby as saying, “I only expect our black media to uphold the standards of excellent journalism…and when you do that, you go in with a neutral mind.” Cosby’s attorney, John P. Schmitt, said that Cosby “did not ask for special treatment from the African-American media.”

Instead, Schmitt says, “he asked that they adhere to journalistic standards and approach the story in a neutral manner — without a predisposition on either side of the story.” That expectation applies to all media, he noted.

Schmitt also noted the “mean-spirited and reckless rhetoric” spouted by MSNBC commentator and Georgetown University Professor Michael Eric Dyson. Dyson’s comments called Cosby’s request for neutrality the comedian’s “rape [of the] entire black community.”

Cosby has been accused by several women in recent weeks of sexual abuse. Earlier this month, a woman named Judy Huth sued Cosby, alleging he molested her in the Playboy Mansion in 1974, when she was 15 years old.

Last month, Cosby denied the allegations made against him through his attorney.

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